Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 605 items for:

community x Medicine and Health x Public Health x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Rural Communities

Ryan P. Peirson and Paulette Marie Gillig.

in A Case-Based Approach to Public Psychiatry

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Psychiatry. 3326 words.

Rural environments provide many challenges and opportunities to psychiatrists and their patients. Although telemedicine is a growing option in some communities, access to mental health care...

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Community-Based Participatory Research

Barbara A. Israel, Amy J. Schulz, Chris M. Coombe, Edith A. Parker, Angela G. Reyes, Zachary Rowe and Richard L. Lichtenstein.

in Urban Health

May 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 4849 words.

The study of urban populations must be grounded in the realities of local communities. Much as many insights of urban health are generalizable to the health of cities worldwide, local...

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Learning with the community

Ted Lankester.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 10757 words.

This chapter describes basic principles of the Participatory Appraisal (PA), including techniques such as focus groups, semi-structured interviews, and mapping. It describes how to...

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Community-based health care

Ted Lankester.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 9437 words.

This chapter sets the background and context for the rest of the book. It talks about the history and progress of community-based health care (CBHC), and the many emerging challenges we now...

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Strengthening Communities and the Roles of Individuals in Building Community Life

Robert E. Aronson, Kay Lovelace, John W. Hatch and Tony L. Whitehead.

in Social Injustice and Public Health

August 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Public Health. 7502 words.

Strengthening communities and the roles of individuals in building community life can help prevent disease and disability and expand resources for promoting social justice. The chapter...

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Helping communities to manage disaster risk

Joel Hafvenstein and Jonathan Stone.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 6075 words.

This chapter describes how to manage disaster risk and how community-level action is essential when organizing any emergency response action. It outlines the types of hazards that...

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Working as partners with the community

Ted Lankester.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 8726 words.

This chapter explains how to make first contacts with the community. It describes partnership as the basis of all programme stages and explores factors that obstruct partnership. It covers...

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Disability and community-based rehabilitation

Nathan Grills and Jubin Varghese.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 5115 words.

This chapter explains the causes, types, and importance of disability, and ways in which needs of those with disability can be met through community-based rehabilitation (CBR). It explains...

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The NCI Community Cancer Centers Program

Arnold D. Kaluzny, Donna M. O’Brien and Joy M. Beveridge.

in Managing Disruptive Change in Healthcare

July 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 12668 words.

This chapter describes the development of the NCCCP concept, the rationale for designing the program as a public–private partnership, strategies for launching the pilot program, and how...

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Transforming Cancer Care in the Community

Donna M. O’Brien, Mary L. Fennell and Arnold D. Kaluzny.

in Managing Disruptive Change in Healthcare

July 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 8552 words.

Healthcare in general and cancer care in particular are facing a new reality—a reality focused on successfully expanding access and bringing value-based healthcare to all cancer patients....

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Community palliative and home-based care

Mhoira Leng.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 11070 words.

This chapter discusses palliative, or home-based, care, an often-neglected area of community health. It explains the nature of palliative care, when it is needed, and who requires it. It...

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The community health worker (CHW)

Ted Lankester.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 15434 words.

This chapter explores current thinking about community health workers (CHWs), their roles, functions, and how they are selected. It gives details on CHW training, including course duration,...

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Community Foundations of Public Health

Franklin White, Lorann Stallones and John Last.

in Global Public Health

February 2013; p ublished online February 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Public Health. 13398 words.

Communities play a critical role in their health and, to be effective, public health decision-makers and practitioners must be fluent in this role. The key to involvement of communities...

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Strengthening Communities and the Roles of Individuals in Building Community Life

Robert E. Aronson, Kay Lovelace, John W. Hatch and Tony L. Whitehead.

in Social Injustice and Public Health

August 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Epidemiology; Public Health. 9148 words.

Strengthening communities and the roles of individuals in building community life can help prevent disease and disability and expand resources for promoting social justice. This chapter...

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Community Action in Informal Settlements

David Satterthwaite.

in Ensuring a Sustainable Future

September 2013; p ublished online February 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Public Health. 9398 words.

Community-led initiatives have the potential to greatly improve environmental health inequalitiesin urban settings. The chapter reviews theenvironmental health and equity challenges facing...

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Community-Centered Health Homes: Bridging Health Care Services and Community Prevention

Leslie Mikkelsen, Rea Pañares and Larry Cohen.

in The Practical Playbook II

May 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 3330 words.

This chapter looks at prevention and public health. Preventing illness and injury in the first place has the potential to be a powerful component of a country's strategy to improve...

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Addressing Community Trauma and Building Community Resilience to Prevent Opioid Misuse and Addiction

Sheila Savannah, Dana Fields-Johnson, Ruben Cantu, Sana Chehimi, Alexis Captanian and Karmen Kurtz.

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 3391 words.

Any strategy to end the opioid epidemic must include recognizing and addressing the role of widespread individual and community trauma and the need for solutions that build protective...

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Setting up community mental health (CMH) programmes

Julian Eaton.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 7443 words.

This chapter explains why mental health is important for well-being and community development and briefly gives the history of mental health services in low- and middle-income countries. It...

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Community-level responses to domestic violence and abuse

Peter Grant and Amanda Marshall.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 8916 words.

This chapter explains the nature and cause of domestic abuse and sexual violence including female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and summarizes the latest research. It describes ways of...

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Setting up and improving a community health clinic

Ted Lankester.

in Setting up Community Health and Development Programmes in Low and Middle Income Settings

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health. 13341 words.

This chapter explores how to set up and develop community health clinics which not only treat illness but become a focus for health promotion and community involvement. It encourages...

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