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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community Preference Fields

W. M. Gorman.

Edited by C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks.

in Separability and Aggregation

January 1996; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 11562 words.

This is Gorman's first published paper and was published in Econometrica 21 in 1953. A series of formal relationships between community indifference maps and utility possibility maps are...

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Introduction: Mobility, Property, and Community

William A. Fischel.

in Making the Grade

November 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 4697 words.

This book focuses on public education and educational reforms. It has two connotations for school districts. The more obvious and contemporary is the demand for public schools to conform to...

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An ecological analysis of competition among US communities

Pino G. Audia and Jennifer Kurkoski.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Entrepreneurship; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Production and Organizations. 10688 words.

We apply the ecological concept of the organization's niche pioneered by John Freeman and Mike Hannan to the study of geographic communities. We define a community's market niche by the...

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Community Structure, Mobility, and the Strength of Norms in an African Society: The Sangu of Tanzania

Richard McElreath.

in Foundations of Human Sociality

March 2004; p ublished online January 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 6600 words.

Ultimatum Game results are presented from an African society, the Sangu of the Usangu Plains southwest Tanzania, with substantial internal economic variation. The study involved two...

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Self-Managed Work, Social Protection, and Community Development

Gonzalo Vázquez.

in Securing Livelihoods

November 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics; Economic Development and Growth. 5910 words.

This chapter analyses from a substantive economy perspective, the economic rationality of a self-managed workers’ enterprise—the UST cooperative on the periphery of Buenos Aires. It emerged...

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Distance as asset? Knowledge collaboration in hybrid virtual communities

Gernot Grabher and Oliver Ibert.

in Journal of Economic Geography

January 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 12353 words.

This article takes issue with the reification of proximity in the current debates about the geographies of knowledge production. It aims at developing a more differentiated view on the...

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How Business Community Institutions Can Help Fight Corruption

Avinash K. Dixit.

in The World Bank Economic Review

June 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Microeconomics; Analysis of Collective Decision-making; Law and Economics; Socialist Institutions and their Transitions; Other Economic Systems. 7691 words.

Collective action by the business community to counter corruption in the award of government licenses and contracts is analyzed, by analogy with contract enforcement institutions studied by...

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Risk Aversion: Experimental Evidence from South African Fishing Communities

Kerri Brick, Martine Visser and Justine Burns.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

January 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Renewable Resources and Conservation. 10799 words.

We estimate the risk attitudes of a large sample of individuals from various fishing communities along the west coast of South Africa. Female fishers and rights holders are found to be more...

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Epistemic communities, localization and the dynamics of knowledge creation

Patrick Cohendet, David Grandadam, Laurent Simon and Ignasi Capdevila.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Economic Sociology. 13116 words.

This article aims to clarify how epistemic communities dynamically shape the process of knowledge creation in a localized context and how the evolving interaction between different members...

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The Impacts of Local Markets: A Review of Research on Farmers Markets and Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)

Cheryl Brown and Stacy Miller.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

December 2008; p ublished online December 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Household Behaviour and Family Economics; Agricultural Economics. 4472 words.

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On a Class of Preference Fields

W. M. Gorman.

Edited by C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks.

in Separability and Aggregation

January 1996; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 2234 words.

This short note, published in Metroeconomica 13 (1961), begins with the assumption that the preferences of the consumer exhibit linear Engel curves, which were shown in ’Community...

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Zvi Griliches's Contributions to Economic Measurement

Jack E. Triplett.

in Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services

November 2007; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 7601 words.

This chapter presents a luncheon address at the conference by Jack E. Triplett. Triplett reviews the measurement problems on which Griliches worked; those on which he did not work directly...

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Organizational Change

Simon Domberger.

in The Contracting Organization

November 1998; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 9611 words.

This chapter and the previous three consider the alternative means through which a contracting strategy is devised and implemented. Chapter 8 discusses the problems of organizational change...

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The Rate of Growth of a Firm through Time

Edith Penrose.

in The Theory of the Growth of the Firm

September 1995; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 8227 words.

This chapter examines the factors causing changes in the rate of growth of firms as they become larger. The firm reaches a point at which its rate of growth tends to decline, its absolute...

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Relative Cohort Size and Fertility

Diane J. Macunovich.

in Birth Quake

May 2002; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 5911 words.

This chapter addresses the patterns of fertility among young women in the United States. It concentrates on the “price of time” model and the “relative income” model. Young couples in the...

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Launching Innovation into Legacy Sectors

William B. Bonvillian and Charles Weiss.

in Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors

October 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 8945 words.

This book proposes a five-step process for developing strategies for introducing innovation into legacy sectors. It tackles structural obstacles to innovation from research and development...

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Measuring Competence? Exploring Firm Effects in Drug Discovery

Rebecca Henderson and Iain Cockburn.

in The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

November 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 13554 words.

The chapter explores the role of ‘competence’ in pharmaceutical research. It provides support for the existence of sources of heterogeneity highlighted by the resource‐based view of the...

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A Solution Concept for Majority Rule in Dynamic Settings

B. D. Bernheim and S. N. Slavov.

in The Review of Economic Studies

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Analysis of Collective Decision-making. 18557 words.

We define and explore the notion of a Dynamic Condorcet Winner (DCW), which extends the notion of a Condorcet winner to dynamic settings. We show that, for every DCW, every member of a...

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Making the Grade

William A. Fischel.

November 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Microeconomics. 298 pages.

A significant factor for many people deciding where to live is the quality of the local school district, with superior schools creating a price premium for housing. The result is a “race to...

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Coalitional Effects on Reciprocal Fairness in the Ultimatum Game: A Case from the Ecuadorian Amazon

John Q. Patton.

in Foundations of Human Sociality

March 2004; p ublished online January 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Microeconomics. 9353 words.

Data are reported from an Ultimatum Game played in the community of Conambo, in a remote corner of the Ecuadorian Amazon, in the summer of 1998. The Conambo comprise two ethnic/political...

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