Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 41 items for:

community x Medicine and Health x Public Policy x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Place of Community in Medical Encounters*

D. Micah Hester.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Disease and injury creates a break between the individual and the community which compromises the individual's status within the community as well as the integrity of the self as a...

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Involving Communities in Deciding What Benefits They Receive in Multinational Research

David Wendler and Seema Shah.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7402 words.

There is wide agreement that communities in lower-income countries should benefit when they participate in multinational research. Debate now focuses on how and to what extent these...

What They Mean by “Good Science’: The Medical Community's Response to Boutique Fetal Ultrasounds

Michal S. Raucher.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2009; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7389 words.

Since 1994, when the first fetal imaging boutique appeared in Texas, many sites have been established around the country for parents to receive nonmedical fetal imaging using three- and...

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Health Care for Children: A Community Perspective

Daniel Callahan.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

There are two puzzles about health care for children that need explanation. Why is it the sentimentality Americans express about children has not been backed by solid health care programs?...

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Pragmatic Bioethics and the Big Fat Moral Community

Griffin Trotter.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

By articulating a Peircean strain of bioethical inquiry, Elizabeth Cooke admirably attempts to avert the anti-realism, subjectivism and focus on consensus that afflict much so-called...

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Euroscreen 2: Towards Community Policy on Insurance, Commercialization and Public Awareness

Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jørgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle and Urban Wiesing.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The project Euroscreen 2 has examined genetic screening and testing with particular reference to implications for insurance, commercialization through marketing of genetic tests direct to...

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The Patentability of Human Genes: An Ethical Debate in the European Community

Jose Elizalde.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The European Parliament rejected in 1995 the European Commission proposal to harmonize legal protection of biotechnological inventions. Although it did not seem initially the most...

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The Best Laid Plans: Resistant Community and the Intrepid Vision in the History of Managed Care Medicine

Laurie Zoloth.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1999; p ublished online January 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

In the move to critique managed care, the essential principles that first made it a reasonable alternative to fee-for-service medicine can easily be lost. Careful reflection on the history...

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The Social Isolation Impact Project: Motion Picture & Television Fund Engages the Industry and Community in Staying Connected

Connie Corley, Maureen Feldman and Scott Kaiser.

in Public Policy & Aging Report

January 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law and Society; Geriatric Medicine; Public Policy; Care of the Elderly; Gerontology and Ageing. 1064 words.

Bioethics and Politics: “Doing Ethics” in the Public Square

Edmund D. Pellegrino.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

“Hence it is necessary for a Prince wishing to hold his own to know how to do wrong and to make use of it according to necessity.”—Machiavelli

“Every state is a community of some...

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The Noncompliant Patient: A Kantian and Levinasian Response

Paul Burcher.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

February 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7053 words.

When a patient fails to follow the advice or prescription of a physician, she is termed to be “noncompliant” by the medical community. The medical community’s response to and understanding...

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Clarifying the Discussion on Brain Death

T. Forcht Dagi and Rebecca Kaufman.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Definitions of death are based on subjective standards, priorities, and social conventions rather than on objective facts about the state of human physiology. It is the meaning assigned to...

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HIV Vaccine Trial Participation in South Africa – An Ethical Assessment

Keymanthri Moodley.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Trial participation in the proposed HIV Vaccine Trials in South Africa is discussed in the context of the ethical tension that exists between international ethical research standards and...

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Problems and the Potential Direction of Reforms for the Current Individual Medical Savings Accounts in the Chinese Health Care System

Xiangjin Kong, Yang Yang, Fuqing Gong and Mingjie Zhao.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

December 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 4857 words.

Individual health savings accounts are an important part of the current basic medical insurance system for urban workers in China. Since 1998 when the system of personal medical insurance...

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Jewish Bioethics?

Mark Levin and Ira Birnbaum.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2000; p ublished online January 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

“Jewish Bioethics” as currently formulated has been criticized as being of parochial concern, drawing on obscure methodology, employing an authoritarian (and, to the modern mind,...

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A Map to a New Treasure Island: The Human Genome and the Concept of Common Heritage

Christian Byk.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

While the 1970's have been called the environmental years, the 1990's could be seen as the genome years. As the challenge to map and to sequence the human genome mobilized the scientific...

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Toward Understanding Aspects of the Precautionary Principle

Carl F. Cranor.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The idea of a precautionary principle (or precautionary principles) is beginning to come to the wider attention of the environmental community, governmental agencies, regulatory agencies,...

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Freedom-Costs of Canonical Individualism: Enforced Euthanasia Tolerance in Belgium and the Problem of European Liberalism

Corinna Delkeskamp-Hayes.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Belgium's policy of not permitting Catholic hospitals to refuse euthanasia services rests on ethical presuppositions concerning the secular justification of political power which reveal the...

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Medicine, Morality, and Mortality: The Challenges of Moral Diversity

Mark J. Cherry.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 4905 words.

This issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy assesses the deep and abiding tensions that exist among the competing epistemic perspectives that bear on medicine and...

Dignity, Health, and Membership: Who Counts as One of Us?

Bryan C. Pilkington.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

April 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7776 words.

This essay serves as an introduction to this issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. The five articles in this issue address a range of topics from the human embryo and substantial...