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Prospect Theory and Political Decision-Making

Janice Gross Stein and Lior Sheffer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Political Science

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Political Behaviour; Political Theory. 8247 words.

Prospect theory has been adopted unevenly across different domains of political decision-making. Research drawing on prospect theory has contributed to important advances in the...

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Reflexive Governance and Multilevel Decision Making in Agricultural Policy

Peter H. Feindt.

in Reflexive Governance for Global Public Goods

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 7023 words.

This chapter examines the role of reflexive governance and multilevel decision-making in agricultural policy through conceptual examples and empirical evidence. It demonstrates the...

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From Public Reason to the Democratic Decision-Making Process

Benjamin R. Hertzberg.

in Chains of Persuasion

January 2019; p ublished online December 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Politics. 16477 words.

This chapter criticizes the ideal of public reason, showing that even when it is specified in several plausible ways, it does not provide citizens with sufficient guidance in evaluating...

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Decisions, Decisions

Alfred R. Mele.

in Free

November 2014; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 1488 words.

This chapter examines some of the arguments that have been put forward regarding free will. It first considers the meaning of free will, paying particular attention to three different views...

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Conclusion

Nancy Cartwright and Jeremy Hardie.

in Evidence-Based Policy

September 2012; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 970 words.

This chapter summarizes the book's main themes. The book has explained how to think about what facts will be relevant in order to collect the right evidence. That is what the metaphors of...

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Republics and Principalities

Edited by Marco Cesa.

in Machiavelli on International Relations

January 2014; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; International Relations. 6303 words.

This chapter presents seven excerpts from Discourses that express Machiavelli’s thoughts on republics and principalities. Topics covered include the recklessness of republican institutions...

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Two Methods of Social Ordering

Randy E. Barnett.

in The Structure of Liberty

February 2000; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 10743 words.

Personal and local knowledge can be harnessed by either centralized or decentralized decision‐making processes. Centralized decision‐making works insofar as the decision maker has access to...

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What Do Lotteries Do?

Peter Stone.

in The Luck of the Draw

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 12285 words.

This chapter defines a lottery as a process capable of generating a set of outcomes in which the particular outcome to be expected whenever the process occurs is unpredictable given...

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Democratic Reason

Hélène Landemore.

December 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Political Theory. 304 pages.

Individual decision making can often be wrong due to misinformation, impulses, or biases. Collective decision making, on the other hand, can be surprisingly accurate. This book demonstrates...

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Does Transparency Make a Difference? The Example of the European Council of Ministers

David Stasagage.

in Transparency: The Key to Better Governance?

September 2006; p ublished online February 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 6038 words.

In the panoply of European institutions that have been criticized for their secrecy and lack of accountability, the European Council of Ministers certainly ranks near the top of the list....

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The institutions of a legitimate deliberative democracy

John Parkinson.

in Deliberating in the Real World

June 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 10854 words.

This chapter summarizes the criteria for a legitimate deliberative democracy and assesses the different deliberative democratic models against those criteria. It points out that no single...

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Representation and Social Perspective

Iris Marion Young.

in Inclusion and Democracy

April 2002; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 13746 words.

Democratic participation and fair representation are not contraries, but rather mutually require one another. In societies with structural injustices that politically marginalize some...

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Conclusion

Peter Stone.

in The Luck of the Draw

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 7594 words.

The final chapter of the book summarizes the book's argument. Lotteries, when they are desirable at all, are desirable because of their sanitizing effect. If there are no good reasons for...

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The Luck of the Draw

Peter Stone.

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Political Theory. 208 pages.

From the earliest times, people have used lotteries to make decisions—by drawing straws, tossing coins, picking names out of hats, and so on. (This practice is sometimes known as sortition,...

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Galle Toubaaco before the Programme

Ben Cislaghi.

in Human Rights and Community-led Development

January 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 18246 words.

Chapter 4 pictures the rural community of Galle Toubaaco before the Tostan programme. It looks at three aspects of community members’ life that are tracked throughout the HRE part of their...

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Mini-Publics and Deliberative Democracy

Graham Smith and Maija Setälä.

in The Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy

September 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political Theory. 6659 words.

Deliberative mini-publics are institutions in which a diverse body of citizens is selected randomly to reason together about an issue of public concern. Despite the intense scholarly...

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Questions and conclusions

John Parkinson.

in Deliberating in the Real World

June 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 1676 words.

This chapter presents a brief conclusion which summarizes the main argument: that fully legitimate, deliberative, and democratic decision making can only be of the macro kind, not the...

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Freedom and Authority

Robin Archer.

in Economic Democracy

December 1998; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 10698 words.

Appeals to widely held values of individual freedom and equality in order to derive some basic principles of democracy. It also shows that these values constitute the moral basis of...

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Refugee Women in Britain and France

Gill Allwood and Khursheed Wadia.

July 2010; p ublished online July 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Political Theory. 224 pages.

This book is about the lives of refugee women in Britain and France. Who are they? Where do they come from? What happens to them when they arrive, while they wait for a decision on their...

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Caucus Governance and the Emergence of the Organizational Cartel, 1861–1891

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart.

in Fighting for the Speakership

November 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory. 15584 words.

This chapter examines the emergence of the organizational cartel based on caucus decision making during the period 1861–1891. It considers how the caucus-induced, organizational arrangement...

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