Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Evolutionary Biology x Genetics and Genomics x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Predicting evolution in diverse communities

Timothy G. Barraclough.

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9228 words.

Following the outline of basic theory and evidence in chapters 7 and 8, this chapter sets the challenge of attempting to predict evolutionary dynamics in realistically diverse communities....

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Toward an Understanding of the Evolution of Staphylococcus aureus Strain USA300 during Colonization in Community Households

Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Adam D. Kennedy, Craig Martens, Stephen F. Porcella, Frank R. DeLeo and Franklin D. Lowy.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 5759 words.

Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause of serious infections and also a human commensal. The emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus led to a...

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A complex mosaic of enteroviruses shapes community-acquired hand, foot and mouth disease transmission and evolution within a single hospital

Joanna C A Cobbin, Philip N Britton, Rebecca Burrell, Deepali Thosar, Kierrtana Selvakumar, John-Sebastian Eden, Cheryl A Jones and Edward C Holmes.

in Virus Evolution

P ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Epidemiology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology. 7364 words.

Abstract

Human enteroviruses (EV) pose a major risk to public health. This is especially so in the Asia-Pacific region where increasing numbers of hand, foot...

Taming the BEAST—A Community Teaching Material Resource for BEAST 2

Joëlle Barido-Sottani, Veronika Bošková, Louis Du Plessis, Denise Kühnert, Carsten Magnus, Venelin Mitov, Nicola F. Müller, Jūlija PečErska, David A. Rasmussen, Chi Zhang, Alexei J. Drummond, Tracy A. Heath, Oliver G. Pybus, Timothy G. Vaughan and Tanja Stadler.

in Systematic Biology

January 2018; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 2616 words.

Abstract

Phylogenetics and phylodynamics are central topics in modern evolutionary biology. Phylogenetic methods reconstruct the evolutionary relationships...

Species interactions and contemporary evolution

Timothy G. Barraclough.

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 7877 words.

All organisms live within a diverse assemblage of many other species. Even with strict boundaries to gene flow, species interact in ways that shape their evolutionary dynamics. This chapter...

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Introduction

Timothy G. Barraclough.

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 2411 words.

This chapter explains what the book is about and highlights the range of processes and questions to be considered. The central thesis is that species represent more than a unit of taxonomy,...

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Comparative Metagenomics and Population Dynamics of the Gut Microbiota in Mother and Infant

Parag A. Vaishampayan, Jennifer V. Kuehl, Jeffrey L. Froula, Jenna L. Morgan, Howard Ochman and M. Pilar Francino.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 8368 words.

Colonization of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of human infants with a suitable microbial community is essential for numerous aspects of health, but the progression of events by which...

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Challenges and Opportunities of Airborne Metagenomics

Hayedeh Behzad, Takashi Gojobori and Katsuhiko Mineta.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online May 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 6766 words.

Recent metagenomic studies of environments, such as marine and soil, have significantly enhanced our understanding of the diverse microbial communities living in these habitats and their...

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Genomic Makeup of the Marine Flavobacterium Nonlabens (Donghaeana) dokdonensis and Identification of a Novel Class of Rhodopsins

Soon-Kyeong Kwon, Byung Kwon Kim, Ju Yeon Song, Min-Jung Kwak, Choong Hoon Lee, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Tae Kwang Oh and Jihyun F. Kim.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 7456 words.

Rhodopsin-containing marine microbes such as those in the class Flavobacteriia play a pivotal role in the biogeochemical cycle of the euphotic zone (Fuhrman JA, Schwalbach MS, Stingl U....

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The Human Genome Retains Relics of Its Prokaryotic Ancestry: Human Genes of Archaebacterial and Eubacterial Origin Exhibit Remarkable Differences

David Alvarez-Ponce and James O. McInerney.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2011; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 5034 words.

Eukaryotes are generally thought to stem from a fusion event involving an archaebacterium and a eubacterium. As a result of this event, contemporaneous eukaryotic genomes are chimeras of...

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Genome-Wide Analysis of Syntenic Gene Deletion in the Grasses

James C. Schnable, Michael Freeling and Eric Lyons.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 7706 words.

The grasses, Poaceae, are one of the largest and most successful angiosperm families. Like many radiations of flowering plants, the divergence of the major grass lineages was preceded by a...

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Chaperones Divide Yeast Proteins into Classes of Expression Level and Evolutionary Rate

David Bogumil, Giddy Landan, Judith Ilhan and Tal Dagan.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 4592 words.

It has long been known that many proteins require folding via molecular chaperones for their function. Although it has become apparent that folding imposes constraints on protein sequence...

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Genome-Wide SNP Analysis of Southern African Populations Provides New Insights into the Dispersal of Bantu-Speaking Groups

Miguel González-Santos, Francesco Montinaro, Ockie Oosthuizen, Erica Oosthuizen, George B.J. Busby, Paolo Anagnostou, Giovanni Destro-Bisol, Vincenzo Pascali and Cristian Capelli.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online September 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 4687 words.

The expansion of Bantu-speaking agropastoralist populations had a great impact on the genetic, linguistic, and cultural variation of sub-Saharan Africa. It is generally accepted that Bantu...

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Mitochondrial Genome Rearrangements in Glomus Species Triggered by Homologous Recombination between Distinct mtDNA Haplotypes

Denis Beaudet, Yves Terrat, Sébastien Halary, Ivan Enrique de la Providencia and Mohamed Hijri.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

January 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9171 words.

Comparative mitochondrial genomics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) provide new avenues to overcome long-lasting obstacles that have hampered studies aimed at understanding the...

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Quest for Orthologs Entails Quest for Tree of Life: In Search of the Gene Stream

Brigitte Boeckmann, Marina Marcet-Houben, Jonathan A. Rees, Kristoffer Forslund, Jaime Huerta-Cepas, Matthieu Muffato, Pelin Yilmaz, Ioannis Xenarios, Peer Bork, Suzanna E. Lewis and Toni Gabaldón.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 6458 words.

Quest for Orthologs (QfO) is a community effort with the goal to improve and benchmark orthology predictions. As quality assessment assumes prior knowledge on species phylogenies, we...

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Genome Sequence and Analysis of Escherichia coli MRE600, a Colicinogenic, Nonmotile Strain that Lacks RNase I and the Type I Methyltransferase, EcoKI

Chad M. Kurylo, Noah Alexander, Randall A. Dass, Matthew M. Parks, Roger A. Altman, C. Theresa Vincent, Christopher E. Mason and Scott C. Blanchard.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 5536 words.

Escherichia coli strain MRE600 was originally identified for its low RNase I activity and has therefore been widely adopted by the biomedical research community as a preferred...

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Nomenclature for the Nameless: A Proposal for an Integrative Molecular Taxonomy of Cryptic Diversity Exemplified by Planktonic Foraminifera

Raphaël Morard, Gilles Escarguel, Agnes K. M. Weiner, Aurore André, Christophe J. Douady, Christopher M. Wade, Kate F. Darling, Yurika Ujiié, Heidi A. Seears, Frédéric Quillévéré, Thibault de Garidel-Thoron, Colomban de Vargas and Michal Kucera.

in Systematic Biology

September 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9570 words.

Investigations of biodiversity, biogeography, and ecological processes rely on the identification of “species” as biologically significant, natural units of evolution. In this context,...

Two Influential Primate Classifications Logically Aligned

Nico M. Franz, Naomi M. Pier, Deeann M. Reeder, Mingmin Chen, Shizhuo Yu, Parisa Kianmajd, Shawn Bowers and Bertram Ludäscher.

in Systematic Biology

July 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 13476 words.

Classifications and phylogenies of perceived natural entities change in the light of new evidence. Taxonomic changes, translated into Code-compliant names, frequently lead to name:meaning...

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Resolving Relationships among the Megadiverse Butterflies and Moths with a Novel Pipeline for Anchored Phylogenomics

Jesse W. Breinholt, Chandra Earl, Alan R. Lemmon, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Lei Xiao and Akito Y. Kawahara.

in Systematic Biology

January 2018; p ublished online May 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9405 words.

Abstract

The advent of next-generation sequencing technology has allowed for thecollection of large portions of the genome for phylogenetic analysis. Hybrid...

Bugs in the program: can pregnancy drugs and smoking disturb molecular reprogramming of the fetal germline, increasing heritable risk for autism and neurodevelopmental disorders?

Jill Escher.

in Environmental Epigenetics

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Molecular Biology and Genetics; Biological Sciences; Developmental Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 4239 words.

Abstract

In a seeming paradox, the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has surged, while at the same time research has pointed to the strong...