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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

An ecological analysis of competition among US communities

Pino G. Audia and Jennifer Kurkoski.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Entrepreneurship; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Production and Organizations. 10688 words.

We apply the ecological concept of the organization's niche pioneered by John Freeman and Mike Hannan to the study of geographic communities. We define a community's market niche by the...

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Public policy, community ownership and clean energy

Robert Pollin.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

November 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Energy Economics; Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise; Development Planning and Policy; National Government Expenditures and Related Policies. 10682 words.

This paper considers policies for promoting productive investments in the USA, especially as regards the project of building a clean energy economy. The four main policies examined are (i)...

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Endogenous growth of open collaborative innovation communities: a supply-side perspective

Paolo E Giordani, Francesco Rullani and Lorenzo Zirulia.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

August 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Services. 10385 words.

Abstract

This article analyzes the conditions under which open collaborative innovation communities can be generated and are able to grow and prosper in the...

Distance as asset? Knowledge collaboration in hybrid virtual communities

Gernot Grabher and Oliver Ibert.

in Journal of Economic Geography

January 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 12353 words.

This article takes issue with the reification of proximity in the current debates about the geographies of knowledge production. It aims at developing a more differentiated view on the...

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Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist

Mike Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Performance Practice and Studies; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques. 1327 words.

Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist, was born on 13 July 1932 in Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Little is known of his early life. He...

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist

Gerry Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Politics and Law. 832 words.

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist, was born at 24 John Street, Deptford, Kent, on 30 October 1866, the daughter of George James, journeyman...

Epistemic communities, European Union governance and the public voice

Anthony R Zito.

in Science and Public Policy

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

This article presents a theoretical examination of the role that expert groups, particularly ‘epistemic communities’ and ‘advocacy coalitions’, play in the European Union (EU) process. It...

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Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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Tensions in the research council-research community relationship

Magnus Gulbrandsen.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Research councils have often met difficult balancing acts, for instance between basic and applied research, disciplinary and cross-disciplinary work, and trade-off decisions about review...

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Epistemic communities and two goals of delegation: hormone growth promoters in the European Union

Claire A Dunlop.

in Science and Public Policy

April 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

The delegation literature tells us that decision-makers delegate power to agents to achieve efficiency or credibility (or both). Critically, however, the successful delivery of each of...

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From community to ‘collaboratory’? The Human Genome Mapping Project and the changing culture of science

Peter Glasner.

in Science and Public Policy

April 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

There have been several sociological attempts to conceptualise the scientific community initially based on the customary view of science developed by Merton. In extending these accounts,...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Brain drain of the scientific community of developing countries: the case of Sri Lanka

M U M Anas and Seetha I Wickremasinghe.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Many Asian developing countries face an increasing drain of their scientific community as a current challenge. This study identifies the trends in Sri Lanka and investigates the nature and...

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Building community, legitimating consumption: creating the U.S. bicycle market, 1876–1884

Thomas Burr.

in Socio-Economic Review

September 2006; p ublished online March 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Corporate Social Responsibility; Welfare Economics; Political Economy; Economic Sociology. 13147 words.

Economic and organizational sociologists tend to define markets as sets of producers, and research mostly supply-side issues. They generally ignore the role of consumers and their use of...

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Economic Development Prospects of Forest-Dependent Communities: Analyzing Trade-offs Using a Compromise-Fuzzy Programming Framework

Emina Krcmar and G. Cornelis van Kooten.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

November 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Primary Products; Demographic Economics; Renewable Resources and Conservation. 8370 words.

Many aboriginal communities look to forest resources for short- and long-term employment, adequate timber for mills, an even flow of wood fiber for community stability, and financial...

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Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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Community of learning, practice and collaboration

Juan D Rogers.

in Science and Public Policy

November 2006; p ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

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