Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 128 items for:

community x Business and Management x Innovation x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Trust and Community

Charles Heckscher.

in Trust in a Complex World

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 7639 words.

This chapter argues for the importance of community in general as the foundation of trust, essential to resolving the enormously complex problems we face. It also outlines the three basic...

Go to »  abstract

How Firms Leverage Crowds and Communities for Open Innovation

Joel West and Jonathan Sims.

in Creating and Capturing Value through Crowdsourcing

March 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; Business Strategy. 14928 words.

There are many similarities in how firms pursuing an open innovation strategy can utilize crowds and communities as sources of external innovation. At the same time, the differences between...

Go to »  abstract

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

Go to »  abstract

Epistemic communities, European Union governance and the public voice

Anthony R Zito.

in Science and Public Policy

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

This article presents a theoretical examination of the role that expert groups, particularly ‘epistemic communities’ and ‘advocacy coalitions’, play in the European Union (EU) process. It...

Go to »  abstract

Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

Go to »  abstract

Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

Go to »  abstract

Tensions in the research council-research community relationship

Magnus Gulbrandsen.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Research councils have often met difficult balancing acts, for instance between basic and applied research, disciplinary and cross-disciplinary work, and trade-off decisions about review...

Go to »  abstract

Epistemic communities and two goals of delegation: hormone growth promoters in the European Union

Claire A Dunlop.

in Science and Public Policy

April 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

The delegation literature tells us that decision-makers delegate power to agents to achieve efficiency or credibility (or both). Critically, however, the successful delivery of each of...

Go to »  abstract

From community to ‘collaboratory’? The Human Genome Mapping Project and the changing culture of science

Peter Glasner.

in Science and Public Policy

April 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

There have been several sociological attempts to conceptualise the scientific community initially based on the customary view of science developed by Merton. In extending these accounts,...

Go to »  abstract

The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

Go to »  abstract

The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

Go to »  abstract

Brain drain of the scientific community of developing countries: the case of Sri Lanka

M U M Anas and Seetha I Wickremasinghe.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Many Asian developing countries face an increasing drain of their scientific community as a current challenge. This study identifies the trends in Sri Lanka and investigates the nature and...

Go to »  abstract

Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

Go to »  abstract

Community of learning, practice and collaboration

Juan D Rogers.

in Science and Public Policy

November 2006; p ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Go to »  abstract

Community stewardship and inclusive decision-making

Sharon McKenzie Stevens.

in Science and Public Policy

October 2003; p ublished online October 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Go to »  abstract

The New Skill Production System: Policy Challenges and Solutions in Manufacturing Labor Markets

Andrew Weaver and Paul Osterman.

in Production in the Innovation Economy

January 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation. 11871 words.

This chapter draws on results from chapter 2 and additional fieldwork to suggest policy responses to the state of employment skills demands in blue-collar manufacturing. The authors argue...

Go to The MIT Press »  abstract

Economic Institutions from Networks

Victor Nee and Sonja Opper.

in Re-Imagining Economic Sociology

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation. 10077 words.

Economic institutions enabling trust and cooperation rest on multiplex networks and norms of reciprocity. A key feature of economic institutions is that they facilitate commercial...

Go to »  abstract

Comedy Vigilantes

Kal Raustiala and Christopher Jon Sprigman.

in The Knockoff Economy

December 2012; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation. 10535 words.

This chapter looks at how creativity and copying work in the world of stand-up comedy. The world of comedy provides important insights into how some creative communities develop social...

Go to »  abstract

Information for Innovation

Stuart Macdonald.

December 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Innovation. 308 pages.

Information is not taken seriously. Much is said about the information age, the information economy, the information society, and particularly about information technology, but little about...

Go to »  abstract

An Environment for Entrepreneurs

Edward B. Roberts.

in Entrepreneurs in High Technology

November 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation. 7235 words.

To determine what encourages young local scientists and engineers to follow entrepreneurial paths in the Greater Boston area, this chapter provides a broad discussion of the influences of...

Go to »  abstract