Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Technological Change; Research and Development x clear all

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Upstream public engagement, downstream policy-making? The Brain Imaging Dialogue as a community of inquiry

Oliver Escobar.

in Science and Public Policy

July 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Policy; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; History of Science and Technology. 9214 words.

UK science and policy networks increasingly advocate ‘upstream public engagement’, that is, early public deliberation around potentially controversial science and technology. In the last...

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Endogenous growth of open collaborative innovation communities: a supply-side perspective

Paolo E Giordani, Francesco Rullani and Lorenzo Zirulia.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

August 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Services. 10385 words.

Abstract

This article analyzes the conditions under which open collaborative innovation communities can be generated and are able to grow and prosper in the...

Epistemic communities, localization and the dynamics of knowledge creation

Patrick Cohendet, David Grandadam, Laurent Simon and Ignasi Capdevila.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Economic Sociology. 13116 words.

This article aims to clarify how epistemic communities dynamically shape the process of knowledge creation in a localized context and how the evolving interaction between different members...

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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Epistemic communities, European Union governance and the public voice

Anthony R Zito.

in Science and Public Policy

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

This article presents a theoretical examination of the role that expert groups, particularly ‘epistemic communities’ and ‘advocacy coalitions’, play in the European Union (EU) process. It...

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Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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Tensions in the research council-research community relationship

Magnus Gulbrandsen.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Research councils have often met difficult balancing acts, for instance between basic and applied research, disciplinary and cross-disciplinary work, and trade-off decisions about review...

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The innovative performance of German multinationals abroad: evidence from the European community innovation survey

Franziska Kampik and Bernhard Dachs.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2011; p ublished online April 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; International Factor Movements and International Business. 6611 words.

This article analyzes cross-country differences in innovation behavior of subsidiaries of German multinational enterprises. The analysis is based on data from community innovation survey...

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Epistemic communities and two goals of delegation: hormone growth promoters in the European Union

Claire A Dunlop.

in Science and Public Policy

April 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

The delegation literature tells us that decision-makers delegate power to agents to achieve efficiency or credibility (or both). Critically, however, the successful delivery of each of...

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From community to ‘collaboratory’? The Human Genome Mapping Project and the changing culture of science

Peter Glasner.

in Science and Public Policy

April 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

There have been several sociological attempts to conceptualise the scientific community initially based on the customary view of science developed by Merton. In extending these accounts,...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Brain drain of the scientific community of developing countries: the case of Sri Lanka

M U M Anas and Seetha I Wickremasinghe.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Many Asian developing countries face an increasing drain of their scientific community as a current challenge. This study identifies the trends in Sri Lanka and investigates the nature and...

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Negotiating conventions and creating community: the case of Cartoon and European animation

Alexander Cole and David Barberá-Tomás.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development. 10350 words.

This article examines the processes of negotiation and institution building through which transnational networks of learning are fashioned. It does so by examining the case of the European...

Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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Community of learning, practice and collaboration

Juan D Rogers.

in Science and Public Policy

November 2006; p ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

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Community stewardship and inclusive decision-making

Sharon McKenzie Stevens.

in Science and Public Policy

October 2003; p ublished online October 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

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Introduction: The heterogeneity of innovation—evidence from the Community Innovation Surveys

Jan Fagerberg, David C. Mowery and Paul Nightingale.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 2144 words.

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Financial constraints to innovation in the UK: evidence from CIS2 and CIS3

Alessandra Canepa and Paul Stoneman.

in Oxford Economic Papers

October 2008; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development. 6795 words.

The role of financial factors as constraints to innovation in the UK is explored using data on individual returns to the second and third Community Innovation Surveys. It is found that...

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