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Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community Networks and Migration

Kaivan Munshi.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: International Economics; Econometrics and Mathematical Economics. 8929 words.

This chapter describes the role that community networks have played, and continue to play, in facilitating migration. Historical case studies are provided from the American South and...

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Foreign Firms and Local Communities 

Bruce Blonigen and Cheyney O’Fallon.

in Firms in the International Economy

December 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 9398 words.

The authors argue that both IE and IB have overlooked the relation between foreign firms and local communities. They show, inter alia, that foreign- owned firms differ substantially from...

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The Business Community: Social Responsibility and Corporate Values

Robert Davies.

in Making Globalization Good

April 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 9233 words.

This chapter looks at the ethical ingredients, strategies, and conduct of business institutions. This is an important subject, as a great deal of criticism has been, and is being, levelled...

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The European Community Commercial Policy

Patrick A. Messerlin.

in The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; International Economics; Public Economics. 12089 words.

The European Community (EC) is still a recent and ongoing process. Fifty years is a short time span for such an endeavor. It is strictly an economic process because a straightforward...

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Institutional Environment, Community Government, and Corporate Governance: Understanding China’s Township-Village Enterprises

Yingyi Qian.

in How Reform Worked in China

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 11435 words.

We study China’s township-village enterprises (TVEs) from an organizational perspective with a focus on governance. Unlike most previous studies, we interpret the firm boundaries of TVEs at...

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A Disaggregated Analysis of Product Price Integration in the Southern African Development Community

Neil Balchin, Lawrence Edwards and Asha Sundaram.

in Journal of African Economies

June 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Trade. 11852 words.

Price-based empirical evidence on the extent to which product markets are integrated in developing regions is noticeably limited, particularly in Africa. This article uses highly...

The Effect of Refugee Inflows on Host Communities: Evidence from Tanzania

Jennifer Alix-Garcia and David Saah.

in The World Bank Economic Review

February 2010; p ublished online November 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Development; International Factor Movements and International Business; Household Analysis; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics. 8262 words.

Despite the large and growing number of humanitarian emergencies, there is little economic research on the impact of refugees and internally displaced people on the communities that receive...

The innovative performance of German multinationals abroad: evidence from the European community innovation survey

Franziska Kampik and Bernhard Dachs.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2011; p ublished online April 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; International Factor Movements and International Business. 6611 words.

This article analyzes cross-country differences in innovation behavior of subsidiaries of German multinational enterprises. The analysis is based on data from community innovation survey...

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Endogenous Optimal Currency Areas: the Case of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community

Fabrizio Carmignani.

in Journal of African Economies

January 2010; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Trade; Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles; Economic Development. 9706 words.

The Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CAEMC) has been a monetary union for several decades now. According to the hypothesis of endogenous optimal currency areas (OCAs), the...

Public vs. Private Ownership of Firms: Evidence from Rural China

Yingyi Qian.

in How Reform Worked in China

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 13750 words.

Why are many of China’s successful rural enterprises publically owned by local communities? Using a set of provincial data, we find that the share of community public firms...

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Krishna Raj

K.S. Krishnaswamy.

in The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India

January 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: International Economics. 1496 words.

More than a year after Krishna Raj’s death on 17 January 2004, the intellectual community in India finds it hard

Sustaining Supplies in Smallholder-Dominated Value Chains

Niels Fold and Jeff Neilson.

in The Economics of Chocolate

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 7851 words.

Significant institutional transformations are occurring along the contemporary cocoa–chocolate value chain. Drawing on field research from Indonesia and Ghana, this chapter identifies the...

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Land Institutions and Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

Whitney L. Smith and Rosamond L. Naylor.

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

September 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 15112 words.

Historic patterns of land governance and property rights have played an important role in creating conditions for low agricultural productivity and food insecurity throughout sub-Saharan...

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Identifying High-Return Investments

Inge Kaul and Pedro Conceiçāo.

in The New Public Finance

February 2006; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 10418 words.

This chapter proposes a methodology for identifying high-return investments and assessing when international cooperation pays. It describes potentially high-return investments in global...

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Are There Cultural Determinants of Entrepreneurship?

Edited by Rajkamal Iyer and Antoinette Schoar.

in International Differences in Entrepreneurship

June 2010; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 15431 words.

This chapter explores the role of entrepreneurial culture in determining contractual outcomes among entrepreneurs in countries where the legal environment makes contracts very difficult to...

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Impacts of Free Trade Agreements on Agricultural Trade Creation and Trade Diversion

Lin Sun and Michael R. Reed.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

October 2010; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Trade. 6080 words.

This paper evaluates agricultural trade creation and diversion effects of the most important free trade agreements (FTAs). Trade creation and diversion effects are estimated using a Poisson...

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Ideologies of globalization: market globalism, justice globalism, religious globalisms

Manfred B. Steger.

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction

April 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations and International Political Economy. 4790 words.

Like all social processes, globalization operates on an ideological dimension filled with norms, claims, beliefs, and narratives about the phenomenon itself. ‘Ideologies of globalization’...

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Governments and Supranational Agencies: A New Consensus?

Gordon Brown.

in Making Globalization Good

April 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 6740 words.

In this chapter, the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, makes a strong plea for a greater sense of economic and moral responsibility on the part of the wealthier nations towards...

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The Origin of Goods

Edited by Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann and Thierry Verdier.

February 2006; p ublished online May 2006 .

Book. Subjects: International Economics. 346 pages.

Rules of Origin (RoO) are among the most important instruments in the negotiation and functioning of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs), designed to determine the eligibility of goods for...

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The Chinese Intelligence Agencies

Nigel Inkster.

in China and Cybersecurity

May 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Economics. 8912 words.

In comparison with other major powers, relatively little has been written about the modern capabilities of the Chinese intelligence agencies. Little coverage is devoted to China’s...

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