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community x Food Microbiology x Dietetics and Nutrition x clear all

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations Are Associated with Computed Tomography Markers of Subclinical Interstitial Lung Disease among Community-Dwelling Adults in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Samuel M Kim, Di Zhao, Anna J Podolanczuk, Pamela L Lutsey, Eliseo Guallar, Steven M Kawut, R Graham Barr, Ian H de Boer, Bryan R Kestenbaum, David J Lederer and Erin D Michos.

in The Journal of Nutrition

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6500 words.

Abstract

Background

Activated vitamin D has anti-inflammatory properties. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency...

Using a Community-Based Early Childhood Development Center as a Platform to Promote Production and Consumption Diversity Increases Children's Dietary Intake and Reduces Stunting in Malawi: A Cluster-Randomized Trial

Aulo Gelli, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Natalie Roschnik, Aisha Twalibu, Mangani Katundu, Helen Moestue, Harold Alderman and Marie Ruel.

in The Journal of Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 8529 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Children in Malawi face nutritional risks related to low-quality diets and chronic malnutrition.

null...

Autism spectrum disorder and food neophobia: clinical and subclinical links

Gregory L Wallace, Clare Llewellyn, Alison Fildes and Angelica Ronald.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5485 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been linked with eating- and feeding-related atypicalities,...

Large-Scale Social and Behavior Change Communication Interventions Have Sustained Impacts on Infant and Young Child Feeding Knowledge and Practices: Results of a 2-Year Follow-Up Study in Bangladesh

Sunny S Kim, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Lan Mai Tran, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Mohammad Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel and Purnima Menon.

in The Journal of Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6861 words.

Abstract

Background

Sustained improvements in infant and young child feeding (IYCF) require continued...

Scientific rigor and credibility in the nutrition research landscape

Cynthia M Kroeger, Cutberto Garza, Christopher J Lynch, Esther Myers, Sylvia Rowe, Barbara O Schneeman, Arya M Sharma and David B Allison.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 10767 words.

ABSTRACT

Scientific progress depends on the quality and credibility of research methods. As discourse on rigor, transparency, and reproducibility joins the...

Snacking Recommendations Worldwide: A Scoping Review

Monika Potter, Antonis Vlassopoulos and Undine Lehmann.

in Advances in Nutrition

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 8925 words.

Abstract

Across the globe, dietary habits include the consumption of foods and drinks between main meals. Although often described as “snacks” or “snacking,”...

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Backpack Programs and the Crisis Narrative of Child Hunger—A Critical Review of the Rationale, Targeting, and Potential Benefits and Harms of an Expanding but Untested Model of Practice

Maryah S Fram and Edward A Frongillo.

in Advances in Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6762 words.

Abstract

In recent years, school-based food backpack programs (BPPs) have come into national prominence as a response to a perceived crisis of child hunger in...

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Vitamin D Status and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Yadollah Khoshbakht, Reza Bidaki and Amin Salehi-Abargouei.

in Advances in Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6874 words.

Abstract

An association between vitamin D and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been proposed by several researchers in recent years;...

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Delivering Vitamin A Supplements to Children Aged 6–59 Months: Comparing Delivery through Campaigns and through Routine Health Services in Senegal

Susan Horton, Lauren S Blum, Mamadou Diouf, Banda Ndiaye, Fatou Ndoye, Khadim Niang and Alison Greig.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

April 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 7662 words.

Abstract

Background

Using twice-yearly campaigns such as Child Health Days to deliver vitamin A supplements has...

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Narrative Review of Culinary Interventions with Children in Schools to Promote Healthy Eating: Directions for Future Research and Practice

Henna Muzaffar, Jessica J Metcalfe and Barbara Fiese.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6774 words.

Abstract

Policymakers, scientists, and food and nutrition practitioners suggest that there is a societal decline in culinary skills, which is predictive of...

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Dietary fiber intervention on gut microbiota composition in healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Daniel So, Kevin Whelan, Megan Rossi, Mark Morrison, Gerald Holtmann, Jaimon T Kelly, Erin R Shanahan, Heidi M Staudacher and Katrina L Campbell.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 12158 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Dysfunction of the gut microbiota is frequently reported as a manifestation of chronic...

Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices Improved in 2 Districts in Nepal during the Scale-Up of an Integrated IYCF and Micronutrient Powder Program

Lindsey M Locks, Pradiumna Dahal, Rajkumar Pokharel, Nira Joshi, Naveen Paudyal, Ralph D Whitehead, Stanley Chitekwe, Zuguo Mei, Bikash Lamichhane, Aashima Garg and Maria Elena Jefferds.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 11851 words.

Abstract

Background

Three-quarters of the ≥50 programs that use micronutrient powders (MNPs) integrate MNPs into...

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The PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)

Hui Zuo, Grethe S Tell, Per M Ueland, Ottar Nygård, Stein E Vollset, Øivind Midttun, Klaus Meyer and Arve Ulvik.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5352 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is altered during inflammation and immune activation. It is unknown...

An 18-mo randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of DHA-rich fish oil to prevent age-related cognitive decline in cognitively normal older adults

Vanessa Danthiir, Diane E Hosking, Ted Nettelbeck, Andrew D Vincent, Carlene Wilson, Nathan O'Callaghan, Eva Calvaresi, Peter Clifton and Gary A Wittert.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

May 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6520 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Fish oil trials in cognitively healthy older adults have yielded inconsistent results....

Higher spermidine intake is linked to lower mortality: a prospective population-based study

Stefan Kiechl, Raimund Pechlaner, Peter Willeit, Marlene Notdurfter, Bernhard Paulweber, Karin Willeit, Philipp Werner, Christoph Ruckenstuhl, Bernhard Iglseder, Siegfried Weger, Barbara Mairhofer, Markus Gartner, Ludmilla Kedenko, Monika Chmelikova, Slaven Stekovic, Hermann Stuppner, Friedrich Oberhollenzer, Guido Kroemer, Manuel Mayr, Tobias Eisenberg, Herbert Tilg, Frank Madeo and Johann Willeit.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6315 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Spermidine administration is linked to increased survival in several animal models.

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Cholecalciferol or 25-Hydroxycholecalciferol Supplementation Does Not Affect Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Prefrail and Frail Older Adults

Anouk M M Vaes, Michael Tieland, Nicole Toussaint, Rachel Nilwik, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon and Lisette C P G M de Groot.

in The Journal of Nutrition

May 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6577 words.

Abstract

Background

Vitamin D supplementation is proposed as a potential treatment strategy to counteract...

Short-Term Overfeeding with Dairy Cream Does Not Modify Gut Permeability, the Fecal Microbiota, or Glucose Metabolism in Young Healthy Men

Beate Ott, Thomas Skurk, llias Lagkouvardos, Sandra Fischer, Janine Büttner, Martina Lichtenegger, Thomas Clavel, Andreas Lechner, Michael Rychlik, Dirk Haller and Hans Hauner.

in The Journal of Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6893 words.

Abstract

Background

High-fat diets (HFDs) have been linked to low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance.

null...

Comparative Models of Biological and Social Pathways to Predict Child Growth through Age 2 Years from Birth Cohorts in Brazil, India, the Philippines, and South Africa

Linda M Richter, F Mark Orkin, Gabriela D Roman, Darren L Dahly, Bernardo L Horta, Santosh K Bhargava, Shane A Norris and Aryeh D Stein.

in The Journal of Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5491 words.

Abstract

Background

Early growth faltering accounts for one-third of child deaths, and adversely impacts the health...