Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 123 items for:

decision-making x Biological Sciences x Pathology x clear all

Vaccine Administration Decision Making: The Case of Yellow Fever Vaccine

Beth A. Lown, Lin H. Chen, Mary E. Wilson, Emily Sisson, Mark Gershman, Emad Yanni, Emily S. Jentes, Natasha S. Hochberg, Davidson H. Hamer and Elizabeth D. Barnett.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

September 2012; p ublished online June 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4318 words.

Background.  Providers must counsel travelers to yellow fever (YF)–endemic areas, although risk estimates of disease and vaccine serious adverse...

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Gram-Negative Polymicrobial Bloodstream Infections and Clinical Decision Making with a Microarray Testing System

Kimberly Claeys, Jason Pogue, Paul Lephart, Emily Heil and J Kristie Johnson.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Molecular rapid diagnostic tests, such as the microarray-based Verigene Gram-Negative Blood...

Tuberculosis Surveillance: Data for Decision-Making

Kenneth G. Castro.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

May 2007; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 1824 words.

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Decision Making During Healthcare-Associated Infection Surveillance: A Rationale for Automation

William E. Trick.

Edited by Robert A. Weinstein.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3909 words.

Attention to healthcare-associated infections has increased, in part due to legislative mandates for monitoring infections and federal payment policies. Current systems, which rely on...

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Digital Decision Making: Computer Models and Antibiotic Prescribing in the Twenty-First Century

Bruce Y. Lee.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

April 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 1771 words.

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How to Use Antimicrobial Use Data? A Model to Support Decision-Making and Facilitate Understanding

Makoto Jones, Karim Khader, Benedikt Huttner, Christopher Graber, Yue Zhang, Matthew Samore, Karl Madaras-Kelly, Matthew Goetz and Peter Glassman.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Antimicrobial use data are increasingly available, yet it is not clear how to use them most...

Virtual Patient Simulation in HIV: An Online Educational Tool to Improve Evidence-Based Clinical Decision-Making

Simi Hurst and Douglas Blevins.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Approximately 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV. Although an...

Decision-Making on the Use of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis for Dental Procedures: A Survey of Infectious Disease Consultants and Review

Peter B. Lockhart, Michael T. Brennan, Philip C. Fox, H. James Norton, Daniel B. Jernigan and Larry J. Strausbaugh.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

June 2002; p ublished online June 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4320 words.

There is debate concerning use of antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures for patients at risk of acquiring distant site infection (DSI). We determined the opinions and...

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Physician Perceptions and Attitudes Towards an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program and Computerized Decision-making Systems: A Focus Group Study

Alvin Qijia Chua, Sing Teang Kong, Lai Wei Lee, Daphne Yah Chieh Yii, Sarah Si Lin Tang, Winnie Lee, Andrea L Kwa and Desiree Lie.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) often employ multi-pronged strategies, including...

Away with words: commentary on the Atlan–Cohen essay `Immune information, self-organization and meaning'

Rodney E. Langman and Melvin Cohn.

in International Immunology

June 1999; p ublished online June 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Immunology; Biological Sciences. 5136 words.

Drawing on metaphors from linguistics and information theory, Atlan and Cohen challenge us to take a very different view of the immune system, one that engages in constant chatter among the...

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A system's approach to dissecting immunity (LL4-2)

A. Aderem.

in International Immunology Meeting Abstracts

August 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Immunology; Biochemical Immunology. 0 words.

Macrophages and dendritic cells represent one of the cornerstones of the innate immune system. They detect infectious organisms and then orchestrate an appropriate host response to them. In...

Genetic toxicology at the crossroads—from qualitative hazard evaluation to quantitative risk assessment

Paul A. White and George E. Johnson.

in Mutagenesis

May 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 4363 words.

Applied genetic toxicology is undergoing a transition from qualitative hazard identification to quantitative dose–response analysis and risk assessment. To facilitate this change, the...

Pharmacology-based toxicity assessment: towards quantitative risk prediction in humans

Tarjinder Sahota, Meindert Danhof and Oscar Della Pasqua.

in Mutagenesis

May 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 14534 words.

Despite ongoing efforts to better understand the mechanisms underlying safety and toxicity, ~30% of the attrition in drug discovery and development is still due to safety concerns. Changes...

Comparison of in vitro and in vivo clastogenic potency based on benchmark dose analysis of flow cytometric micronucleus data

Jeffrey C. Bemis, John W. Wills, Steven M. Bryce, Dorothea K. Torous, Stephen D. Dertinger and Wout Slob.

in Mutagenesis

May 2016; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 5460 words.

The application of flow cytometry as a scoring platform for both in vivo and in vitro micronucleus (MN) studies has enabled the efficient generation of high quality datasets suitable for...

MutAIT: an online genetic toxicology data portal and analysis tools

Daniele Avancini, Georgina E. Menzies, Claire Morgan, John Wills, George E. Johnson, Paul A. White and Paul D. Lewis.

in Mutagenesis

May 2016; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 2584 words.

Assessment of genetic toxicity and/or carcinogenic activity is an essential element of chemical screening programs employed to protect human health. Dose–response and gene mutation data are...

Empirical analysis of BMD metrics in genetic toxicology part I: in vitro analyses to provide robust potency rankings and support MOA determinations

John W. Wills, George E. Johnson, Shareen H. Doak, Lya G. Soeteman-Hernández, Wout Slob and Paul A. White.

in Mutagenesis

May 2016; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 6412 words.

Genetic toxicity testing has traditionally been used for hazard identification, with dichotomous classification of test results serving to identify genotoxic agents. However, the utility of...

Estimating the Cost of Health Care-Associated Infections: Mind Your p's and q's

Nicholas Graves, Stephan Harbarth, Jan Beyersmann, Adrian Barnett, Kate Halton and Ben Cooper.

Edited by Robert A. Weinstein.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

April 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4413 words.

Monetary valuations of the economic cost of health care-associated infections (HAIs) are important for decision making and should be estimated accurately. Erroneously high estimates of...

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Using Results From Infectious Disease Modeling to Improve the Response to a Potential H7N9 Influenza Pandemic

Sonja A. Rasmussen and Stephen C. Redd.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

May 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 1173 words.

As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other government agencies prepared for a possible H7N9 pandemic, many questions arose about the virus's expected burden and the...

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Biofilm Formation: A Clinically Relevant Microbiological Process

Rodney M. Donlan.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

October 2001; p ublished online October 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4199 words.

Microorganisms universally attach to surfaces and produce extracellular polysaccharides, resulting in the formation of a biofilm. Biofilms pose a serious problem for public health because...

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Lessons Learned in Antibiotic Stewardship: Fluoroquinolone Use in Pediatrics

Adam L. Hersh, Jeffrey S. Gerber, Lauri A. Hicks and Andrew T. Pavia.

in Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

March 2015; p ublished online May 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 1478 words.

The use of fluoroquinolones differs dramatically between adult and pediatric patients. For adults, they are the leading class of antibiotics prescribed in ambulatory care visits whereas in...