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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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European Economic Community

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Financial Institutions and Services.

The European common market set up in 1957 by the six member states of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC); i.e. Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and The...

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Andean Community

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Financial Institutions and Services.

(CAN)

An association of South American nations set up in 1969 to enhance economic cooperation. The original members were Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela;...

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader

Geoffrey Alderman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Banking; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 1998 words.

Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso...

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Agricultural protection and support in the European Economic Community, 1962–92: rent-seeking or welfare policy?

Mark Spoerer.

in European Review of Economic History

May 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 9225 words.

The European Economic Community's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has found a lot of scholarly attention. While economists stress the irrationality of the CAP and explain its striking...

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Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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Introduction: The heterogeneity of innovation—evidence from the Community Innovation Surveys

Jan Fagerberg, David C. Mowery and Paul Nightingale.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 2144 words.

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Frederic Seebohm

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — History.

(1833–1912).

His The English Village Community (1883) was enormously influential in the development of local agrarian studies.

See overview in Oxford Index

Mercosur

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services — World History.

(Portuguese name Mercosul)

A regional trade organization in South America, whose full title is the Southern Cone or South American Common Market. Founded in March 1991, with the...

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Bilocca [née Marshall], Lillian [Lil] (1929–1988), trawler safety campaigner

Brian W. Lavery.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics. 1412 words.

Bilocca [née Marshall], Lillian [Lil] (1929–1988), trawler safety campaigner, was born in a 'two-up, two-down' at 7 Welton Terrace, Wassand Street, Hull, Yorkshire, in the city's Hessle...

The Importance of Being British

David Thackeray.

in Forging a British World of Trade

February 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 16129 words.

From the 1880s onwards the Colonial Conferences and empire chamber of commerce movements promoted ‘British World’ trade connections and schemes for imperial preference in particular. Much...

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Buying for Britain, China, or India?

David Thackeray.

in Forging a British World of Trade

February 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 15536 words.

Chapter 3 seeks to gain a clearer understanding of the language, reach, and limits of competing patriotic trade campaigns in the Empire-Commonwealth during the 1920s and 1930s. Efforts to...

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Van Rensselaer, Martha

Edward L. Lach, Jr..

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Household Behaviour and Family Economics. 958 words.

Van Rensselaer, Martha (21 June 1864–26 May 1932), home economist, was born in Randolph, Cattaraugus County, New York, the daughter of Henry Killian Van Rensselaer, a shopkeeper, and his...

Introduction

David Thackeray.

in Forging a British World of Trade

February 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 7753 words.

Forging a British World of Trade explores the politics of culture, ethnicity, and market in the Empire-Commonwealth between the 1880s and 1970s, focusing on efforts to promote...

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Coda. 1886–1932–1973–2016

David Thackeray.

in Forging a British World of Trade

February 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 3923 words.

The outcome of the 2016 EU referendum fits into a wider pattern of historical change. At various points since the 1880s, hopes placed in the economic future of regional blocs have reshaped...

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The Spanish Naval Contractor State and Entrepreneurs

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 10420 words.

This chapter shows that entrepreneurs played a much bigger role in naval supplies than has traditionally been thought. They took in all types of supplies such as wood, cannons, and coal,...

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