Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 186 items for:

community x Forms of Crime x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community-Based Substance Use Prevention

Abigail A. Fagan and J. David Hawkins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Drugs Trade. 8746 words.

This article analyzes scientific evidence on the effectiveness of strategies aimed at preventing substance use within the community. It considers the potential of community-based devices to...

Go to »  abstract

Policing Vulnerability through building community connections

Craig Paterson and David Best.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

June 2016; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 4179 words.

Most people who come into contact with the Police Service can be described, in some way or other, as vulnerable. Victims, offenders, witnesses, and bystanders are all exposed to social...

Community Police Officers and Self-Involved Conflict: An Explorative Study on Reconciliation with Citizens

Sara Stronks.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

September 2016; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 9126 words.

In this article, community police officers’ reflections on self-involved interpersonal conflict and reconciliation with citizens are explored through a relational perspective. Besides the...

Police Community Support Officers in Schools: Findings from an Evaluation of a Pilot Training Programme for School Liaison Officers

Dave Trotman and Lorraine Thomas.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

September 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 5969 words.

This article reports the findings of an evaluation of a pilot training programme for Police Community Support Officers working as School Liaison Officers (SLOs) in secondary schools in two...

Crisis Intervention Teams: An Evolution of Leadership in Community and Policing

James B. Arey, Ann H. Wilder, Anthony H. Normore, Mark D. Iannazzo and Mitch Javidi.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

June 2016; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 3403 words.

The primary intent of this article is to trace the historical context of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training and present the various elements of the Memphis CIT model as highlighted...

Statistical Analysis of White-Collar Crime

Gerald Cliff and April Wall-Parker.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime. 9434 words.

As far back as the 19th century, statistics on reported crime have been relied upon as a means to understand and explain the nature and prevalence of crime (Friedrichs, 2007). Measurements...

Go to »  abstract

Ethnography and the Study of Gangs

Robert J. Durán.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime. 8784 words.

The study of gangs has emerged alongside the use of a research methodology known as ethnography. Ethnography is based on participant observation and interviews to provide a detailed...

Go to »  abstract

The Extent and Nature of Gang Crime

Lauren Magee and Chris Melde.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 12299 words.

Street gangs have been the focus of attention for over a century, largely due to their reputation for involvement in illegal activities, especially violence. Indeed, gangs use this...

Go to »  abstract

The Italian-American Mafia

Jay S. Albanese.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

October 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Organised Crime. 7941 words.

The Mafia in America became a concern that paralleled the immigration wave from Italy during the late 1800s. It was closely associated with victimization within Italian communities in...

Go to »  abstract

The Illegal Wildlife Trade

Stephen F. Pires and William D. Moreto.

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: International and Comparative Criminology; Corporate Crime. 14984 words.

The illegal wildlife trade is a growing problem driven by a number of factors (e.g. subsistence, alternative medicine, accessories, the pet trade). High demand for illicit wildlife products...

Go to »  abstract

Firearm Violence

Philip J. Cook and Jens Ludwig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Violent Crime. 13803 words.

This article begins by characterizing the nature and scope of the gun violence problem, including a discussion of the potential benefit from use of guns in self-defense. The next section is...

Go to »  abstract

Gender, Sex, and Intimate-Partner Violence in Historical Perspective

Randolph Roth.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

May 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Violent Crime. 8039 words.

Violence involving intimate partners may appear at first glance to be an intractable problem. But the character and incidence of intimate-partner violence have varied dramatically among...

Go to »  abstract

Searching for Organized Crime in History

Cyrille Fijnaut.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

October 2014; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Organised Crime. 21977 words.

Organized crime as it exists today originated in many different locations around the world as the history of banditry and the Mafia in western Europe as well as the history of the Triads...

Go to »  abstract

Who Commits White-Collar Crime, and What Do We Know About Them?

Paul M. Klenowski and Kimberly D. Dodson.

in The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corporate Crime. 11484 words.

Our knowledge regarding white-collar offenders has increased substantially since the time of Edwin Sutherland. A considerable percentage of white-collar offenders are gainfully employed...

Go to »  abstract

White-Collar Delinquency

Andrea Schoepfer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Forms of Crime. 8031 words.

Studies of white-collar crime have largely focused on the crimes and immoral and unethical actions of adults during the course of their legitimate occupations, yet adults are not the only...

Go to »  abstract

The Defragmentation of Mental Health Services, Police, and the Homeless

Anthony H. Normore, Brian Ellis and Darius H. Bone.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

June 2016; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 4855 words.

Modern western policing has evolved from enforcement to problem-oriented and community-based. Unfortunately however, society, policing, and mental health services have relied on many of the...

U.S. Organized Crime Control Policies Exported Abroad

Margaret Beare and Michael Woodiwiss.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

October 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Organised Crime; Crime Prevention. 12870 words.

To a great extent, international law enforcement has been “Americanized” in recent decades. This essay traces the significant part that the U.S. government’s efforts to establish a global...

Go to »  abstract

Gangs and Violence

Haley Bullard and Shannon Reid.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Crime Prevention. 11425 words.

Much of the ongoing concern about the presence of gangs and gang members in the community has to do with the association between street gangs and violence. Decades of research on street...

Go to »  abstract

A Longitudinal Analysis of the Relationship between Administrative Policy, Technological Preferences, and Body-Worn Camera Activation among Police Officers

Jacob T.N. Young and Justin T. Ready.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

March 2018; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 8108 words.

Abstract

Policymakers and communities are increasingly looking to body-worn cameras to increase accountability and fix the legitimacy crisis affecting American...

Mining Police-Recorded Offence and Incident Data to Inform a Definition of Repeat Domestic Abuse Victimization for Statistical Reporting

Allan J Brimicombe.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

June 2018; p ublished online July 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 7017 words.

Abstract

Following inspections in 2013 of all police forces, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary found that one-third of forces could not provide data...