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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Public policy, community ownership and clean energy

Robert Pollin.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

November 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Energy Economics; Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise; Development Planning and Policy; National Government Expenditures and Related Policies. 10682 words.

This paper considers policies for promoting productive investments in the USA, especially as regards the project of building a clean energy economy. The four main policies examined are (i)...

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Endogenous growth of open collaborative innovation communities: a supply-side perspective

Paolo E Giordani, Francesco Rullani and Lorenzo Zirulia.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

August 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Services. 10385 words.

Abstract

This article analyzes the conditions under which open collaborative innovation communities can be generated and are able to grow and prosper in the...

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Distance as asset? Knowledge collaboration in hybrid virtual communities

Gernot Grabher and Oliver Ibert.

in Journal of Economic Geography

January 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 12353 words.

This article takes issue with the reification of proximity in the current debates about the geographies of knowledge production. It aims at developing a more differentiated view on the...

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Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist

Mike Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Performance Practice and Studies; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques. 1327 words.

Crichlow, Frank Gilbert (1932–2010), musician, restaurateur, and community activist, was born on 13 July 1932 in Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Little is known of his early life. He...

The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist

Gerry Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Politics and Law. 832 words.

James, Clara Grace [Claire] (1866–1954), trade unionist and community activist, was born at 24 John Street, Deptford, Kent, on 30 October 1866, the daughter of George James, journeyman...

Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Economic Development Prospects of Forest-Dependent Communities: Analyzing Trade-offs Using a Compromise-Fuzzy Programming Framework

Emina Krcmar and G. Cornelis van Kooten.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

November 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Primary Products; Demographic Economics; Renewable Resources and Conservation. 8370 words.

Many aboriginal communities look to forest resources for short- and long-term employment, adequate timber for mills, an even flow of wood fiber for community stability, and financial...

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Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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Book review. The Living Land: Agriculture, Food and Community Regeneration in Rural Europe. J Pretty

M Krämer.

in European Review of Agricultural Economics

June 1999; p ublished online June 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Agricultural Economics; Environmental Economics; Renewable Resources and Conservation; Primary Products. 0 words.

Introduction: The heterogeneity of innovation—evidence from the Community Innovation Surveys

Jan Fagerberg, David C. Mowery and Paul Nightingale.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 2144 words.

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Ontology and the study of social reality: emergence, organisation, community, power, social relations, corporations, artefacts and money

Tony Lawson.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

March 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: General Economics; Economic Systems; Production and Organizations; Economic Methodology; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 23736 words.

The conception of social reality I have previously defended (and here extend), positing features such as social relations, positions and powers, is thoroughly naturalistic and even...

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Business Strategy and Antitrust Policy

Michael Mazzeo and Ryan McDevitt.

in The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics, Volume 2

December 2014; p ublished online April 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies. 9449 words.

Business strategy is fundamentally about firm decision-making. Antitrust policy and enforcement, in turn, evaluate the decisions made by firms and the market outcomes that result. To the...

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Economics and Law as Reflected in Hebrew Contracts

Yosef Rivlin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics

December 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies. 11117 words.

This article discusses economic theories in Jewish law as reflected in contracts written in Hebrew, in most cases deriving from Ashkenazic communities. The contracts originated from...

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Public and Private International Law from the Perspective of Jewish Law

Michael J. Broyde.

in The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics

December 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies. 13460 words.

This article focuses on public and private international law from the perspective of Jewish law. When one speaks about international law from the perspective of the Jewish tradition, it is...

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The Social Responsibility of Economists

Peter J. Boettke and Kyle W. O’Donnell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Professional Economic Ethics

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Industry Studies. 10134 words.

Following the global financial crisis of 2008, the economics profession has been criticized for its apparent complicity in promoting corporate and financial industry interests at the...

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Industrial districts, social cohesion and economic decline in Italy

Paolo Ramazzotti.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

November 2010; p ublished online December 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour. 10374 words.

The economic and social vitality of industrial districts (IDs) depends on the interaction between two major sub-systems: a community of people and a population of firms. A range of...

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