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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Cosmopolitanism

William Smith.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

January 2013; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Philosophy. 10920 words.

Cosmopolitanism refers to the ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality. A cosmopolitan community might be based on an inclusive morality, a...

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Ethics of Peacebuilding

Reina C. Neufeldt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Philosophy. 8586 words.

The proliferation of international peacebuilding practice in the 2000s was accompanied by a series of questions that has produced a significant body of writing about peacebuilding ethics...

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Ethical Aspects of Migration Flows

Alexandria Innes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political Philosophy. 12171 words.

A comprehensive review of the scholarly literature that considers ethical questions surrounding human migration flows across international borders covers themes of membership and belonging,...

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Communitarianism

Will Kymlicka.

in Contemporary Political Philosophy

September 2001; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 38061 words.

This chapter examines communitarianism and its central assumptions. It first considers two strands of communitarian thought: one camp argues that community should be seen as the source of...

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The Sophists

Peter Nicholson.

in Political Thinkers

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 10732 words.

This chapter deals with the Sophists, a new kind of professional intellectual and teacher in ancient Greece who debated fundamental questions concerning human life, and particularly...

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Power

David Owen.

in Issues in Political Theory

December 2014; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 10680 words.

This chapter examines the roles that the concept of power play in the understanding of politics as well as the different modes of power. Recent political theory has seen a variety of views...

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Political authority and obligation

Keith Hyams.

in Issues in Political Theory

December 2014; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 11463 words.

This chapter examines the various approaches that political theorists have used to answer questions surrounding political authority and obligation. It considers arguments in favour of...

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Socialism and communism

John Gregson.

in Political Ideologies

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 14186 words.

This chapter examines the basic features of socialism and communism. Socialism is a complex ideology with numerous variants that are often strongly opposed to each other on one or more...

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Multiculturalism

Paul Wetherly.

in Political Ideologies

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 15017 words.

This chapter examines the evolution of cultural diversity, a concept of multiculturalism, as an ideology. Aside from cultural diversity, multiculturalism has three other inter-related...

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Nationalism

Mark Langan.

in Political Ideologies

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 14156 words.

This chapter examines the key ideas and concepts of nationalism as ideology. It first defines nationalism and considers how the nation is socially constructed as an imagined community. It...

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The Early Marx

Lawrence Wilde.

in Political Thinkers

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 8817 words.

This chapter examines Karl Marx's work prior to 1846, with particular emphasis on his concept of alienation. Although Marx borrows heavily from Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and from Ludwig...

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Burke

David Boucher.

in Political Thinkers

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 12761 words.

This chapter examines Edmund Burke's political thought. It first provides a short biography of Burke before discussing the three main interpretations of him: first, as a utilitarian;...

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Marsiglio of Padua

Cary J. Nederman.

in Political Thinkers

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Political Philosophy. 8145 words.

This chapter examines Marsiglio of Padua's political theory, tracing it to his opposition to the pope's interference in secular political affairs, especially Italy and the Holy Roman...

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