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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community and Trade Preferences

Alexandra Guisinger.

in American Opinion on Trade

August 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 12061 words.

This chapter describes the impact on trade preference of two aspects of a community that, according to the model of preference formation proposed, influence individuals’...

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Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist

Mike Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Performance Practice and Studies; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques. 1327 words.

Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist, was born on 13 July 1932 in Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Little is known of his early life. He...

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist

Gerry Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Politics and Law. 832 words.

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist, was born at 24 John Street, Deptford, Kent, on 30 October 1866, the daughter of George James, journeyman...

Towards the Community: June 1966–May 1967

Matthew Broad.

in Harold Wilson, Denmark and the Making of Labour European Policy, 1958-72

June 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 15108 words.

The build-up to the second application for British EEC membership, launched in May 1967, is the subject of this chapter. Despite the Labour landslide general election victory in March 1966...

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Agricultural protection and support in the European Economic Community, 1962–92: rent-seeking or welfare policy?

Mark Spoerer.

in European Review of Economic History

May 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 9225 words.

The European Economic Community's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has found a lot of scholarly attention. While economists stress the irrationality of the CAP and explain its striking...

Sweatshops at Sea

Leon Fink.

March 2011; p ublished online September 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Economic History. 288 pages.

As the main artery of international commerce, merchant shipping was the world's first globalized industry, often serving as a vanguard for issues touching on labor recruiting, the...

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Visibly Fashionable

Vittoria Caterina Caratozzolo.

in Making Italian America

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 10729 words.

The chapter investigates the impact of dress-code changes upon early Southern Italian immigrant women in New York City at the turn of the twentieth century. Its aim is to point out the...

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In Italy Everyone Enjoys It—Why Not in America?

Elizabeth Zanoni.

in Making Italian America

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 5478 words.

The magnitude of Italian imports in the United States before World War II reflected the role that immigrants played in fostering the commercial flows. Italian immigrants’ conspicuous...

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Sovereign Consumption

Giorgio Bertellini.

in Making Italian America

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 7109 words.

Italian-produced films found a vast audience in New York City theaters, encompassing motives of emotional longing and diasporic nationalism among immigrant spectators well into the 1920s....

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Consuming Italian Americans

Danielle Battisti.

in Making Italian America

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 7912 words.

Guido is a youth subculture originating in New York City’s Italian American neighborhoods. This chapter understands Guido as a collective ethnic subject defined by a signature consumption...

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Individuals and Communities Facing Economic Stress: A Comparison of Two Rural Areas in Nineteenth-Century Belgium

Michel Oris, Muriel Neven and George Alter.

in Living Standards in the Past

March 2005; p ublished online July 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 13507 words.

In the early nineteenth century, eastern Belgium was the first region on the European continent to follow the British example of industrialization based on textiles, coal, and iron. Rural...

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Agricultural Labor

Clark Gregory.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 3163 words.

Agricultural labor takes place in a bewildering variety of ways. The list includes family farms, community cooperation, slave estates, feudal

Epidemics

S. Ryan Johansson.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 7167 words.

are sudden outbreaks of disease that spread rapidly within and between human communities. Often, but not always, the diseases involved

Local Banks

Robert E. Wright.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 2327 words.

Relatively small, unsophisticated depository institutions whose activities are generally limited to a modest geographical area or single community, local banks

Philippines

Edited by Joel Mokyr.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 2973 words.

Before the Spanish occupation began around 1565, Filipinos lived in small, separate coastal communities called barangays averaging thirty

Pigs

Timothy Cuff.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 1202 words.

have been a part of human diets and communities for millennia. In economic terms the pig's prime appeals as a

Retail Trade

Claire Walsh.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 2756 words.

Retailing has a fundamental significance in the economic life of communities, ancient and modern. Retailing forms the essential cog in

Theater Arts

Tracy C. Davis.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 6126 words.

Throughout human history, theater has been widely practiced as an amateur pursuit—in community rituals, in religious observations, or as a

Agricultural Labor

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Agricultural labor takes place in a bewildering variety of ways. The list includes family farms, community cooperation, slave estates, feudal dependents, full-time wageworkers, casual...

See overview in Oxford Index

Local Banks

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Relatively small, unsophisticated depository institutions whose activities are generally limited to a modest geographical area or single community, local banks fall at one extreme of a...

See overview in Oxford Index