Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Social Theory x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Community

Zachary P. Neal.

in Sociology

P ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 7975 words.

Community is a broad topic within sociology, the social sciences generally, and indeed even in the natural and physical sciences. This bibliography focuses primarily on human communities,...

Community Policing

Wesley G. Skogan.

in Police and Community in Chicago

December 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 7175 words.

Community policing is the most important development in law enforcement in the past quarter century. Cities across the country report that they are moving toward this new model, which...

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Community contexts

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson.

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

August 2006; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 7456 words.

This chapter reviews the current state of knowledge about the community characteristics that foster gang development. In doing so, it recognizes several key issues and limitations within...

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Imprisoning Communities

Todd R Clear.

July 2007; p ublished online May 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Social Theory. 280 pages.

At no time in history, and certainly in no other democratic society, have prisons been filled so quickly and to such capacity than in the United States. And nowhere has this growth been...

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The Terrain of Community

Steve Herbert.

in Citizens, Cops, and Power

April 2006; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 9789 words.

This chapter compares normative visions of community with those articulated by residents. It explains the reasons behind the resilience of community as a social and political ideal and...

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Representing the Community

Wesley G. Skogan.

in Police and Community in Chicago

December 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 13882 words.

In Chicago's community-policing model, beat meetings are the vehicle for grassroots consultation and collaboration between police and the community. At the meetings, the two sides are to...

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Involving the Community

Wesley G. Skogan.

in Police and Community in Chicago

December 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 13734 words.

A central feature of community policing is the breadth and variety of avenues it provides for citizen participation. The public may be expected to be proactive—to act independently on...

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Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Communities to Shape Hate Crime Policy

Marian Duggan.

in Responding to hate crime

May 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 4253 words.

Two decades of research, scholarship and activism have enhanced awareness of, and responses to, varied forms of targeted victimisation in the UK. Those working in and around the area of...

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Communities that Care

Abigail A. Fagan, J. David Hawkins, David P. Farrington and Richard F. Catalano.

December 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Social Theory; Urban and Rural Studies. 368 pages.

Evidence-based, prevention-oriented, and community-driven approaches are advocated to improve public health and reduce youth behavior problems, but there are few effective models for doing...

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Civic engagement and community participation

Cormac Behan.

in Citizen convicts

July 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 12988 words.

This chapter examines the level of active citizenship in prison based on the interviews with 50 prisoners. Recognising that citizenship encompasses more than just rights and...

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The Political Status of Community

Steve Herbert.

in Citizens, Cops, and Power

April 2006; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 9735 words.

This chapter explores the political capacity of community in greater depth. It reviews the four factors the residents cited most frequently to explain the political lightness of community:...

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The Unbearable Lightness of Community

Steve Herbert.

in Citizens, Cops, and Power

April 2006; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 5652 words.

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on community policing. It suggests a need to rethink policing as a reform movement. It explains that the potential of community of...

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Police and Community in Chicago

Wesley G. Skogan.

December 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Social Theory. 358 pages.

Highly popular with both the public and political leaders, community policing is the most important development in law enforcement in the last twenty-five years. But does it really work?...

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Peer, school, and community prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh.

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime

November 2006; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 6205 words.

This chapter evaluates the effectiveness of early peer, school, and community interventions in preventing delinquency and later offending. The findings reveal that the community-based...

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Communities, Coercive Mobility, and Public Safety

Todd R. Clear.

in Imprisoning Communities

July 2007; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 8067 words.

This chapter argues that high levels of incarceration can damage social networks and social capital, increasing disorganization by impeding other forms of control. It explains that high...

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Socioeconomic, Peer, School, and Community Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh.

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime

November 2006; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 4091 words.

This chapter examines the importance of socioeconomic factors as predictors of offending and reviews peer, school, and community influences. The findings reveal that offenders usually come...

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The Impact of Incarceration on Community Safety

Todd R. Clear.

in Imprisoning Communities

July 2007; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 8644 words.

This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical studies on the impact of incarceration on community safety and it also notes that these studies sought to test empirically the coercive...

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Prison Community, Prison Conditions, and Gendered Harm

Barbara Owen, James Wells and Joycelyn Pollock.

in In Search of Safety

January 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 10583 words.

Chapter 3 examines the prison conditions and the prison community which contribute to women’s fears over safety while confined. Conditions of material scarcity, substandard living quarters,...

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Participatory mapping and engagement with urban water communities

Özlem Edizel and Graeme Evans.

in The Impact of Co-Production

November 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory. 5330 words.

This chapter focuses on the application of cultural ecosystems mapping as a participatory, co-produced visualisation and engagement method. Using a case study of the Lee Valley in London,...

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American Exceptionalism in Community Supervision

Edward E. Rhine and Faye S. Taxman.

in American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

December 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Theory; Comparative and Historical Sociology. 16763 words.

This chapter explores whether the concept of American exceptionalism applies to the discourse and conduct of community supervision in its main variant—probation—when comparing the United...

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