Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Communities and Development: Autarkic Social Groups and the Economy

Russell Hardin.

in A Not-so-dismal Science

January 2000; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 10117 words.

Issues of social group autarky are addressed, with particular reference to their economic costs. The different sections of the chapter address the social interests of such groups, give some...

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How Business Community Institutions Can Help Fight Corruption

Avinash K. Dixit.

in The World Bank Economic Review

June 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Microeconomics; Analysis of Collective Decision-making; Law and Economics; Socialist Institutions and their Transitions; Other Economic Systems. 7691 words.

Collective action by the business community to counter corruption in the award of government licenses and contracts is analyzed, by analogy with contract enforcement institutions studied by...

The Domestic Sources of Multilateral Preferences: Varieties of Capitalism in the European Community

Orfeo Fioretos.

in Varieties of Capitalism

August 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 12409 words.

Explains how variations in the structure of a country's economic system shape their preferences over other forms of multilateral international organizations. It specifically answers why...

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Professional Obligation, Ethical Awareness, and Capital Market Regulation

Justin O’Brien.

in Capital Failure

August 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Financial Markets; Economic Systems. 10843 words.

This chapter argues that it is essential to challenge the norms governing the financial industry, to place ethical judgement above legal permissibility and technical compliance. It explores...

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The ‘Shadows’ of Informality in Rural Poland

Nicolette Makovicky.

in Economies of Favour after Socialism

January 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 10098 words.

This chapter focuses particularly on moments when the usual ‘reciprocity of sentiment’ between persons breaks down and conflicts ensue. Exploring relations between artisans and commercial...

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The “Architecture” of Capital Accounting

Edited by Charles R. Hulten.

in A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts

July 2006; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 10108 words.

This chapter discusses the design principles of a set of income and product accounts based on the circular flow model (CFM) of payments and goods. It explains that the analysis of capital...

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A Not-so-dismal Science

Edited by Mancur Olson and Satu Kähköhnen.

January 2000; p ublished online November 2003 .

Book. Subjects: Economic Systems. 286 pages.

This book shows that in calling economics the ‘dismal science’, Thomas Carlyle was profoundly wrong. The influence of economic thinking on other social sciences is bringing about a...

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Privatizations

Roy C. Smith, Ingo Walter and Gayle Delong.

in Global Banking

January 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 9254 words.

Privatization has been the principal means through which governments sell shares to the public of state-owned enterprises. Beginning with Organization for Economic Co-operation and...

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Preferential Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property Rights

Pedro Roffe and Christoph Spennemann.

in Intellectual Property Rights

May 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 16348 words.

This chapter seeks to show the extent of the changes introduced by the intellectual property (IP) chapters of preferential trade agreements (PTAs) to the IP framework existing under the WTO...

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Durable Financial Regulation

Leonard Nakamura.

in Measuring Wealth and Financial Intermediation and Their Links to the Real Economy

February 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 10081 words.

In the wake of the recent financial crisis, an effort is underway to redesign the regulation of financial institutions. This paper sets forth a discussion framework for the information...

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How did it Happen?

Jerome P. Kassirer.

in On the Take

October 2005; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 8179 words.

This chapter explores how money came to exert such a remarkable influence over the medical profession. It considers some of the factors that made many of America's doctors pay more...

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Standards and International Trade Integration: A Historical Review of the German ‘Reinheitsgebot’

Frank van Tongeren.

in The Economics of Beer

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems. 4061 words.

The Bavarian beer law of 1516, that later morphed into the German ‘Reinheitsgebot’ (purity law) is often seen as one of the oldest known food laws and is also an example of a unilateral...

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Ontology and the study of social reality: emergence, organisation, community, power, social relations, corporations, artefacts and money

Tony Lawson.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

March 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: General Economics; Economic Systems; Production and Organizations; Economic Methodology; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 23736 words.

The conception of social reality I have previously defended (and here extend), positing features such as social relations, positions and powers, is thoroughly naturalistic and even...

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What is Kidnap for Ransom Insurance?

Anja Shortland.

in Kidnap

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Systems; Public Economics. 6633 words.

Kidnap insurance comes with stringent conditions and access to a range of services for kidnap prevention and kidnap resolution. The market is highly concentrated: there are only around...

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Recovering Personhood

Daniel W. Bromley.

in Possessive Individualism

January 2020; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History; Economic Systems. 5102 words.

Possessive individualism undermines the realization of full personhood, and it enables the capitalist firm to shed any sense of obligation to those who must rent or sell their labor power...

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The future of capitalism: a consideration of alternatives

Wendy Harcourt.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

November 2014; p ublished online September 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Economics; Capitalist Systems. 11627 words.

The article reviews three entry points into a discussion of alternatives to today’s neoliberal capitalism. The first examines the need for a green new deal from mostly UK-based think tanks...

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Resilience from the micro perspective

Justin Doran and Bernard Fingleton.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

July 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Other Economic Systems. 8781 words.

Perhaps uniquely, we combine individual-level data from the American Community Survey 2005–2011 with aggregate data for small areas to examine the resilience of individuals’ wages to the...

Social Capital and the Viability of Stakeholder-Oriented Firms: Evidence from Savings Banks

Charlotte Ostergaard, Ibolya Schindele and Bent Vale.

in Review of Finance

August 2016; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Capitalist Systems; Economic Sociology; Banking; Corporate Governance. 20807 words.

We show that social capital improves the viability of stakeholder-oriented firms operating in competitive markets. Studying exits from the population of Norwegian savings banks after...

Why did the Portuguese economy stop converging with the OECD? Institutions, politics and innovation

Pedro Marques.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Capitalist Systems; Economic Methodology. 9228 words.

Underlying the crisis affecting peripheral European countries is their structural, long-term loss of competitiveness (Hadjimichalis, 2011, European Urban and Regional Studies, 18: 254–274)....

Organized Business, Political Competition, and Property Rights: Evidence from the Russian Federation

William Pyle.

in The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization

April 2011; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies; Analysis of Collective Decision-making. 11579 words.

Political competition and “merchant group” pressures have been pointed to as forces that limit state threats to the property rights of firms. This article presents evidence confirming their...