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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Neighborhood and Community Initiatives

Julia Burdick-Will and Jens Ludwig.

in Targeting Investments in Children

October 2010; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 8444 words.

This chapter reviews the available evidence about neighborhood-place effects on children's achievement outcomes, and the degree to which “place-based” policies might help improve outcomes...

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The European Community Commercial Policy

Patrick A. Messerlin.

in The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; International Economics; Public Economics. 12089 words.

The European Community (EC) is still a recent and ongoing process. Fifty years is a short time span for such an endeavor. It is strictly an economic process because a straightforward...

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Community Associations at Middle Age: Considering the Options

Robert H. Nelson.

in The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Public Economics; Health, Education, and Welfare. 11618 words.

This article surveys what has been a leading development for American housing and local governance of the past half century: the meteoric rise of community associations. These...

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Public policy, community ownership and clean energy

Robert Pollin.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

November 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Energy Economics; Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise; Development Planning and Policy; National Government Expenditures and Related Policies. 10682 words.

This paper considers policies for promoting productive investments in the USA, especially as regards the project of building a clean energy economy. The four main policies examined are (i)...

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Is Social Capital the Capital of the Poor? The Role of Family and Community in Helping Insure Living Standards against Health Shocks

Paul Gertler, David I. Levine and Enrico Moretti.

in CESifo Economic Studies

September 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Economics. 14296 words.

We estimate the effect of social capital on the ability of households to insure consumption after unexpected negative shocks. Many theoretical models argue that strong ties to extended...

Alternative Scenarios in the Context of Sustainable Development

Samir KC and Wolfgang Lutz.

in World Population and Human Capital in the Twenty-First Century

August 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 12343 words.

Chapter 12 presents the implications of this book’s population and human capital projections for studying long-term population–environment interactions. These projections are framed in the...

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GLOBALISATION AND THE REGULATION OF FDI: NEW PROPOSALS FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND JAPAN

Ajit Singh.

in Contributions to Political Economy

August 2005; p ublished online August 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Economic Thought; Public Economics; Political Economy. 9696 words.

The key analytical and policy question examined in this paper is whether multinational companies and their overseas investment need to be regulated at the national and/or at the...

Evaluating England's ‘New Deal for Communities’ programme using the difference-in-difference method

Roxana Gutiérrez Romero and Michael Noble.

in Journal of Economic Geography

November 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Planning and Policy; Publicly Provided Goods; Regional Government Analysis; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies. 8153 words.

The New Deal for Communities (NDC) programme was designed to bridge the gap in living standards between 39 of the most deprived neighbourhoods in England and the rest of the country. This...

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How Does Suburbanization Affect Local Public Finance and Communities?*

JunJie Wu.

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Household Analysis; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 3069 words.

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Communitarianism

Ian Malcolm David Little.

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics

October 2002; p ublished online August 2004 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 1012 words.

Communitarians claim that individuals do not exist apart from society, and that communities have a moral value that is independent of individuals. It is held that philosophers such as Rawls...

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College Aid

David Deming and Susan Dynarski.

in Targeting Investments in Children

October 2010; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 7888 words.

Students who enter college but drop out without a degree are an important target for those who wish to increase educational attainment. Dropout rates are especially high at community...

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Communitarianism

Gavin Mooney.

in Challenging Health Economics

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 8012 words.

This chapter examines the philosophy of communitarianism, arguing that this can be used as a basis for the values on which to build the proposed new paradigm for health economics. It points...

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Collective Utility and Welfare

Ian Malcolm David Little.

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics

October 2002; p ublished online August 2004 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 2872 words.

Normative economics is mainly concerned with the welfare of communities. Somehow the happiness or utility of individuals has to be compared, and amalgamated or added up. The status of the...

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The Economics of Tax Policy

Edited by Alan J. Auerbach and Kent Smetters.

April 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Public Economics. 400 pages.

Through advances in economic theory, econometric technique, and data quality and access, recent contributions have greatly advanced our knowledge of the effects of tax policy on the...

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Food Insecurity In The West Bank

Elisa Cavatorta and Sam Waples.

in Food Security in the Middle East

November 2014; p ublished online December 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 6335 words.

This chapter explores the spatial patterns of food insecurity in the West Bank region of the Palestinian Territories, and how community-level factors, such as environmental aspects and...

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Urban areas

Alexander Betts, Louise Bloom, Josiah Kaplan and Josiah Naohiko.

in Refugee Economies

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 8765 words.

This chapter explores urban refugee economies through the case of the Ugandan capital, Kampala. It first describes the lives and settlement patterns of communities across the city, then...

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The Need for a New Paradigm

Gavin Mooney.

in Challenging Health Economics

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 7786 words.

This chapter focuses on the need for a shift in the health economics paradigm. It identifies the requirements of a new paradigm shift which includes a move from individuals' values to...

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Competition and Economic Performance: A Brief Review of the Literature

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok and Christian Wey.

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

June 2006; p ublished online May 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 885 words.

Theory is not ambiguous about the impact of competition on economic performance. Empirical evidence, however, suggests that competition raises productivity. Both policy-makers and the...

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Factors Critical for Improving Intergenerational Mobility

Yue Chim Richard Wong.

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

February 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 2360 words.

Failure to appreciate theimportant fact that poverty propagated itself in the absence of a parent or a social program that had time to help young childrenhas allowed child poverty to...

Go to Hong Kong University Press »  abstract

The role of innovation

Alexander Betts, Louise Bloom, Josiah Kaplan and Josiah Naohiko.

in Refugee Economies

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 8681 words.

This chapter revisits one of the central themes in the book’s conceptual framework: the role of refugee agency in refugee economies. It explores how refugees innovate in their...

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