Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 1,812 items for:

community x Medicine and Health x Immunology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Protecting the Community Through Child Vaccination

Evan J Anderson, Michael A Daugherty, Larry K Pickering, Walter A Orenstein and Ram Yogev.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 5508 words.

Abstract

The direct impact of vaccines on children is well described, but the major public health impact of indirect protection provided to the community by...

Community Permission for Medical Research in Developing Countries

Dapa A. Diallo, Ogobara K. Doumbo, Christopher V. Plowe, Thomas E. Wellems, Ezekiel J. Emanuel and Samia A Hurst.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 2005; p ublished online July 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2712 words.

The realization of the need for community consent, or more accurately community permission, for research has occurred relatively recently. Practical experience with it is scarce. This...

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Community-Acquired Legionella Pneumonia: New Insights from the German Competence Network for Community Acquired Pneumonia

Heike von Baum, Santiago Ewig, Reinhard Marre, Norbert Suttorp, Susanne Gonschior, Tobias Welte and Christian Lück.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

May 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3994 words.

Background . The Competence Network for Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAPNETZ) offers a unique opportunity to study the epidemiology of...

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Novel Prevention Program for Trichinellosis in Inuit Communities

Proulx Jean-François, J. Dick MacLean, W. Gyorkos Theresa, Leclair Daniel, Richter Anne-Katrin, Serhir Bouchra, Forbes Lorry and A. Gajadhar Alvin.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

June 2002; p ublished online June 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4532 words.

Repeated outbreaks of trichinellosis caused by the consumption of Trichinella-infected walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) meat, which have sometimes led to serious morbidity, have stimulated Inuit...

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Treatment as Prevention: Arriving at Community Consensus

Gus Cairns, A. Cornelius Baker, Nikos Dedes, Anna Zakowicz and Brian West.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4182 words.

At a satellite meeting preceding the 2013 Controlling the HIV Epidemic With Antiretrovirals evidence summit in London, England, a group of organizations and advocates discussed and...

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Risk Factors Associated with Community-Onset CRE Colonization

Stephen Blatt, Tamara Bininashvilli and Jenni Steinbrunner.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Carbapenem-resistance is an emerging threat to the healthcare system and is challenging the...

Tuberculosis Transmission to Young Children in a South African Community: Modeling Household and Community Infection Risks

Robin Wood, Simon Johnstone-Robertson, Pieter Uys, John Hargrove, Keren Middelkoop, Stephen D. Lawn and Linda-Gail Bekker.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4338 words.

Background. Tuberculosis transmission is determined by contact between infectious and susceptible individuals. A recent study reported a 4% annual...

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Implementing Antimicrobial Stewardship in Two Community Nepali Hospitals

Michael P Veve, Linda M Kaljee, Tyler Prentiss, Rajesh Dhoj Joshi, Shankar Man Rai, Basudha Shrestha, Deepak Chandra Bajracharya and Marcus J Zervos.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) are crucial to improving patient outcomes and...

Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

J. Todd Weber.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2005; p ublished online August 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2751 words.

Historically, infection with strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which are usually multidrug-resistant, has been acquired by persons in hospitals, nursing homes,...

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Transmission Elasticity in Communities Hyperendemic for Tuberculosis

Pieter Uys, Ben J. Marais, Simon Johnstone-Robertson, John Hargrove and Robin Wood.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

June 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3592 words.

Backround.  Despite consistently meeting international performance targets for tuberculosis case detection and treatment success, areas where...

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Elderly

Thomas T. Yoshikawa and Thomas J. Marrie.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

October 2000; p ublished online October 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 11055 words.

Pneumonia in the elderly is a common and serious problem with a clinical presentation that can differ from that in younger patients. Older patients with pneumonia complain of significantly...

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Community-Acquired Listeria monocytogenes Meningitis in Adults

Matthijs C. Brouwer, Diederik van de Beek, Sebastiaan G. B. Heckenberg, Lodewijk Spanjaard and Jan de Gans.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

November 2006; p ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3546 words.

Background . Listeria monocytogenes is the third most common cause of bacterial meningitis.

Methodsnull...

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Community-Acquired Recurrent Bacterial Meningitis in Adults

Kirsten S. Adriani, Diederik van de Beek, Matthijs C. Brouwer, Lodewijk Spanjaard and Jan de Gans.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

September 2007; p ublished online September 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3623 words.

Background . Community-acquired recurrent bacterial meningitis in adults is a relatively rare disease. All previous data were derived from small...

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Antibiotic Utilization and Antimicrobial Stewardship in Community Hospitals

Abrar Thabit, Katherine Shea, Oscar Guzman and Kevin W Garey.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Overthe use of antibiotics has been associated with the emergence of antibiotic resistance....

Community-level analysis of risk of vector-borne disease

Jennifer Orme Zavaleta and Philippe A. Rossignol.

in Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

October 2004; p ublished online October 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Medical Microbiology and Virology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 4376 words.

Abstract

Ecological community structure is particularly important in vector-borne zoonotic diseases with complex life cycles. Qualitative community model...

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Origins of Community Strains of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Edwin D. Charlebois, Françoise Perdreau-Remington, Barry Kreiswirth, David R. Bangsberg, Daniel Ciccarone, Binh A. Diep, Valerie L. Ng, Kimberly Chansky, Brian Edlin and Henry F. Chambers.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 2004; p ublished online July 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4267 words.

To characterize methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains circulating in the community, we identified predictors of isolating community MRSA and genotyped a sample of MRSA...

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Heterosexual Transmission of Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Heather A. Cook, E. Yoko Furuya, Elaine Larson, Glenny Vasquez and Franklin D. Lowy.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

February 2007; p ublished online February 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2533 words.

Heterosexual transmission of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has not been documented. As part of a survey conducted in northern Manhattan, we...

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Need and Potential of Antimicrobial Stewardship in Community Hospitals

Edward J. Septimus and Robert C. Owens.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2011; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3781 words.

Preventing, reducing, and controlling the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant organisms is a major public health challenge requiring the participation of the entire medical community and...

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Mass Antibiotic Treatment and Community Protection in Trachoma Control Programs

Jaya D. Chidambaram, Muluken Melese, Wondu Alemayehu, Elizabeth Yi, Tisha Prabriputaloong, David C. Lee, Vicky Cevallos, Zhaoxia Zhou, John P. Whitcher, Bruce D. Gaynor and Thomas M. Lietman.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

November 2004; p ublished online November 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2078 words.

Azithromycin is highly effective against trachoma, but the practical difficulties of community-wide distribution often leave many individuals untreated. We demonstrate, after mass...

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Burden of Community-Onset Escherichia coli Bacteremia in Seniors

Lisa A. Jackson, Patti Benson, Kathleen M. Neuzil, Marcus Grandjean and Jennifer L. Marino.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

May 2005; p ublished online May 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3996 words.

BackgroundAlthough Escherichia coli is a well-recognized cause of urinary tract infection in seniors, little is known about the burden of invasive E. coli infection in this...

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