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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Public policy, community ownership and clean energy

Robert Pollin.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

November 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Energy Economics; Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise; Development Planning and Policy; National Government Expenditures and Related Policies. 10682 words.

This paper considers policies for promoting productive investments in the USA, especially as regards the project of building a clean energy economy. The four main policies examined are (i)...

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Endogenous growth of open collaborative innovation communities: a supply-side perspective

Paolo E Giordani, Francesco Rullani and Lorenzo Zirulia.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

August 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Services. 10385 words.

Abstract

This article analyzes the conditions under which open collaborative innovation communities can be generated and are able to grow and prosper in the...

Distance as asset? Knowledge collaboration in hybrid virtual communities

Gernot Grabher and Oliver Ibert.

in Journal of Economic Geography

January 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 12353 words.

This article takes issue with the reification of proximity in the current debates about the geographies of knowledge production. It aims at developing a more differentiated view on the...

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Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist

Mike Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Performance Practice and Studies; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques. 1327 words.

Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist, was born on 13 July 1932 in Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Little is known of his early life. He...

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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AGENDA SETTING AND COMMUNITY CONSENSUS: FIRST AND SECOND LEVEL EFFECTS

Esteban López-Escobar, Juan Pablo Llamas and Maxwell McCombs.

in International Journal of Public Opinion Research

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Communication Studies; Marketing; Media and Communication; Political Behaviour; Social Research and Statistics. 0 words.

This study explores two sets of hypotheses: An increment in media use for political information corresponds to (1) an increment in community consensus about social priorities (first level...

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James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist

Gerry Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Politics and Law. 832 words.

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist, was born at 24 John Street, Deptford, Kent, on 30 October 1866, the daughter of George James, journeyman...

Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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Using an online community for vehicle design: project variety and motivations to participate

Victor P. Seidel and Benedikt Langner.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Entrepreneurship; Transport. 10948 words.

Firms increasingly seek to use online communities as sources of ideas, innovations, and designs. However, many such open innovation efforts lack sustained participation and ultimately fail....

Neonatal Tetanus in Rural and Displaced Communities in the East Nile Province

Babiker El Mobasher Mustafa, Mohammed Ibrahim A. Omer, Muna Ibrahim Abdel Aziz and Zein El Abdein A. Karrar.

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

April 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Paediatrics; Antitrust Issues and Policies. 0 words.

A retrospective neonatal tetanus survey was conducted among rural and displaced communities in the East Nile Province in the Sudan. The results showed that neonatal tetanus was a major...

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Acute Respiratory Tract Infection: a Community-Based Intervention Study in Malaysia

M. S. Lye, Rama C. Nair, K. E. Choo, Hanjeet Kaur and K. P. F. Lai.

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

June 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Paediatrics; Antitrust Issues and Policies. 0 words.

A community-based intervention trial was conducted in Kelantan, Malaysia with the aim of reducing severe acute respiratory tract (ARI) infection in children. Interventions included health...

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Efficacy and Acceptability of Different Modes of Oxygen Administration in Children: Implications for a Community Hospital

Rohit Manoj Kumar, Sushil K. Kabra and Meharban Singh.

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

February 1997; p ublished online February 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Paediatrics; Antitrust Issues and Policies. 0 words.

Eighty under-five children admitted in the pediatric ward with acute respiratory distress requiring oxygen inhalation were prospectively studied. Oxygen was administered to all the children...

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Acute Respiratory Infections in Children: A Community-based Longitudinal Study in Rural Bangladesh

K. Zaman, A. H. Baqui, Yunus, R. B. Sack, O. M. Bateman, H. R. Chowdhury and R. E. Black.

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Paediatrics; Antitrust Issues and Policies. 0 words.

A community-based longitudinal study conducted in Matlab, a rural area in Bangladesh, investigated acute respiratory infections (ARI) among children. A cohort of 696 children under 5 years...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Ankle clonus and thiocyanate, linamarin, and inorganic sulphate excretion in school children in communities with konzo, Mozambique

J Cliff, D Nicala, F Saute, R Givragy, G Azambuja, A Taela, L Chavane and A Gani.

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

June 1999; p ublished online June 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Paediatrics; Antitrust Issues and Policies. 0 words.

We examined 397 school children for ankle clonus in five communities in three district affected by konzo, spastic paraparesis associated with cassava consumption. From a subsample of 131...

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Absolute Values or Z Scores of Mid-upper Arm Circumference to Identify Wasting? Evaluation in a Community as Well as a Clinical Sample of Under Fives from Nchelenge, Zambia

Hajo B. P. E. Gernaat, Wim H. J. C. Dechering and Henk W. A. Voorhoeve.

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

February 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Paediatrics; Antitrust Issues and Policies. 0 words.

The purpose of the study was to compare the use of absolute cut off values of the mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) with age– and sex-adjusted z scores of the MUAC in the identification of...

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Economic Development Prospects of Forest-Dependent Communities: Analyzing Trade-offs Using a Compromise-Fuzzy Programming Framework

Emina Krcmar and G. Cornelis van Kooten.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

November 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Primary Products; Demographic Economics; Renewable Resources and Conservation. 8370 words.

Many aboriginal communities look to forest resources for short- and long-term employment, adequate timber for mills, an even flow of wood fiber for community stability, and financial...

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Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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