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Medieval Procedure and Judicial Decision Making

Martyn Rady.

in Customary Law in Hungary

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Political History. 11415 words.

The procedures of the courts were episodic in so far as the case was not heard in a single concentrated event. They also had safeguards built in to ensure that the proper result was...

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Constructing Europe, 1945–1960

Talbot C. Imlay.

in The Practice of Socialist Internationalism

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History. 26577 words.

This chapter examines the contribution of European socialists to the process of European integration after 1945. European socialists exerted a steady and sometimes decisive influence on the...

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Minnesota's Miracle

Tom Berg.

October 2012; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Political History. 336 pages.

Social upheaval, political gridlock, and controversies over taxes, the environment, and an unpopular war: the state of Minnesota in 1968 was a lot like the state of America today. This...

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Peacemakers

James W. Pardew.

January 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Political History. 424 pages.

Peacemakers is a candid, inside account of the US response to the disintegration of Yugoslavia by James Pardew, an official at the heart of American policy-making, diplomacy,...

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Between unitas and aequalitas

Andrea Gamberini.

in The Clash of Legitimacies

October 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Political History. 4056 words.

This chapter focuses on political life within the city commune. Although each political group tended to represent itself as ‘the whole’, division in the political body not only existed but...

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Scandal in the Courts

Elisabeth Israels Perry.

in After the Vote

March 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; Political History. 12537 words.

In 1930, Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized an investigation first into New York City’s lower court system and then into its entire government. The investigation, known by the name...

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Information

Isabella Lazzarini.

in Communication and Conflict

September 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Political History. 9480 words.

In Renaissance Italy diplomacy became a political action that allowed different polities and powers provided with a fragile legitimacy but a strong political agency to pursue their goals by...

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The Persistence of Political Community, 1795–1799

Kenneth Owen.

in Political Community in Revolutionary Pennsylvania, 1774-1800

September 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; Political History. 12470 words.

This chapter analyses Pennsylvanian and American politics in the late 1790s, focusing particularly on the Jay Treaty debates, the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Fries Rebellion, and the...

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Who Was Responsible for the 1948 Debacle?

Yoram Meital.

in Revolutionary Justice

December 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History; Political History. 6655 words.

The question of who to blame for the 1948 debacle was unequivocally answered by the prosecution and judges in the ‛Abd al-Hadi trial. The judges saw themselves as being in charge of...

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The Interwar Period in a Microcosm

Volker Prott.

in The Politics of Self-Determination

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Political History. 18170 words.

Focusing on the international level, this chapter addresses the territorial work of the experts, diplomats, and politicians at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The in-depth analysis of...

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Consolidation

J. R. Maddicott.

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

May 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); British History. 19106 words.

This chapter assesses the impact of the baronial reform movement of 1258–65 on the development of parliament. It argues that the reforming barons saw parliament as a public forum and the...

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Confluence

J. R. Maddicott.

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

May 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); British History. 21751 words.

This chapter traces the evolution of assemblies from the Norman Conquest to the death of Henry II. It shows that the Norman kings took over the Anglo‐Saxon institution of the witan, but...

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American Environmental Policy since 1964

Richard N. L. Andrews.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; Environmental History. 8829 words.

Between 1964 and 2017, the United States adopted the concept of environmental policy as a new focus for a broad range of previously disparate policy issues affecting human interactions with...

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The Role of Congress in the History of US Foreign Relations

Clay Silver Katsky.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Early 19th Century US History; US History 1870-1900; US History 1900 - 1945; US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; Political History. 11600 words.

While presidents have historically been the driving force behind foreign policy decision-making, Congress has used its constitutional authority to influence the process. The nation’s...

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