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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

East African Community

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 273 words.

A regional economic and political organization consisting of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. The original East African Community...

Southern African Development Community

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 213 words.

A regional economic community that is headquartered in Botswana. Established in 1992, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) was founded to foster...

Economic Community of West African States

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 270 words.

An economic and political regional body covering fifteen countries in West Africa. The Economic Community of West African States (...

political tribalism

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 120 words.

The manipulation of ethnic identity, whereby it is transformed into a kind of nationality in which leaders play on a community’s fear of losing out to other ...

ukubosha

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 14 words.

A slang term for a bribe, commonly used by Bemba-speaking communities in Zambia.

Gacaca courts

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 207 words.

A system of community justice used in Rwanda between 2001 and 2012 to try suspected perpetrators of the 1994 *...

Asian settlers

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 521 words.

Individuals and communities from the Asian continent that have settled in sub-Saharan Africa, most notably from China (see Sino–African relations...

moral ethnicity

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 113 words.

A system of moral meaning rooted the way in which individuals within an *ethnic group understand what it means to belong to, and fulfil one’s role within, a given community. The term was...

baraza

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 37 words.

A community meeting, often led by a *chief or *traditional leader. The term baraza also refers to the place at which meetings are held and is a Swahili word commonly used in East Africa....

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West African CFA franc

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 210 words.

The official currency of eight West African nations, namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. CFA stands for Communauté Financière Africaine...

elders

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 130 words.

A social category of those who, through age and the accumulation of wisdom, are seen to be particularly well qualified to provide counsel and leadership to their communities. Becoming an...

vigilante

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 129 words.

A citizen who takes on aspects of law enforcement in their community with no official legal authority. Vigilante groups are often composed of young men and emerge in contexts in which the...

our turn to eat

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 165 words.

A saying used by communities and political leaders who feel that they have been excluded from political power that is particularly common in Kenya. The reference to ‘eating’ plays on the...

kgotla

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 152 words.

A specific form of public meeting, community council, or traditional court of law in Botswana. The term may also apply to a place in which such meetings are held and originates from the...

politics of belonging

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 309 words.

A form of political mobilization or argument based on the claim that a specific community belongs to a certain place and therefore should have privileged rights to economic resources and...

power-sharing

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 212 words.

A form of inclusive government in which different leaders and parties share power, effectively including the different ethnic and religious groups that support them in the government,...

Big Man

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 88 words.

A leader capable of wielding significant authority over their own ethnic community and parts of the political system. The term ‘Big Man’ plays on the fact that corporeal size is often...

ethnic group

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 225 words.

A community that shares the same *ethnicity, i.e. a common culture, heritage, and background, underpinned by a shared language and in some cases attachment to a particular piece of...

donor darling

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 71 words.

A country that is in favour with international *donors, either because it has closely followed their prescriptions or because the challenges that it faces are a particularly good fit with...

African solutions to African problems

Nicholas Cheeseman.

in A Dictionary of African Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Politics. 95 words.

A phrase coined by the political economist George Ayittey. It was originally used by Ayittey in a critique of the actions of the international community in Somalia, in order to suggest...