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decision-making x Neurology x Clinical Neuroscience x clear all

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Intertemporal Decision-Making Involves Prefrontal Control Mechanisms Associated with Working Memory

Koji Jimura, Maria S Chushak, Andrew Westbrook and Todd S Braver.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2018; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9111 words.

Abstract

Intertemporal decision-making involves simultaneous evaluation of both the magnitude and delay to reward, which may require the integrated...

Adaptive Engagement of Cognitive Control in Context-Dependent Decision Making

Michael L. Waskom, Michael C. Frank and Anthony D. Wagner.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 13274 words.

Abstract

Many decisions require a context-dependent mapping from sensory evidence to action. The capacity for flexible information processing of this sort is...

Dominant men are faster in decision-making situations and exhibit a distinct neural signal for promptness

Janir da Cruz, João Rodrigues, John C Thoresen, Vitaly Chicherov, Patrícia Figueiredo, Michael H Herzog and Carmen Sandi.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 10547 words.

Abstract

Social dominance, the main organizing principle of social hierarchies, facilitates priority access to resources by dominant individuals. Throughout...

Contributions of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex to Social Influence in Economic Decision-Making

M.A.J. Apps and N. Ramnani.

in Cerebral Cortex

September 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 12109 words.

Abstract

Economic decisions are guided by highly subjective reward valuations (SVs). Often these SVs are over-ridden when individuals conform to social norms....

Transcranial Stimulation Over the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Increases the Impact of Past Expenses on Decision-Making

Mario Bogdanov, Christian C. Ruff and Lars Schwabe.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 6939 words.

Abstract

Goal-directed choices should be guided by the expected value of the available options. However, people are often influenced by past costs in their...

Improvements in Attention and Decision-Making Following Combined Behavioral Training and Brain Stimulation

Hannah L. Filmer, Elizabeth Varghese, Guy E. Hawkins, Jason B. Mattingley and Paul E. Dux.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2017; p ublished online July 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 5893 words.

Abstract

In recent years there has been a significant commercial interest in ‘brain training’ – massed or spaced practice on a small set of tasks to boost...

Prefrontal Cortical Inactivations Decrease Willingness to Expend Cognitive Effort on a Rodent Cost/Benefit Decision-Making Task

Jay G. Hosking, Paul J. Cocker and Catharine A. Winstanley.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2016; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7667 words.

Personal success often necessitates expending greater effort for greater reward but, equally important, also requires judicious use of our limited cognitive resources (e.g., attention)....

Memory, Decision-Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex (vmPFC): The Roles of Subcallosal and Posterior Orbitofrontal Cortices in Monitoring and Control Processes

Melissa Hebscher, Moran Barkan-Abramski, Morris Goldsmith, Judith Aharon-Peretz and Asaf Gilboa.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7660 words.

Abstract

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) prominently and separately features in neurobiological models of decision-making (e.g., value-encoding) and...

Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance

René San Martín, Lawrence G. Appelbaum, Scott A. Huettel and Marty G. Woldorff.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2016; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9248 words.

Adaptive choice behavior depends critically on identifying and learning from outcome-predicting cues. We hypothesized that attention may be preferentially directed toward certain...

Age Differences in the Neural Mechanisms of Intertemporal Choice Under Subjective Decision Conflict

Ben Eppinger, Hauke R Heekeren and Shu-Chen Li.

in Cerebral Cortex

November 2018; p ublished online September 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 8945 words.

Abstract

Older decision-makers may capitalize on their greater experiences in financial decisions and by this offset decline in cognitive abilities. However,...

Legal and ethical issues

Edited by Sue Woodward and Catheryne Waterhouse.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroscience Nursing

P ublished online August 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Medical Ethics; Clinical Neuroscience. 6174 words.

Stem cell research - Genetic testing—reproductive choices - Genetic testing, disclosure, and decision-making - Privacy, confidentiality, and disclosure of information - Access to healthcare...

Go to »  abstract

Prestimulus Alpha Power Influences Tactile Temporal Perceptual Discrimination and Confidence in Decisions

Thomas J. Baumgarten, Alfons Schnitzler and Joachim Lange.

in Cerebral Cortex

March 2016; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 11242 words.

Recent studies have demonstrated that prestimulus alpha-band activity substantially influences perception of near-threshold stimuli. Here, we studied the influence of prestimulus alpha...

Here Comes Trouble: Prestimulus Brain Activity Predicts Enhanced Perception of Threat

Tamara J. Sussman, Anna Weinberg, Akos Szekely, Greg Hajcak and Aprajita Mohanty.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2017; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 11460 words.

Abstract

Research on the perceptual prioritization of threatening stimuli has focused primarily on the physical characteristics and evolutionary salience of...

Behavioral Regulation and the Modulation of Information Coding in the Lateral Prefrontal and Cingulate Cortex

Mehdi Khamassi, René Quilodran, Pierre Enel, Peter F. Dominey and Emmanuel Procyk.

in Cerebral Cortex

September 2015; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 17542 words.

To explain the high level of flexibility in primate decision-making, theoretical models often invoke reinforcement-based mechanisms, performance monitoring functions, and core neural...

Evidence for Mediodorsal Thalamus and Prefrontal Cortex Interactions during Cognition in Macaques

Philip G. F. Browning, Subhojit Chakraborty and Anna S. Mitchell.

in Cerebral Cortex

November 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 11275 words.

It is proposed that mediodorsal thalamus contributes to cognition via interactions with prefrontal cortex. However, there is relatively little evidence detailing the interactions between...

Go to »  full text: open access

The Neuro-Computational Architecture of Value-Based Selection in the Human Brain

Philippe Domenech, Jérôme Redouté, Etienne Koechlin and Jean-Claude Dreher.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2018; p ublished online January 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 13585 words.

Abstract

Current neural models of value-based decision-making consider choices as a 2-stage process, proceeding from the “valuation” of each option under...

Distinct Stages of Moment-to-Moment Processing in the Cinguloopercular and Frontoparietal Networks

C. Gratton, M. Neta, H. Sun, E. J. Ploran, B. L. Schlaggar, M. E. Wheeler, S. E. Petersen and S. M. Nelson.

in Cerebral Cortex

March 2017; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 10878 words.

Abstract

Control of goal-directed tasks is putatively carried out via the cinguloopercular (CO) and frontoparietal (FP) systems. However, it remains unclear...

Medial Frontal Circuit Dynamics Represents Probabilistic Choices for Unfamiliar Sensory Experience

Takashi Handa, Takashi Takekawa, Rie Harukuni, Yoshikazu Isomura and Tomoki Fukai.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9313 words.

Abstract

Neurons in medial frontal cortex (MFC) receive sensory signals that are crucial for decision-making behavior. While decision-making is easy for...

CREB1 Genotype Modulates Adaptive Reward-Based Decisions in Humans

Claudia Wolf, Holger Mohr, Esther K. Diekhof, Henning Vieker, Roberto Goya-Maldonado, Sarah Trost, Bernd Krämer, Maria Keil, Elisabeth B. Binder and Oliver Gruber.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2016; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7843 words.

Cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) contributes to adaptation of mesocorticolimbic networks by modulating activity-regulated transcription and plasticity in neurons. Activity...

Ventromedial Frontal Lobe Damage Alters how Specific Attributes are Weighed in Subjective Valuation

Avinash R Vaidya, Marcus Sefranek and Lesley K Fellows.

in Cerebral Cortex

November 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9456 words.

Abstract

The concept of subjective value is central to current neurobiological views of economic decision-making. Much of this work has focused on signals in...