Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 769 items for:

decision-making x Biological Sciences x clear all

Show only full text

Refine by subject

 

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

decision-making

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 239 words.

The process of changing from one activity to another, where there is incompatibility between the two activities. The term ‘decision-making’

decision-making

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 235 words.

The process of changing from one activity to another, where there is incompatibility between the two activities. The term ‘decision-making’,

Ethical Decision Making

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik.

in Responsible Conduct of Research

February 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 11978 words.

Ethics is an academic discipline that is concerned with answering age-old questions about duty, honor, integrity, virtue, justice, and the good life, Philosophers, theologians, and other...

Go to »  abstract

Choice processes in multialternative decision making

Cynthia Schuck-Paim and Alex Kacelnik.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2007; p ublished online March 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8415 words.

We study how the mechanisms of choice influence preferences when animals face more than 2 alternatives simultaneously. Choice mechanisms can be hierarchical (if alternatives are assigned to...

Go to »  abstract

Hospice Decision Making: Diagnosis Makes a Difference

Deborah P. Waldrop and Mary Ann Meeker.

in The Gerontologist

October 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 6871 words.

Purpose:  This study explored the process of decision making about hospice enrollment and identified factors that influence the timing of that...

Go to »  abstract

Decision-Making Involvement of Individuals With Dementia

Heather L. Menne and Carol J. Whitlatch.

in The Gerontologist

December 2007; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 6933 words.

Purpose:  Research underscores how autonomy and decision-making involvement may help to enhance the quality of life of older adults; however,...

Go to »  abstract

Advocacy science and fisheries decision-making

Jake C. Rice.

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

November 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Marine and Estuarine Biology. 4898 words.

Rice, J. C. 2011. Advocacy science and fisheries decision-making. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68: 2007–2012.

Science advice is supposed to meet idealistic standards for...

Go to »  abstract

Priority Actions to Improve Provenance Decision-Making

Martin F Breed, Peter A Harrison, Armin Bischoff, Paula Durruty, Nick J C Gellie, Emily K Gonzales, Kayri Havens, Marion Karmann, Francis F Kilkenny, Siegfried L Krauss, Andrew J Lowe, Pedro Marques, Paul G Nevill, Pati L Vitt and Anna Bucharova.

in BioScience

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biological Sciences; Environment. 5012 words.

Abstract

Selecting the geographic origin—the provenance—of seed is a key decision in restoration. The last decade has seen a vigorous debate on whether to use...

Go to »  full text

Adolescent Parents and Medical Decision-Making

Kenneth De Ville.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The growing phenomenon of teenage pregnancy introduces the problem of who should serve as surrogate decision makers for the children of adolescent parents. The justifications which sanction...

Go to »  abstract

The Precautionary Principle and Medical Decision Making

David B. Resnik.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The precautionary principle is a useful strategy for decision-making when physicians and patients lack evidence relating to the potential outcomes associated with various choices. According...

Go to »  abstract

Toward a Coherent Account of Pediatric Decision Making

Ana S. Iltis.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 12844 words.

Within and among societies, there are competing understandings of the status of children, including debates over whether they can bear rights and, if so, which rights they bear and against...

Go to »  abstract

"Choice" in End-of-Life Decision Making

Theresa S. Drought and Barbara A. Koenig.

in The Gerontologist

October 2002; p ublished online October 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 14239 words.

Purpose: The contribution of bioethics to clinical care at the end of life (EOL) deserves critical scrutiny. We argue that researchers have rarely...

Go to »  abstract

Parental Authority and Pediatric Bioethical Decision Making

Mark J. Cherry.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 9068 words.

In this paper, I offer a view beyond that which would narrowly reduce the role of parents in medical decision making to acting as custodians of the best interests of children and toward an...

Go to »  abstract

Decision-Making in the Leech Nervous System1

Teresa Esch and William B. Kristan.

in Integrative and Comparative Biology

August 2002; p ublished online August 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 5153 words.

Previous models of behavioral choice have described two types of hierarchy, a decision hierarchy, in which different classes of decisions are made at each level (Tinbergen, 1951), and a beh...

Go to »  full text   » abstract

Medical Staff's Decision-Making Process in the Nursing Home

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield and Steven Lipson.

in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

March 2003; p ublished online March 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences. 4650 words.

Background.  This paper describes the medical decision-making process at the time of status change events in the nursing home.

null...

Go to »  abstract

Adolescent Psychological Development, Parenting Styles, and Pediatric Decision Making

Brian C. Partridge.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 3200 words.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child risks harm to adolescents insofar as it encourages not only poor decision making by adolescents but also parenting styles that will...

Go to »  abstract

Intensity of Registered Nurse Participation in Nursing Home Decision Making1

Ruth A. Anderson and Reuben R. McDaniel.

in The Gerontologist

February 1998; p ublished online February 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 0 words.

In this study of data obtained from nursing home administrators and directors of nursing, we found that intensity of registered nurses' (RNs') participation in nursing home decision making...

Go to »  abstract

Dementia and Dignity: Towards a New Method of Surrogate Decision Making

Elysa R. Koppelman.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Autonomous decisions are decisions that reflect the self who makes them. Since patients in need of surrogate decision making can no longer enjoy the dignity of being free to express who...

Go to »  abstract

A framework for risk analysis in fisheries decision-making

D. E. Lane and R. L. Stephenson.

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

February 1998; p ublished online February 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Marine and Estuarine Biology. 0 words.

Failures in fisheries management have been linked to our inability to embrace the inherent uncertainty of fisheries systems. Fisheries decisions should be made on the basis of integrated...

Go to »  abstract

Vaccine Administration Decision Making: The Case of Yellow Fever Vaccine

Beth A. Lown, Lin H. Chen, Mary E. Wilson, Emily Sisson, Mark Gershman, Emad Yanni, Emily S. Jentes, Natasha S. Hochberg, Davidson H. Hamer and Elizabeth D. Barnett.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

September 2012; p ublished online June 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4318 words.

Background.  Providers must counsel travelers to yellow fever (YF)–endemic areas, although risk estimates of disease and vaccine serious adverse...

Go to »  abstract