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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Impact of Economic Partnership Agreements in Countries of the Southern African Development Community

Alexander Keck and Roberta Piermartini.

in Journal of African Economies

January 2008; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 13286 words.

In the context of economic partnership agreements (EPAs) currently under negotiation between the European Union (EU) and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, trade is meant to be...

Networks, Communities and Markets in Sub‐Saharan Africa: Implications for Firm Growth and Investment

Marcel Fafchamps.

in Journal of African Economies

September 2001; p ublished online September 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

This paper examines how relationships and networks affect market exchange in Sub‐Saharan Africa. After noting that market exchange arguably plays a larger role in Africa than in developed...

Participation and Poverty Reduction: An Analytical Framework and Overview of the Issues

John Hoddinott.

in Journal of African Economies

March 2002; p ublished online March 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

This paper examines the relationship between community participation and the efficacy of interventions designed to reduce poverty. It outlines a simple model that identifies three actors...

Co‐operation in Risky Environments: Evidence from Southern Ethiopia

Nancy McCarthy, Abdul B. Kamara and Michael Kirk.

in Journal of African Economies

June 2003; p ublished online June 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

The semi‐arid and arid rangelands of Sub‐Saharan Africa are characterised by high variability and by heavy reliance of herders on access to common resources, predominantly pasture and water....

Determinants of Rural Income: The Role of Geography and Institutions in Kenya

Maren Radeny and Erwin Bulte.

in Journal of African Economies

March 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 10945 words.

We revisit the debate about the root causes of income divergence, and ask whether geographical variables or institutions are the main determinants of income. Complementing earlier...

Sierra Leone: ironic tragedy

VAB Davies.

in Journal of African Economies

October 2000; p ublished online October 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

This paper illuminates the economic dimension of Sierra Leone's present rebel war raging since 1991. The grievances and risks that induced rebellion are analysed. Peace has been elusive...

Testing for Son Preference in South Africa

Lata Gangadharan and Pushkar Maitra.

in Journal of African Economies

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

Evidence from many developing countries suggests that parents have a preference for sons over daughters. This has been referred to as son preference. This paper uses individual level unit...

Determinants of Schooling: Empirical Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

Subha Mani, John Hoddinott and John Strauss.

in Journal of African Economies

November 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 10853 words.

We examine the determinants of current enrolment status and relative grade attainment among primary school children in rural Ethiopia. We use repeated cross-sectional data from 15 rural...

Policies for building post-conflict peace

B Bigombe, P Collier and N Sambanis.

in Journal of African Economies

October 2000; p ublished online October 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

Civil wars always end, but usually they restart. Globally, within the first ten years of the end of a conflict, 31% of them have resumed. African conflicts are even more prone to restart...

Institutions and Development

Robert H. Bates.

in Journal of African Economies

May 2006; p ublished online May 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

In late-century Africa, domestic reformers and the international community prescribed political reform as a means for securing policy reform. They sought to put an end to single party and...

Has ECOWAS Promoted Trade among Its Members?

Dean M. Hanink and J. Henry Owusu.

in Journal of African Economies

October 1998; p ublished online October 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

This paper reports the results of an examination of the direction of trade within the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The examination was conducted in order to determine...

Household Behaviour under Market Failures: How Natural Resource Management in Agriculture Promotes Livestock Production in the Sahel

Céline Dutilly‐Diane, Elisabeth Sadoulet and Alain de Janvry.

in Journal of African Economies

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

Improved water harvesting and soil erosion control using the remarkably simple practice of contour stone bunding is shown to increase grain yields by 41% in low rainfall regions of Burkina...

An economic interpretation of conflict in Burundi

F Ngaruko and JD Nkurunziza.

in Journal of African Economies

October 2000; p ublished online October 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

This paper uses economic and political analyses to investigate the economics of civil conflicts in Burundi. It shows that conflicts in Burundi have resulted from a combination of poverty,...

Making Services Work for Poor People

Shantayanan Devarajan and Ritva Reinikka.

in Journal of African Economies

July 2004; p ublished online July 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

The weak link between public spending in health and education, and health and education outcomes can be partially explained by the fact that the delivery of services that are critical to...

Prices, Unit Values and Local Measurement Units in Rural Surveys: an Econometric Approach with an Application to Poverty Measurement in Ethiopia

Bart Capéau and Stefan Dercon.

in Journal of African Economies

June 2006; p ublished online June 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

For many research problems in developing countries, some information on prices faced by households is required, for example if subsistence consumption is a substantial part of consumption....

Production Externalities of Education: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

Sharada Weir and John Knight.

in Journal of African Economies

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 9951 words.

Schooling has externality effects in agriculture when, in the course of conducting their own private economic activities, educated farmers raise the productivity of their uneducated...

Free Trade Agreements and the SADC Economies

Jeffrey D. Lewis, Sherman Robinson and Karen Thierfelder.

in Journal of African Economies

June 2003; p ublished online June 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

Countries in southern Africa have engaged in a variety of trade liberalisation initiatives such as the European Union (EU)–South Africa Free Trade Agreement (FTA), the EU's ‘Everything but...

External aid: help or hindrance to export orientation in Africa?

IA Elbadawi.

in Journal of African Economies

December 1999; p ublished online December 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

The central proposition of this paper is that African countries should start thinking through undertaking an orderly transition from the current high dependence on foreign aid for financing...

Conflict resolution in Africa

MI Khalil.

in Journal of African Economies

October 2000; p ublished online October 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Studies; Economic Development; African Studies. 0 words.

In an attempt to draw lessons from African experience with conflict resolution, this paper examines three disputes: the Western Sahara conflict between Morocco and the Polisario, the...