Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Medicine and Health x Arts and Humanities x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community, Public Health and Resource Allocation

Timothy M. Wilkinson.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 3516 words.

If ‘community’ is the answer, what is the problem? While questions undoubtedly arise in allocating resources to public health, such as ‘how much?’ and ‘to whom?’, we already have answers...

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The Place of Community in Medical Encounters*

D. Micah Hester.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Disease and injury creates a break between the individual and the community which compromises the individual's status within the community as well as the integrity of the self as a...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker

Kenneth E. Collins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Medicine and Health; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 1068 words.

Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a...

Community-Based Planning and the New Public Health

John W Murphy and Berkeley Franz.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2017; p ublished online November 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5709 words.

Abstract

Social planners have begun to recognize that communities are an important resource for solving many problems. Understanding local norms and values is...

Singh, Diwan (1894–1983), doctor and Sikh community leader

Bhupinder Singh Bance.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Sikhism. 950 words.

Singh, Diwan (1894–1983), doctor and Sikh community leader, was born in the village of Takhatpari, Punjab, India, in 1894, the eldest son of Sardar Seva Singh and his wife, Ram Rakhi Kaur....

Involving Communities in Deciding What Benefits They Receive in Multinational Research

David Wendler and Seema Shah.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7402 words.

There is wide agreement that communities in lower-income countries should benefit when they participate in multinational research. Debate now focuses on how and to what extent these...

Being Able to Learn: Researching the History of a Therapeutic Community

Elaine Boyling.

in Social History of Medicine

April 2011; p ublished online December 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 3591 words.

This article uses grounded theory methods to research the history of a therapeutic community and highlights the possibilities of ‘being able to learn’ as an aim for history of medicine...

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Quest and Question: Suffering and Emulation in the LDS Community

Courtney S. Campbell.

in Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality

August 1996; p ublished online August 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Christian Life and Practice. 0 words.

This essay draws on the formative stories of suffering in the Latter-day Saint faith community to affirm that suffering is an invitation to discern the revelation of sacred presence. The...

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Rawls and Religious Community: Ethical Decision Making in the Public Square

Glenn Gentry.

in Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Christian Life and Practice. 0 words.

While most people may initially agree that justice is fairness, as an evangelical Protestant I argue that, for many religious comprehensive doctrines, the Rawlsean model does not possess...

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Rawls and Religious Community: Ethical Decision Making in the Public Square

Glenn Gentry.

in Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Christian Life and Practice; Medical Ethics. 0 words.

While most people may initially agree that justice is fairness, as an evangelical Protestant I argue that, for many religious comprehensive doctrines, the Rawlsean model does not possess...

Working with Concepts: The Role of Community in International Collaborative Biomedical Research

V. M. Marsh, D. K. Kamuya, M. J. Parker and C. S. Molyneux.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8740 words.

The importance of communities in strengthening the ethics of international collaborative research is increasingly highlighted, but there has been much debate about the meaning of the term...

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What They Mean by “Good Science’: The Medical Community's Response to Boutique Fetal Ultrasounds

Michal S. Raucher.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2009; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7389 words.

Since 1994, when the first fetal imaging boutique appeared in Texas, many sites have been established around the country for parents to receive nonmedical fetal imaging using three- and...

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Why Communities and Their Goods Matter: Illustrated with the Example of Biobanks

Heather Widdows and Sean Cordell.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8527 words.

It is now being recognized across the spectrum of bioethics, and particularly in genetics and population ethics, that to focus on the individual person, and thereby neglect communities and...

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Community, the Common Good, and Public Healthcare—Confucianism and its Relevance to Contemporary China

Ellen Zhang.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5545 words.

Traditional Chinese culture, Confucianism, in particular, has a non-individualist conception of what it is to be human. It conceives of people fundamentally as members of social...

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Investigating ‘Community’ through a History of Responses to Asbestos-Related Disease in an Australian Industrial Region

Cecily Hunter and Anthony D. LaMontagne.

in Social History of Medicine

August 2008; p ublished online June 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 8819 words.

Summary

The government of the State of Victoria has been slow to acknowledge the social costs of asbestos-related diseases (ARD) in the Latrobe Valley....

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‘The dangers attending these conditions are evident’: Public Health and the Working Environment of Lancashire Textile Communities, c.1870–1939

Janet Greenlees.

in Social History of Medicine

November 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 11478 words.

This article examines the position of the working environment within public health priorities and as a contributor to the health of a community. Using two Lancashire textile towns (Burnley...

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Working Together? Medical Professionals, Gay Community Organisations and the Response to HIV/AIDS in Australia, 1983–1985

Shirleene Robinson and Emily Wilson.

in Social History of Medicine

August 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 8695 words.

This article provides an in-depth analysis of the relationship between gay men, community organisations and the medical profession between 1983 and 1985 in Australia, a period when the key...

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‘I should have thought that Wales was a wet part of the world’: Drought, Rural Communities and Public Health, 1870–1914

Keir Waddington.

in Social History of Medicine

August 2017; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 12647 words.

Summary

From 1884 onwards, Britain experienced a series of major droughts, which reached their peak in the ‘Long Drought’ (1890–1909). Despite being imagined...

‘Big White Chief’, ‘Pontius Pilate’, and the ‘Plumber’: The Impact of the 1967 Abortion Act on the Scottish Medical Community, c.1967–1980

Gayle Davis and Roger Davidson.

in Social History of Medicine

August 2005; p ublished online August 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 12632 words.

The social history of abortion law reform and its aftermath have, in recent years, attracted increasing attention from historians, sociologists, and political scientists. However, previous...

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Care in the Community of the Mentally Disordered: The Case of the Guardianship Society, 1900–1939

Louise Westwood.

in Social History of Medicine

April 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; History of Medicine. 7879 words.

Summary

The independent, charitable Guardianship Society began providing foster-care for children with mental and physical disabilities in...

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