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Decision Making

Maarten Speekenbrink and David R. Shanks.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Psychology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology. 16300 words.

This chapter reviews normative and descriptive aspects of decision making. Expected Utility Theory (EUT), the dominant normative theory of decision making, is often thought to provide a...

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Decision Making

Robyn A. LeBoeuf and Eldar Shafir.

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

March 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 16029 words.

This chapter reviews selected psychological research on human decision making. The classical, rational theory of choice holds that decisions reflect consistent, stable preferences, which...

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Decision-Making

Cleotilde Gonzalez.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science

October 2017; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 9830 words.

This chapter overviews topics in judgment and decision making from a cognitive science perspective. It advocates a “closed-loop” view of decision making: an interactive and continuous...

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Causality in Decision-Making

York Hagmayer and Philip Fernbach.

in The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning

June 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 12256 words.

Although causality is rarely discussed in texts on decision-making, decisions often depend on causal knowledge and causal reasoning. This chapter reviews what is known about how people...

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Online Decision-Making

Kevin Askew and Michael D. Coovert.

in The Social Net

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 12177 words.

This chapter explores online decision-making, suggesting that as the Internet continues to enlarge its influence in people’s lives, an increasing number of decisions will be taken online....

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Interoception and decision making

Martin P. Paulus.

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 7012 words.

This chapter reviews three constructs that have important contributions to risky decision making. First, it considers interoception and its neural substrates, discusses the characteristics...

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Military Decision-Making

Neil D. Shortland, Laurence J. Alison and Joseph M. Moran.

in Conflict

March 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Social Psychology. 7853 words.

This chapter discusses three broad approaches to understanding how military decisions are made: (1) the military decision-making process (MDMP), based largely on historical experience and,...

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Judgment and Decision Making

Leaf Van Boven, Mark Travers, Jacob Westfall and Gary McClelland.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Cognition

August 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Social Psychology; Cognitive Psychology. 21351 words.

This chapter reviews classic and contemporary phenomena in the field of judgment and decision making, particularly as they relate to social psychology and social cognition. The review...

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Saccadic decision-making

Casimir J.H. Ludwig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

August 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 7897 words.

The generation of a saccade may be considered the outcome of some decision-making process. Functional models of saccadic decision-making are based on the accumulation of sensory evidence in...

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Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

Edited by Mauricio R. Delgado, Elizabeth A. Phelps and Trevor W. Robbins.

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 576 pages.

This latest volume in the Attention and Performance series focuses on two of the fastest moving research areas in cognitive and affective neuroscience — decision making and emotional...

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The Theory of Decision Making

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss.

in A Science of Decision Making

October 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 21733 words.

This chapter reviews theoretical literature on the economic theory of decision making and the rapidly increasing number of psychological experiments (performed by both psychologists and...

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Specialist versus Generalist Decision Making

Armin W. Schulz.

in Efficient Cognition

February 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 7395 words.

A number of scholars argue that human and animal decision making, at least to the extent that it is driven by representational mental states, should be seen to be the result of the...

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Psychological Models of Professional Decision Making

Mandeep K. Dhami.

in Heuristics

April 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 3931 words.

People are often expected to make decisions based on all of the relevant information, weighted and combined appropriately. Under many conditions, however, people use heuristic strategies...

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Making Decisions about the Future

Christoph Hoerl and Teresa McCormack.

in Seeing the Future

July 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 14531 words.

In the recent literature on episodic memory, there has been increasing recognition of the need to provide an account of its adaptive function. In this context, it is sometimes argued that...

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Neurocognitive Modeling of Perceptual Decision Making

Thomas J. Palmeri, Jeffrey D. Schall and Gordon D. Logan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Computational and Mathematical Psychology

April 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 13529 words.

Mathematical psychology and systems neuroscience have converged on stochastic accumulator models to explain decision making. We examined saccade decisions in monkeys while...

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Decision-making and planning

Richard Passingham.

in What is special about the human brain?

May 2008; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 6752 words.

Both humans and macaque monkeys have the ability to make use of their working memory, or the ability to perform mental operations, for their individual benefits. Unlike humans, however, the...

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A Science of Decision Making

Edited by Jie W. Weiss and David J. Weiss.

October 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Book. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 536 pages.

Ward Edwards is well known as the father of behavioral decision making. In his 1954 Psychological Bulletin paper on decision making, he brought psychological ideas into what had been the...

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Extended Representational Decision Making—A Synthesis

Armin W. Schulz.

in Efficient Cognition

February 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 7425 words.

Defenders of the extendedness of cognition often contrast their view with a representationalist view of cognition. They argue that (a) extended cognition and representational cognition are...

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Decision Making, Control, and Concept Formation

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter.

in How the Mind Comes into Being

January 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 15970 words.

While attention controls the internal, mental focus of attention, motor control directs the bodily control focus. Our nervous system is structured in a cascade of interactive control loops,...

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Least-Worst Decision-Making “in Extremis”

Neil D. Shortland, Laurence J. Alison and Joseph M. Moran.

in Conflict

March 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Social Psychology. 10055 words.

Given the immense physiological effect of being at war, and the unique effect this has on the physiology and psychology of the soldier, this chapter examines decisions implemented at the...

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