Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 95 items for:

community x Economics x Innovation x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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Epistemic communities, European Union governance and the public voice

Anthony R Zito.

in Science and Public Policy

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

This article presents a theoretical examination of the role that expert groups, particularly ‘epistemic communities’ and ‘advocacy coalitions’, play in the European Union (EU) process. It...

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Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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Tensions in the research council-research community relationship

Magnus Gulbrandsen.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Research councils have often met difficult balancing acts, for instance between basic and applied research, disciplinary and cross-disciplinary work, and trade-off decisions about review...

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Epistemic communities and two goals of delegation: hormone growth promoters in the European Union

Claire A Dunlop.

in Science and Public Policy

April 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

The delegation literature tells us that decision-makers delegate power to agents to achieve efficiency or credibility (or both). Critically, however, the successful delivery of each of...

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From community to ‘collaboratory’? The Human Genome Mapping Project and the changing culture of science

Peter Glasner.

in Science and Public Policy

April 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

There have been several sociological attempts to conceptualise the scientific community initially based on the customary view of science developed by Merton. In extending these accounts,...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Brain drain of the scientific community of developing countries: the case of Sri Lanka

M U M Anas and Seetha I Wickremasinghe.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Many Asian developing countries face an increasing drain of their scientific community as a current challenge. This study identifies the trends in Sri Lanka and investigates the nature and...

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Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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Community of learning, practice and collaboration

Juan D Rogers.

in Science and Public Policy

November 2006; p ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

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Community stewardship and inclusive decision-making

Sharon McKenzie Stevens.

in Science and Public Policy

October 2003; p ublished online October 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

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Introduction: The heterogeneity of innovation—evidence from the Community Innovation Surveys

Jan Fagerberg, David C. Mowery and Paul Nightingale.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 2144 words.

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Perceptions about the political–scientific community and its role in formulating the problems of public policy for science, technology and innovation in Costa Rica

Ronny J. Viales-Hurtado, Antonio Arellano-Hernández and Rafael E. Granados-Carvajal.

in Science and Public Policy

October 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 2551 words.

A Special Commission was created in 2006 under the auspices of the Agricultural Affairs Commission, to discuss possible reforms to the June 1990 Public Law No. 7169, relating to the...

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Low Carbon Communities: Imaginative Approaches to Combating Climate Change Locally edited by Michael Peters, Shane Fudge and Tim Jackson

Beverley Gibbs.

in Science and Public Policy

December 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Policy; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; History of Science and Technology. 931 words.

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Social Finance

Edited by Alex Nicholls, Rob Paton and Jed Emerson.

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Innovation; Financial Institutions and Services. 672 pages.

Social finance is now a multibillion dollar market that encompasses ethical investment (including finance for green businesses), community investment to support economic development in...

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Co-operative and mutual finance

Jonathan Michie.

in Social Finance

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; Financial Institutions and Services. 10726 words.

This chapter explores one of the very first forms of social finance—co-operative and mutual organizations. First, the chapter sets out a definition of this sector and its approach to...

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Life scientists and the need for a culture of responsibility: After education … what?

James Revill and Malcolm Dando.

in Science and Public Policy

February 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

The challenge of dual-use biotechnology in the 21st century has led the scientific community to the conclusion that greater education of life scientists is needed regarding the biological...

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Social sciences and science policies in Mexico

Heriberta Castaños-Lomnitz.

in Science and Public Policy

March 2006; p ublished online March 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Mexico has around 800 active social research scientists in a population of 105 million. In 2005 the achievements of the Mexican academic community have earned both international recognition...

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