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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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The “Drugs-Crime Nexus”

Dominique de Andrade.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 6738 words.

The prioritization of imprisonment as a response to drug use in many countries has led to growing prison populations, with little impact on drug use, drug-related harm, or drug-related...

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Cocaine, Methamphetamine, and Other Stimulants

Darius A. Rastegar and Michael I. Fingerhood.

in The American Society of Addiction Medicine Handbook of Addiction Medicine

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 11680 words.

Stimulants are sympathomimetic substances that include cocaine, methamphetamine, and cathinones. Acute effects include tachycardia, elevated blood pressure, and euphoria. High doses of...

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Non-Pharmacological Therapies for Substance Use Disorders

Michael F. Weaver.

in The American Society of Addiction Medicine Handbook on Pain and Addiction

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Addiction Medicine; Psychiatry. 3359 words.

In conjunction with chapters 16 and 17, which described non-pharmacological approaches to pain management, this chapter reviews the available non-pharmacological approaches to substance use...

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Drug Use and Prison

Joanne Csete, Rick Lines and Ralf Jürgens.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 4693 words.

This chapter discusses protections of the health-related rights of prisoners that are encoded in widely ratified human rights instruments and in guidelines for which there is broad...

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Drug Treatment for Prisoners

Kate Dolan, Zahra Alam-Mehrjerdi and Babak Moazen.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 5577 words.

Globally more than 10.2 million people are held in prisons on any given day, of whom 10% to 48% of males and 30% to 60% of females are estimated to be drug-dependent. Rates of incarceration...

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Substance Use and Consequences Among People Who Have Been Incarcerated

Ingrid A. Binswanger and Andrea K. Finlay.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 6363 words.

This chapter explores how the transition from prison to the community can lead to poor health outcomes, especially substance-related health complications. These adverse health effects may...

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Tobacco Use Among Prisoners

Jennifer Clarke and Manasa Reddy.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 6061 words.

Despite substantial reductions in the population prevalence of cigarette smoking in many developed countries, smoking remains normative among prisoners throughout the developed world....

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Misuse of benzodiazepines

Sarah Welch and Michael Farrell.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 3598 words.

There is a valuable role for benzodiazepines, and a need for vigilance and care in their use, as well as active recognition and management of those who are dependent. However, there is a...

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Opioid Overdose Education, Prevention, and Management

Bernd Wollschlaeger.

in The American Society of Addiction Medicine Handbook on Pain and Addiction

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Addiction Medicine; Psychiatry. 4314 words.

In reviewing the elements of opioid overdose education, prevention, and management, this chapter focuses particularly on practical interventions that are available and deserve advocacy;...

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Services for alcohol use disorders

D. Colin Drummond.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 8313 words.

The alcohol treatment field has seen considerable change over the past 30 years. Some of this has been evidence based, and some has been largely politically driven, particularly in the...

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Recidivism

Faye S. Taxman and Mary Mun.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 4211 words.

High rates of rearrest and recidivism, especially among drug-involved individuals, are of grave concern for the justice system and society at large. This chapter looks at the factors...

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Preventing Drug-Related Death in Recently Released Prisoners

Julie Brummer, Lars Møller and Stefan Enggist.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 7043 words.

The mortality risk for recently released prisoners is alarmingly high. These individuals, especially in the first 2 weeks following release, are at an increased risk for death compared with...

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Harm Reduction in Prisons

Kathryn Snow and Michael Levy.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 5090 words.

Interventions intended to minimize the harms of injecting drug use, particularly drug overdose and exposure to blood-borne viruses, have a long history of implementation in some community...

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The Perfect Storm

Haider A. Al-Darraji and Frederick L. Altice.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 7849 words.

Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people who use drugs (PWUD), particularly those co-infected with HIV. This chapter describes how TB is...

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Understanding the Risk Environment Surrounding Drug Use in Prisons

Will Small and Ryan McNeil.

in Drug Use in Prisoners

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 6322 words.

Qualitative research is uniquely positioned to advance understanding of the role of social and structural factors in shaping drug use and drug-related harms in prison settings and following...

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Assessing need and organizing services for drug misuse problems

John Marsden, Colin Bradbury and John Strang.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 5347 words.

In the present decade, there has been substantial investment in drug misuse treatment thereby expanding the workforce, the capacity of the treatment system and leading to reduced waiting...

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Getting by

Bruce K. Alexander.

in The Globalization of Addiction

March 2010; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Pharmacology; Addiction Medicine. 7580 words.

Chapter 11 discusses ‘getting by’, and explores the seven types of ‘getting by’: resolute conventionality, resolute unconventionality, participating in a concocted community, political...

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Whatever Happened to the Decade of Pain Control and Research?

John J. Coleman.

in Prescription Drug Diversion and Pain

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Addiction Medicine. 14811 words.

This chapter discusses how the pharmaceutical industry’s actions affected the accomplishments of the Decade of Pain Control and Research, which began on January 1, 2001, following almost...

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Psychosocial Treatment Approaches for Substance Use

Lynn McFarr, Julie Snyder, Lisa Benson and Rachel Higier.

in Integrative Addiction and Recovery

September 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Addiction Medicine; Psychiatry. 7498 words.

Multiple psychosocial treatments for substance-use disorders have been studied for efficacy. A recent meta-analysis indicates that psychosocial interventions are effective across multiple...

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Interaction of Spirituality and Religion with Health, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse

Bruce Y. Lee, Andrew B. Newberg and Shahla J. Modir.

in Integrative Addiction and Recovery

September 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Addiction Medicine; Psychiatry. 7197 words.

Medical and scientific communities have become interested in the effects of religion on health, mental health, and substance abuse. Coverage of the interplay of religion and health is more...

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