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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist

Mike Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Performance Practice and Studies; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques. 1327 words.

Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist, was born on 13 July 1932 in Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Little is known of his early life. He...

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist

Gerry Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Politics and Law. 832 words.

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist, was born at 24 John Street, Deptford, Kent, on 30 October 1866, the daughter of George James, journeyman...

Marks, Michael (1859–1907), retailer and chain store founder

Gareth Shaw.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 832 words.

Marks, Michael (1859–1907), retailer and chain store founder, was born in Slonim, Russia, in June 1859, the youngest child of Mordecai Marks, a tailor, and his wife, Rebecca. His mother...

Rosee, Pasqua (fl. 1651–1656), coffee-house keeper

Brian Cowan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1555 words.

Rosee, Pasqua (fl. 1651–1656), coffee-house keeper, was probably born into the ethnic Greek community in Ragusa, Sicily, in the early seventeenth century. By 1651 Rosee had moved to Smyrna...

Bramley, Fred (1874–1925), trade unionist

Patrick Renshaw.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1284 words.

Bramley, Fred (1874–1925), trade unionist, was born on 27 September 1874 in the small community of Pool, near Otley, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the second of six children (four sons...

Wilson, Halena

Beth T. Bates.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1176 words.

Wilson, Halena (1895–15 April 1975), labor organizer, was born in Denver, Colorado. Little is known about her family or her early years. Wilson, whose first name was sometimes spelled...

Fisher, M. F. K.

E. D. Lloyd-Kimbrel.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 2226 words.

Fisher, M. F. K. (03 July 1908–22 June 1992), writer, was born Mary Frances Kennedy in Albion, Michigan, the daughter of Rex Brenton Kennedy, a newspaper editor, and Edith Oliver Holbrook,...

Brophy, John

Clyde W. Barrow.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1018 words.

Brophy, John (06 November 1883–19 February 1963), coal miner and union organizer, was born in St. Helens, Lancashire, England, the son of Patrick Brophy, a coal miner, and Mary Dagnall....

Leffingwell, Christopher

James P. Walsh.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Politics. 1107 words.

Leffingwell, Christopher (11 June 1734–07 November 1810), businessman and civic leader, was born in Norwich, Connecticut, the son of Benajah Leffingwell, one of the town’s wealthiest...

Lord, Cyril (1911–1984), carpet manufacturer

David Hunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 754 words.

Lord, Cyril (1911–1984), carpet manufacturer, was born on 12 July 1911 at 129 Moorside Street, Droylsden, Manchester, the son of Richard Lund Lord and his wife, Kate, née Hackney. His...

Hill, John (1863–1945), trade unionist

Alastair J. Reid.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 768 words.

Hill, John (1863–1945), trade unionist, was born at Bank Place, Govan, Glasgow, on 30 July 1863, the son of John Hill, a ship plater, and his wife, Matilda, née Taylor. He attended the...

Hartford, George Huntington

Geoffrey Gneuhs.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1293 words.

Hartford, George Huntington (05 September 1833–29 August 1917), cofounder of the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (A&P) grocery store chain, cofounder of the Great Atlantic and...

Tabor, Elizabeth Bonduel McCourt Doe

Ann T. Keene.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online March 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1358 words.

Tabor, Elizabeth Bonduel McCourt Doe (07 October 1854–07 March 1935), pioneer, was born Elizabeth Bonduel McCourt in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, the daughter of Peter McCourt, a shopkeeper, and...

Henry, Alice

Thomas Reimer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1062 words.

Henry, Alice (21 March 1857–14 February 1943), labor reformer, was born in Richmond, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, the daughter of Charles Ferguson Henry, an accountant, and Margaret...

Sylvis, William H.

Brian Greenberg.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1463 words.

Sylvis, William H. (28 November 1828–27 July 1869), labor leader, was born in Armagh, a Pennsylvania community of fewer than 150 persons located about fifty miles east of Pittsburgh, the...

Lilly, Eli

Ann T. Keene.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online April 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1552 words.

Lilly, Eli (08 July 1838–06 June 1898), pharmaceutical manufacturer, was born the eldest of eleven children on a family-owned plantation in Baltimore County, Maryland, to Gustavus Lilly, a...

Tveitmoe, Olaf Anders

David Vaught.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1380 words.

Tveitmoe, Olaf Anders (07 December 1865–19 March 1923), labor leader and editor, was born in Valdres, Norway, the son of Anders O. Sløte and Ingebjørg Anfinnsdatter Berge. His mother, who...

Shor, Toots

Bruce L. Janoff.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1533 words.

Shor, Toots (06 May 1903–23 January 1977), restaurateur and bon vivant, was born Bernard Shor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Abraham Schorr, a shirtmaker and cigar and candy...

Shanker, Albert

Edward L. Lach, Jr..

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online June 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1167 words.

Shanker, Albert (14 September 1928–22 February 1997), teacher and union leader, was born in New York City, the son of Morris Shanker, a union newspaper deliveryman and a former rabbinical...

Bellanca, August

Michelle Brattain.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1286 words.

Bellanca, August (14 March 1885–13 November 1969), trade union and political activist, was born in Sciacca, Sicily, Italy. His father was a farmer and a baker, but little else is known of...