Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 33 items for:

community x Medicine and Health x Bioethics and Medical Ethics x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community, Public Health and Resource Allocation

Timothy M. Wilkinson.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 3516 words.

If ‘community’ is the answer, what is the problem? While questions undoubtedly arise in allocating resources to public health, such as ‘how much?’ and ‘to whom?’, we already have answers...

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Community-Based Planning and the New Public Health

John W Murphy and Berkeley Franz.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2017; p ublished online November 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5709 words.

Abstract

Social planners have begun to recognize that communities are an important resource for solving many problems. Understanding local norms and values is...

Working with Concepts: The Role of Community in International Collaborative Biomedical Research

V. M. Marsh, D. K. Kamuya, M. J. Parker and C. S. Molyneux.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8740 words.

The importance of communities in strengthening the ethics of international collaborative research is increasingly highlighted, but there has been much debate about the meaning of the term...

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Why Communities and Their Goods Matter: Illustrated with the Example of Biobanks

Heather Widdows and Sean Cordell.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8527 words.

It is now being recognized across the spectrum of bioethics, and particularly in genetics and population ethics, that to focus on the individual person, and thereby neglect communities and...

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Community, the Common Good, and Public Healthcare—Confucianism and its Relevance to Contemporary China

Ellen Zhang.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5545 words.

Traditional Chinese culture, Confucianism, in particular, has a non-individualist conception of what it is to be human. It conceives of people fundamentally as members of social...

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Assuring Adequate Protections in International Health Research: A Principled Justification and Practical Recommendations for the Role of Community Oversight

David Buchanan, Sibusiso Sifunda, Nasheen Naidoo, Shamagonam James and Priscilla Reddy.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2008; p ublished online June 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7478 words.

The analysis presented here lays out the ethical warrants for requiring community oversight of health research conducted in international settings. It reviews the inadequacies with the...

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Governing Well in Community-Based Research: Lessons from Canada’s HIV Research Sector on Ethics, Publics and the Care of the Self

Adrian Guta, Stuart J Murray, Carol Strike, Sarah Flicker, Ross Upshur and Ted Myers.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2017; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8984 words.

Abstract

In this paper, we extend Michel Foucault’s final works on the ‘care of the self’ to an empirical examination of research practice in community-based...

Exploring the Ethics of Long-Term Research Engagement With Communities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Adnan A. Hyder, Carleigh B. Krubiner, Gerald Bloom and Abbas Bhuiya.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2012; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5633 words.

Over the past few decades, there has been increasing attention focused on the ethics of health research, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the increasing focus on...

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Referral of Research Participants for Ancillary Care in Community-Based Public Health Intervention Research: A Guiding Framework

Maria W. Merritt, Joanne Katz, Ramin Mojtabai and Keith P. West.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 9929 words.

Researchers conducting large community-based studies among underserved populations may collect data on health conditions that are little-acknowledged in the local setting, and for which...

The Concept of Community in Bioethics

David Hunter and Jacob Leveridge.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 1241 words.

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Global Child Health Ethics: Testing the Limits of Moral Communities

Avram Ezra Denburg.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 12625 words.

This article attempts to map the broad ethical and legal contours of global child health realities. Its interest is in international duties to reduce disparities in the health of children....

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Obesity, Identity and Community: Leveraging Social Networks for Behavior Change in Public Health

Norah Mulvaney-Day and Catherine A. Womack.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7360 words.

Obesity is a public health problem influenced by behavioral patterns that span an ecological spectrum of individual-level factors, social network factors and environmental factors. Both...

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Public Mental Health Ethics: Helping Improve Mental Health for Individuals and Communities

Diego S Silva, Cynthia Forlini and Carla Meurk.

in Public Health Ethics

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 2639 words.

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Public Health and Normative Public Goods

Richard H Dees.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5006 words.

Abstract

Public health is concerned with increasing the health of the community at whole. Insofar as health is a ‘good’ and the community constitutes a...

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The Ethical Commitments of Health Promotion Practitioners: An Empirical Study from New South Wales, Australia

Stacy M. Carter, Christiane Klinner, Ian Kerridge, Lucie Rychetnik, Vincy Li and Denise Fry.

in Public Health Ethics

July 2012; p ublished online August 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7034 words.

In this article, we provide a description of the good in health promotion based on an empirical study of health promotion practices in New South Wales, the most populous state in Australia....

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Intertwining Biomedical Research and Public Health in HIV Microbicide Research

Ruth Macklin.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7663 words.

Finding an effective microbicide that could substantially lower women’s risk of acquiring HIV infection is an ethical imperative. Women and girls continue to be disproportionally affected...

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Reshaping the Ethics of Suicide Prevention: Responsibility, Inequality and Action on the Social Determinants of Suicide

Scott J Fitzpatrick.

in Public Health Ethics

July 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7859 words.

Abstract

Value judgements in research and political decision-making that exclude evidence for the social determinants of suicide suggest that evidence is not...

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Fair Process and the Redundancy of Bioethics: A Polemic

Richard Ashcroft.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 4669 words.

Recent doctrine in both national and international organisations concerned with public health planning and resource allocation has it that direct ethical justification of substantive...

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The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in the Ethical Aspects of Pandemic Flu Planning—Lessons Learned from the Toronto SARS Experience

Halley S. Faust, Cécile M. Bensimon and Ross E. G. Upshur.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2009; p ublished online February 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5029 words.

Are restrictive measures and duties to care ethically reasonably acceptable to faith-based organizations? This study describes the perceptions of individually interviewed spiritual leaders...

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On the Analogy Between Infectious Diseases and War: How to Use it and not to Use it

Giovanni De Grandis.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 9652 words.

In spite of extensive criticisms, war metaphors are still widespread in medical discourse. In the domain of public health analogies between war and infectious diseases are rooted in the...

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