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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The United States Department of Agriculture, 1900–1945

Anne Effland.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Economic History. 12032 words.

President Abraham Lincoln signed the law that established the Department of Agriculture in 1862 and in 1889, President Grover Cleveland signed the law that raised the Department to Cabinet...

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The Counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s

Blake Slonecker.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Economic History; US Cultural History. 11340 words.

In the decade after 1965, radicals responded to the alienating features of America’s technocratic society by developing alternative cultures that emphasized authenticity, individualism, and...

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Fur Trades

Carolyn Podruchny and Stacy Nation-Knapper.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Early 19th Century US History; Economic History; Native American History. 14965 words.

From the 15th century to the present, the trade in animal fur has been an economic venture with far-reaching consequences for both North Americans and Europeans (in which North Americans of...

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Richardson, Thomas

Arthur J. Worrall.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 873 words.

Richardson, Thomas (10 September 1680–28 April 1761), merchant and Rhode Island treasurer, was born in New York. Richardson’s early life and parentage are uncertain. By the early eighteenth...

Leisler, Jacob

David William Voorhees.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2203 words.

Leisler, Jacob (bap. 31 March 1640), merchant and de facto lieutenant governor of New York, was born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, the son of Rev. Jacob Victorian Leisler, minister of the...

Ashley, William Henry

David J. Wishart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1130 words.

Ashley, William Henry (1778–26 March 1838), fur trader and politician, was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia. His parents are unknown, and there is no definitive record of his early...

Laurens, Henry

C. James Taylor.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2209 words.

Laurens, Henry (24 February 1724–08 December 1792), planter-merchant and revolutionary war statesman, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of John Laurens, a saddler, and Esther...

Telfair, Edward

Harvey H. Jackson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 725 words.

Telfair, Edward (1735–17 September 1807), merchant and politician, was born in “Town Head,” Scotland, of unknown parents. He arrived in Georgia in 1766, joining his brother, William, who...