Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 101 items for:

decision-making x Neurology x Science and Mathematics x clear all

Decision-making in mania: a PET study

Judy S. Rubinsztein, Paul C. Fletcher, Robert D. Rogers, Luk W. Ho, Franklin I. Aigbirhio, Eugene S. Paykel, Trevor W. Robbins and Barbara J. Sahakian.

in Brain

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8903 words.

Poor decision-making is often observed clinically in the manic syndrome. In normal volunteers, decision-making has been associated with activation in the ventral prefrontal cortex and the...

Decision‐making processes following damage to the prefrontal cortex

Facundo Manes, Barbara Sahakian, Luke Clark, Robert Rogers, Nagui Antoun, Mike Aitken and Trevor Robbins.

in Brain

March 2002; p ublished online March 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9842 words.

Recent work has suggested an association between the orbitofrontal cortex in humans and practical decision making. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of cognitive deficits,...

Intertemporal Decision-Making Involves Prefrontal Control Mechanisms Associated with Working Memory

Koji Jimura, Maria S Chushak, Andrew Westbrook and Todd S Braver.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2018; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9111 words.

Abstract

Intertemporal decision-making involves simultaneous evaluation of both the magnitude and delay to reward, which may require the integrated...

Adaptive Engagement of Cognitive Control in Context-Dependent Decision Making

Michael L. Waskom, Michael C. Frank and Anthony D. Wagner.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 13274 words.

Abstract

Many decisions require a context-dependent mapping from sensory evidence to action. The capacity for flexible information processing of this sort is...

Tourette syndrome: a disorder of the social decision-making network

Roger L Albin.

in Brain

February 2018; p ublished online August 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuropathology; Sensory and Motor Systems; Disorders of the Nervous System. 12199 words.

Abstract

Tourette syndrome is a common neurodevelopmental disorder defined by characteristic involuntary movements, tics, with both motor and phonic...

Effect of Psilocybin on Empathy and Moral Decision-Making

Thomas Pokorny, Katrin H Preller, Michael Kometer, Isabel Dziobek and Franz X Vollenweider.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

P ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 7740 words.

Abstract

Background

Impaired empathic abilities lead to severe negative social consequences and influence the...

Differential effects of insular and ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions on risky decision-making

L. Clark, A. Bechara, H. Damasio, M. R. F. Aitken, B. J. Sahakian and T. W. Robbins.

in Brain

May 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7809 words.

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and insular cortex are implicated in distributed neural circuitry that supports emotional decision-making. Previous studies of patients with vmPFC...

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Distinct roles of dopamine and subthalamic nucleus in learning and probabilistic decision making

Elizabeth J. Coulthard, Rafal Bogacz, Shazia Javed, Lucy K. Mooney, Gillian Murphy, Sophie Keeley and Alan L. Whone.

in Brain

December 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8119 words.

Even simple behaviour requires us to make decisions based on combining multiple pieces of learned and new information. Making such decisions requires both learning the optimal response to...

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Deficits in decision-making in patients with aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery

N. Mavaddat, P. J. Kirkpatrick, R. D. Rogers and B. J. Sahakian.

in Brain

October 2000; p ublished online October 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6370 words.

Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) secondary to ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms (ACoA) often suffer from neuropsychological sequelae including...

Parcellating the neuroanatomical basis of impaired decision-making in traumatic brain injury

Virginia F. J. Newcombe, Joanne G. Outtrim, Doris A. Chatfield, Anne Manktelow, Peter J. Hutchinson, Jonathan P. Coles, Guy B. Williams, Barbara J. Sahakian and David K. Menon.

in Brain

March 2011; p ublished online February 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6304 words.

Cognitive dysfunction is a devastating consequence of traumatic brain injury that affects the majority of those who survive with moderate-to-severe injury, and many patients with mild head...

Dysfunctional effort-based decision-making underlies apathy in genetic cerebral small vessel disease

Campbell Le Heron, Sanjay Manohar, Olivia Plant, Kinan Muhammed, Ludovica Griffanti, Andrea Nemeth, Gwenaëlle Douaud, Hugh S Markus and Masud Husain.

in Brain

November 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neurology; Psychiatry. 11885 words.

Abstract

Apathy is a syndrome of reduced motivation that commonly occurs in patients with cerebral small vessel disease, including those with the early onset...

Dominant men are faster in decision-making situations and exhibit a distinct neural signal for promptness

Janir da Cruz, João Rodrigues, John C Thoresen, Vitaly Chicherov, Patrícia Figueiredo, Michael H Herzog and Carmen Sandi.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 10547 words.

Abstract

Social dominance, the main organizing principle of social hierarchies, facilitates priority access to resources by dominant individuals. Throughout...

Distinct effects of apathy and dopamine on effort-based decision-making in Parkinson’s disease

Campbell Le Heron, Olivia Plant, Sanjay Manohar, Yuen-Siang Ang, Matthew Jackson, Graham Lennox, Michele T Hu and Masud Husain.

in Brain

May 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neurology; Psychiatry. 9210 words.

Abstract

Effort-based decision-making is a cognitive process crucial to normal motivated behaviour. Apathy is a common and disabling complication of...

Contributions of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex to Social Influence in Economic Decision-Making

M.A.J. Apps and N. Ramnani.

in Cerebral Cortex

September 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 12109 words.

Abstract

Economic decisions are guided by highly subjective reward valuations (SVs). Often these SVs are over-ridden when individuals conform to social norms....

Transcranial Stimulation Over the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Increases the Impact of Past Expenses on Decision-Making

Mario Bogdanov, Christian C. Ruff and Lars Schwabe.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 6939 words.

Abstract

Goal-directed choices should be guided by the expected value of the available options. However, people are often influenced by past costs in their...

Improvements in Attention and Decision-Making Following Combined Behavioral Training and Brain Stimulation

Hannah L. Filmer, Elizabeth Varghese, Guy E. Hawkins, Jason B. Mattingley and Paul E. Dux.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2017; p ublished online July 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 5893 words.

Abstract

In recent years there has been a significant commercial interest in ‘brain training’ – massed or spaced practice on a small set of tasks to boost...

Deciding how to decide: ventromedial frontal lobe damage affects information acquisition in multi-attribute decision making

Lesley K. Fellows.

in Brain

April 2006; p ublished online February 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6413 words.

Ventromedial frontal lobe (VMF) damage is associated with impaired decision making. Recent efforts to understand the functions of this brain region have focused on its role in tracking...

Decision-making and trait impulsivity in bipolar disorder are associated with reduced prefrontal regulation of striatal reward valuation

Liam Mason, Noreen O’Sullivan, Daniela Montaldi, Richard P. Bentall and Wael El-Deredy.

in Brain

August 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6199 words.

Bipolar disorder is characterized by impaired decision-making captured in impulsivity and risk-taking. We sought to determine whether this is driven by a failure to effectively weight the...

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Prefrontal Cortical Inactivations Decrease Willingness to Expend Cognitive Effort on a Rodent Cost/Benefit Decision-Making Task

Jay G. Hosking, Paul J. Cocker and Catharine A. Winstanley.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2016; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7667 words.

Personal success often necessitates expending greater effort for greater reward but, equally important, also requires judicious use of our limited cognitive resources (e.g., attention)....

Memory, Decision-Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex (vmPFC): The Roles of Subcallosal and Posterior Orbitofrontal Cortices in Monitoring and Control Processes

Melissa Hebscher, Moran Barkan-Abramski, Morris Goldsmith, Judith Aharon-Peretz and Asaf Gilboa.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7660 words.

Abstract

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) prominently and separately features in neurobiological models of decision-making (e.g., value-encoding) and...