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decision-making x Archaeology x clear all

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Royal Decision-Making: Kings, Magnates, and Scholars

Karen Radner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Historical Archaeology. 9150 words.

This article investigates the role of two distinct groups of advisors to the Assyrian king and their impact on royal decision-making: the highest state officials or magnates and scholarly...

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polity

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 51 words.

[De]

Generally, a complex of decision‐making roles that relate a society to the goals of its individual members through collective

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democracy

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 21 words.

[Ge]

A political system that allows the citizens to participate in political decision‐making, or to elect representatives to government bodies.

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Burra Charter

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[Le]

A code of best practice relating to heritage conservation developed in the late 1970s and 1980s by ICOMOS Australia, most recently revised in November 1999. The Charter...

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archaeological resource management

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

(ARM)

[Ge]

A branch of archaeology, also known as public archaeology, that is concerned with the identification, mapping, recording, assessment, evaluation, and...

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Megadrought and Collapse

Edited by Harvey Weiss.

November 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Archaeology. 344 pages.

This is the first book to treat the major examples of megadrought and societal collapse, from the late Pleistocene end of hunter–gatherer culture and origins of cultivation to the 15th...

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polity

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Archaeology.

[De]

Generally, a complex of decision‐making roles that relate a society to the goals of its individual members through collective decisions. Colin Renfrew used the term in a...

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When the Levee Breaks

D. Shane Miller and Jesse Tune.

in Investigating the Ordinary

January 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeological Methodology and Techniques. 3718 words.

This chapter offers an examination of complexity theory and everyday decision-making in the Paleoindian Period and its effects on the archaeological record. Using several studies, the...

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Inca Imperial Colonization in Northern Chile

Calogero Santoro and Mauricio Uribe.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Incas

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 6781 words.

In this chapter, the authors argue that the rapid, extensive, and efficient expansion of the Inca into northern Chile was not the consequence of random decisions. On the contrary, the cases...

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Path Dependence

Michelle Hegmon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 4774 words.

Path dependence concepts, thus far, have seen little application in archaeology, but they have great potential. At a general level, these concepts provide tools for theorizing historical...

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Twenty Years of Heritage Resource Management in Brazil

Paul o DeBlasis.

in Cultural Heritage Management

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeological Methodology and Techniques. 4155 words.

Cultural heritage resource management, including archaeology, heritage-based education, and decision making in the public sphere, is a major concern in Brazil. This chapter reviews the...

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Social Dimensions of Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Slaves' Uses of Plants at Poplar Forest

Jessica Bowes and Heather Trigg.

in Jefferson's Poplar Forest

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 6206 words.

Food, like material goods, is charged with meaning. Food in plantation contexts represents the decision-making processes of two parties-the planter who provisioned it and the enslaved...

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From Mesolithic to Neolithic modes of thought

Alan Barnard.

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

November 2007; p ublished online February 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 5154 words.

This chapter begins by outlining two proposed modes of thought, which are characterized by opposite perceptions in at least four domains: saving versus consumption (which reflect notions of...

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Initial Northern Iroquoian Coalescence

Jennifer Birch and Ronald F. Williamson.

in The Archaeology of Villages in Eastern North America

October 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 6245 words.

Northern Iroquoian societies experienced two phases of community coalescence, one in the thirteenth century, which brought semi-sedentary populations together into the first true villages,...

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The Ayllu Interface

Steven A. Wernke.

in Negotiated Settlements

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 12959 words.

This chapter presents a local view of ayllu- and moiety-level land-use patterns through time, by first presenting a detailed, GIS-based reconstruction of early colonial era land-tenure...

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Archaeometry

Juan J. Cancel and Paul N. Backhouse.

in We Come for Good

March 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 5109 words.

The archaeometry section is crucial to the operation of all the THPO areas. The philosophy of the section is technological inclusivity—providing the tools and support for applications like...

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Peninsular Italy

Anna Maria Bietti Sestieri.

in The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age

June 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 10091 words.

This article focuses on the Bronze Age in Peninsular Italy, starting with the climate and geographical features of the area during the period. It discusses in detail the various stages of...

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Fauna and the emergence of intensive agricultural economies in the United States Southwest

Rebecca M. Dean.

in The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Environmental Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 6112 words.

The Hohokam of Arizona, USA, created one of the most intensive agricultural systems in North America. Their hunting economy intensified along with the agricultural system, but...

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