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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Regional integration and trade liberalization in the Southern African development community

C Ng'ong'ola.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

Member States of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have recently ratified the Protocol establishing a free trade area. This is one of many integration or trading arrangements...

The WTO Enabling Clause and Positive Conditionality in the European Community's GSP Program

Lorand Bartels.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2003; p ublished online June 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

Like virtually all developed countries, the European Community grants special trade preferences to developing countries by way of a generalized scheme of preferences, known as a GSP program....

China Today: Why Its Accession to the World Trade Organization is Inevitable and Good for the International Community

Edieth Y. Wu.

in Journal of International Economic Law

August 2002; p ublished online August 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

This article develops China's progress over the last 25 years. Internal and external factors are analyzed to elucidate China's role in the international community. China's business policies...

Judicial enforceability of WTO law in the European Union. Annotation to Case C-149/96, Portugal V. Council

S Griller.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

Until the entry into force of the WTO Agreements, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) continuously denied the direct effect of the GATT 1947 in the European Community's legal order, in...

The CCBE resolution

Anon.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 1999; p ublished online March 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The following text contains observations and recommendations adopted on 26 June 1998 by the Council of the Bars and Law Societies of the European Community (CCBE) on the issue of the...

THE WTO AND COSMOPOLITICS

Steve Charnovitz.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The relationship of the WTO to the international community and to its individual denizens continues to be a contentious topic in trade law and policy. In 2001, European Commissioner for...

European court rules on TRIPS agreement

GA Desmedt.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 1998; p ublished online December 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

In a judgment of 16 June 1998, the Court of Justice of the European Communities gave a preliminary ruling on the interpretation of a TRIPS provision following a referral by a Dutch Judge....

China's WTO accession: commitments and implications

Q Kong.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2000; p ublished online December 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

One hundred years after its adoption, China's Open Door policy is bearing fruit: China has concluded expansive market access agreements with its major trading partners that have paved the...

Practical Aspects of Monetary Compensation

Bernard O’Connor and Margareta Djordjevic.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2005; p ublished online March 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The mutually satisfactory temporary arrangement reached between the EC and the US in the WTO US – Copyright dispute raises a number of legal issues in international, WTO and EC law as well...

The WTO dispute settlement mechanism and Japanese traders

H Yamane.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 1998; p ublished online December 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The first issue of Journal of International Economic Law examined how private parties in the USA and the EU convince their governments to act on their behalf by bringing a case about foreign...

Shrimp/turtle: untangling the nets

AE Appleton.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 1999; p ublished online September 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The Appellate Body's decision in the Shrimp/Turtle case has important political, systemic and procedural implications for the WTO and its dispute settlement system. From a political...

TRADE SANCTIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS - PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

Carlos Manuel Vázquez.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2003; p ublished online December 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The relationship between the international law of trade and the international law of human rights has commanded an increasing amount of scholarly attention in the past few years, perhaps...

Compliance by WTO Members with Adverse WTO Dispute Settlement Rulings: The Record to Date

Bruce Wilson.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2007; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 2554 words.

The generally positive record of Members in complying with adverse rulings by panels, the Appellate Body or both has been an important factor in the success of the WTO dispute settlement...

Competition Law and the WTO: Rethinking the Relationship

David J. Gerber.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2007; p ublished online July 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 8271 words.

This essay identifies obstacles to the inclusion of a competition law regime in the WTO and suggests changes that are likely to be necessary if competition law is to become an effective...

Federalism and regulation: extrapolating from the analysis of environmental regulation in the United States

RL Revesz.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

This article extends the author's prior work concerning how responsibility over environmental regulation in the United States should be allocated between the federal government and the...

EC Liability for the Non‐Implementation of WTO Dispute Settlement Decisions – Advocate General Alber Proposes a ‘Copernican Innovation’ in the Case Law of the ECJ

Geert A. Zonnekeyn.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

In two identical Opinions delivered on 15 May 2003 in the Biret cases, Advocate General Alber of the European Court of Justice (‘ECJ’), proposes that the European Community (‘EC’) may be...

The United Nations Compensation Commission: A new contribution to the process of international claims resolution

N Wühler.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 1999; p ublished online June 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The United Nations Compensation Commission is one of the many bodies that have over recent years contributed to the proliferation of claims resolution and dispute settlement facilities. The...

The international monetary fund in historical perspective

RM Lastra.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

The International Monetary Fund was set up in 1944 in a context of war, with the memories of hyperinflation, depression, and fluctuating exchange rates still fresh. The institution - though...

Legal persuasion, political realism, and legitimacy: the European Court's recent treatment of the effect of WTO agreements in the EC legal order

N van den Broek.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2001; p ublished online June 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

Within the scope of Community law, the European Court of Justice denies both Members States and private parties the right to rely directly on provisions of WTO agreements. Its reasoning, as...

Labour Law Beyond Borders

Patrick Macklem.

in Journal of International Economic Law

August 2002; p ublished online August 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

Flexible forms of transnational production and processes of economic globalization are increasingly challenging the traditional capacity of domestic labour law to promote justice in the...