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Influences on Presidential Decision Making

Karen M. Hult and Charles E. Walcott.

in The Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency

August 2009; p ublished online May 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Political Institutions. 9926 words.

This article starts by examining the range of factors that scholars have identified as primary shapers of presidential decisions. Then, it discusses the presidential advisers who help shape...

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Yes, Minister: The Impact of Decision-making Rules on Geographically Targeted Particularistic Spending

Jane Suiter and Eoin O'Malley.

in Parliamentary Affairs

October 2014; p ublished online April 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Parliamentary and Legislative Practice; Political Institutions; UK Politics. 7476 words.

This article tests a theory to explain particularistic political spending not normally used on parliamentary systems. Using constituency-level data, we evaluate the merits of theories...

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Conclusion: The Future of Parliamentary Politics

David Judge, Cristina Leston-Bandeira and Louise Thompson.

in Exploring Parliament

February 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Institutions. 4782 words.

This concluding chapter reflects on the future of parliamentary politics by identifying key puzzles implicit in previous discussions which raise fundamental questions about what Parliament...

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Networks

Francesca Panzironi.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 9320 words.

A network may refer to “a group of interdependent actors and the relationships among them,” or to a set of nodes linked by a web of interdependencies. The concept of networks has its...

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Global Democracy

Raffaele Marchetti.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 9570 words.

Global democracy is a field of academic study and political activism concerned with making the global political system more democratic. This topic has become a central area of inquiry for...

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Statistical Analysis of International Interdependencies

Michael D. Ward.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 8478 words.

The origin of the statistical analysis of international relations can be traced back to 1920s with the work of Quincy Wright, who founded the University of Chicago’s Committee on...

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Spatial and Temporal Interdependence

Michael Colaresi and Jude C. Hays.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 10775 words.

Time and space are two dimensions that are likely to provide the paths—either singly or in tandem—by which international policy decisions are interdependent. There are several reasons to...

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Nationalism and Post-communist International Relations

Robert English, Ekaterina Svyatets and Azamat Zhanalin.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 13547 words.

Nationalism contributed to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and helped put an end to the epoch-defining East–West rivalry, while ethnic conflict rearranged borders and peoples across...

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Authority in World Politics

Thomas Hickmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 6995 words.

Much of the contemporary literature in the field of international studies deals with the concept of authority. Scholars concerned with global policymaking often suggest that the increasing...

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Technology and International Relations

Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 7613 words.

Throughout history, technology has played a significant role in international relations (IR). Technological development is an important factor underlying much of humanity’s social,...

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Game Theory and Other Modeling Approaches

Frank C. Zagare and Branislav L. Slantchev.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 11558 words.

Game theory is the science of interactive decision making. It has been used in the field of international relations (IR) for over 50 years. Almost all of the early applications of game...

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A Pragmatic View of Practice in International Relations

Friedrich Kratochwil.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions. 32076 words.

The recent turn to practices in international relations has been touted as a decisive step to provide a comprehensive theory of the field, comparable to the discovery of the “gluon” that...

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Measuring Spillovers in Markets for Local Public Affairs Coverage

James T. Hamilton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Communication

August 2017; p ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Political Behaviour; Political Institutions. 5501 words.

This chapter explores the evidence on how media coverage generates spillovers that influence the election and actions of local politicians. If a news story influences a reader’s decisions...

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Local Water Politics

Sara Hughes and Megan Mullin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

March 2018; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Public Policy; Political Institutions. 12223 words.

Decentralization in water management authority has shifted decision-making to the local level and expanded participation to include a wider set of actors. The result is a politics of water...

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Politometrics: Quantitative Models of Political Institutions

Josep M. Colomer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions; Political Methodology. 9918 words.

Logical models and statistical techniques have been used for measuring political and institutional variables, quantifying and explaining the relationships between them, testing theories,...

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The Judiciary and the Role of Law

Mathew D. McCubbins and Daniel B. Rodriguez.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics and Law; Political Institutions. 6276 words.

This article discusses the judiciary and the role of law. It talks about the implications of the approach for issues in statutory interpretation, and then examines the relationship between...

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Parliaments in Foreign Policy

Wolfgang Wagner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions; International Relations. 8466 words.

Parliaments differ enormously in their foreign policy competences. This is best documented in the area of “war powers,” understood as decision-making on the use of force. In other issue...

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Institutions and Policy Networks in Europe

Manuel Fischer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Networks

September 2017; p ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: European Union; Political Institutions. 10104 words.

This chapter reviews the European literature on institutions and policy networks. Institutions provide actors with opportunities and constraints for negotiation and cooperation and thus...

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Security Council

David M. Malone and Sebastian von Einsiedel.

in The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations

June 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: International Relations; Political Institutions. 11472 words.

This chapter provides a history of the Security Council from 1945 until today. The authors argue that the common division into a Cold War period, during which the Council was largely...

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The Baltic States in the European Union

Tanel Kerikmäe, Archil Chochia and Max Atallah.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions; International Relations. 12031 words.

Integration with the European Union has been far less distressing for the three Baltic States than for numerous other accessing countries owing to their strong societal impetus to (re)join...

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