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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Gewirth: community, rights, values

Lynn Dobson.

in Supranational Citizenship

May 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 4885 words.

This chapter provides an analytical discussion of some major themes in Gewirth's Community of Rights and Self-Fulfillment. The focus of the chapter is on how rights- and duty-bearing agents...

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Identity, nation and community

Katy Hayward.

in Irish Nationalism and European Integration

March 2009; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 14905 words.

This chapter examines the conceptualisation of identity in Irish official discourse in relation to the definition of the Irish ‘nation’ and the European ‘community’. ‘Nation’ and...

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The Community Method

Giandomenico Majone.

in Dilemmas of European Integration

March 2005; p ublished online February 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 9332 words.

The Community system is not based on separation of powers but on representation of interests. Each European institution is the bearer of a particular, national or supranational interest,...

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A Political Community?

Angelika Scheuer.

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

June 1999; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 6528 words.

This chapter is the first of four on the question of legitimacy in the EU, and deals with the core question of whether and to what extent the citizens of the EU have grown together into a...

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Belgian Federalism and the European Community

Liesbet Hooghe.

in The European Union and the Regions

May 1995; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 10650 words.

Belgian constitutional reforms have gradually converted the state into a federation. Regions and language communities have extensive rights of representation in European matters.

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National Courts and Community Law

Paul P. Craig.

in Governing Europe

March 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 11483 words.

An examination is made of the way in which national courts have reacted to European Community law, in particular to the claim to supremacy over national law contained in the jurisprudence...

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The Triumph of Community Europe

Craig Parsons.

in Origins and Evolution of the European Union

February 2014; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 9044 words.

This chapter examines the competition of ideas in France for intra-European cooperation in the 1950s, ranging from traditional intergovernmental arrangements to the sharing of national...

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Spanish Regions in the European Community

Francesc Morata.

in The European Union and the Regions

May 1995; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 6482 words.

Regional devolution and entry into Europe followed quickly from the democratic transition in Spain. Spanish governments have been reluctant to allow regions direct access to Europe but some...

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From Community to Diverse Union

Giandomenico Majone.

in Dilemmas of European Integration

March 2005; p ublished online February 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 9197 words.

Since the Treaty on European Union, it has become clear that the process of European integration moves along several paths, of which the Community path is the best known, but not...

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The Role of the Community

Simon J. Nuttall.

in European Foreign Policy

June 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 12357 words.

This chapter examines the role of the European Community (EC) in the debate concerning the future common foreign and security policy in Europe. It highlights the formation of the G24 and...

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European Political Co-operation and the Community

Simon J. Nuttall.

in European Political Co-operation

July 1992; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 8017 words.

This chapter discusses the interaction between the European Political Co-operation (EPC) and the European Community (EC). One of the best examples of the use of Community instruments to...

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Security community and security governance: a framework of inclusion and exclusion

Mark Webber.

in Inclusion, Exclusion and the Governance of European Security

March 2007; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 13477 words.

This chapter explores how different forms of inclusion and exclusion relate to a broader system of security relations in post-Cold War Europe. In so doing, it utilises the notion of...

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The PSOE and the European Community: from Isolation to Integration

Paul Kennedy.

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain

September 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 10390 words.

Chapter 3 focuses on Spain's relations with the European Community up until membership was achieved under the PSOE in 1986. The justification for including this material is that the PSOE –...

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The ‘Other’ European Communities and the Origins of the European Economic Community (the Early 1950s to the 1960s)

Ian Bache, Simon Bulmer, Stephen George and Owen Parker.

in Politics in the European Union

November 2014; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 8504 words.

This chapter focuses on the ‘other’ European communities and the origins of the European Economic Community (EEC). Negotiations over a plan for a European Defence Community (EDC) ran...

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Institution‐Building from Below and Above: The European Community in Global Environmental Politics

Alberta M. Sbragia.

in European Integration and Supranational Governance

September 1998; p ublished online April 2004 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 10128 words.

The environmental policy domain presents an instructive case study of the balance of policy‐making competence as between the European Community as a supranational entity and the national...

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The First Years of the European Economic Community (the 1960s and into the 1970s)

Ian Bache, Simon Bulmer, Stephen George and Owen Parker.

in Politics in the European Union

November 2014; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 7115 words.

This chapter focuses on the first years of the European Economic Community (EEC). It describes the early 1960s as a period of apparent success for the supranational elements within the EEC,...

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1946–2001

Malcolm Anderson.

in In Thrall to Political Change

August 2011; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 16075 words.

This chapter examines the influence of the social and political environment on police and policing in France between 1946 and 2001. It begins with the liberation of French territory after...

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The Integration Paradox and the Rise of New Intergovernmentalism

Uwe Puetter.

in The European Council and the Council

September 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 14269 words.

European integration since the 1992 Treaty of Maastricht has been characterized by an integration paradox. The review of key institutional choices at Maastricht and beyond demonstrates that...

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Deliberative Intergovernmentalism and Institutional Change

Uwe Puetter.

in The European Council and the Council

September 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 14670 words.

Deliberative intergovernmentalism as a novel analytical framework in the field of integration theory focuses on understanding the new intergovernmentalism in EU policy-making and the...

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Italian Regions in the European Community

Carlo Desideri.

in The European Union and the Regions

May 1995; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 8562 words.

Italian regionalism has become more important with the demise of the old system of extraordinary intervention and the rise of the Northern League. Regions are demanding more powers to cope...

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