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decision-making x Biological Sciences x Bioethics x clear all

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Adolescent Parents and Medical Decision-Making

Kenneth De Ville.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The growing phenomenon of teenage pregnancy introduces the problem of who should serve as surrogate decision makers for the children of adolescent parents. The justifications which sanction...

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The Precautionary Principle and Medical Decision Making

David B. Resnik.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The precautionary principle is a useful strategy for decision-making when physicians and patients lack evidence relating to the potential outcomes associated with various choices. According...

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Toward a Coherent Account of Pediatric Decision Making

Ana S. Iltis.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 12844 words.

Within and among societies, there are competing understandings of the status of children, including debates over whether they can bear rights and, if so, which rights they bear and against...

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Parental Authority and Pediatric Bioethical Decision Making

Mark J. Cherry.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 9068 words.

In this paper, I offer a view beyond that which would narrowly reduce the role of parents in medical decision making to acting as custodians of the best interests of children and toward an...

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Adolescent Psychological Development, Parenting Styles, and Pediatric Decision Making

Brian C. Partridge.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 3200 words.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child risks harm to adolescents insofar as it encourages not only poor decision making by adolescents but also parenting styles that will...

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Dementia and Dignity: Towards a New Method of Surrogate Decision Making

Elysa R. Koppelman.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Autonomous decisions are decisions that reflect the self who makes them. Since patients in need of surrogate decision making can no longer enjoy the dignity of being free to express who...

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Love as a Regulative Ideal in Surrogate Decision Making

Erica Lucast Stonestreet.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 10774 words.

This discussion aims to give a normative theoretical basis for a “best judgment” model of surrogate decision making rooted in a regulative ideal of love. Currently, there are two basic...

The Role of Moral Imagination in Patients’ Decision-Making

Kjetil Rommetveit, Jackie Leach Scully and Rouven Porz.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

April 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 5754 words.

This article reviews recent developments within a number of academic disciplines pointing toward an increasing importance of imagination for understanding morality and cognition. Using...

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Managing Scientific Uncertainty in Medical Decision Making: The Case of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

J. Michael Martinez.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

February 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8968 words.

This article explores the question of how scientific uncertainty can be managed in medical decision making using the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices as a case study. It...

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A Family-Oriented Decision-Making Model for Human Research in Mainland China

Deng Rui.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

August 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8409 words.

This essay argues that individual-oriented informed consent is inadequate to protect human research subjects in mainland China. The practice of family-oriented decision-making is better...

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The Family and Harmonious Medical Decision Making: Cherishing an Appropriate Confucian Moral Balance

Xiaoyang Chen and Ruiping Fan.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 6606 words.

This essay illustrates what the Chinese family-based and harmony-oriented model of medical decision making is like as well as how it differs from the modern Western individual-based and...

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Re-Thinking the Role of the Family in Medical Decision-Making

Mark J. Cherry.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

August 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 10938 words.

This paper challenges the foundational claim that the human family is no more than a social construction. It advances the position that the family is a central category of experience,...

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Ignoring the Data and Endangering Children: Why the Mature Minor Standard for Medical Decision Making Must Be Abandoned

Mark J. Cherry.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

June 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7437 words.

In Roper v. Simmons (2005) the United States Supreme Court announced a paradigm shift in jurisprudence. Drawing specifically on mounting scientific evidence that adolescents are...

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Resisting the Siren Call of Individualism in Pediatric Decision-Making and the Role of Relational Interests

Erica K. Salter.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

February 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Public Policy; Bioethics; Medical Ethics. 6516 words.

The siren call of individualism is compelling. And although we have recognized its dangerous allure in the realm of adult decision-making, it has had profound and yet unnoticed dangerous...

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Beyond the Best Interests of Children: Four Views of the Family and of Foundational Disagreements Regarding Pediatric Decision Making

H. Tristram Engelhardt.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8677 words.

This paper presents four different understandings of the family and their concomitant views of the authority of the family in pediatric medical decision making. These different views are...

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On Abortion, Capital Punishment, Surrogate Decision-making, and Genetic Enhancement

Victor Saenz.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 3783 words.

Medical Decision Making and the Family: An Examination of Controversies

Mingxu Wang, Ping-Cheung Lo and Ruiping Fan.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 2378 words.

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Collective Moral Imagination: Making Decisions for Persons With Dementia

Elisabeth Boetzkes Gedge.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Much debate concerning ‘precedent autonomy’ – that is, the authority of former, competent selves to govern the welfare of later, non-competent selves – has assumed a radical discontinuity...

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Quality of Life: The Contested Rhetoric of Resource Allocation and End-of-Life Decision Making

David Nantais and Mark Kuczewski.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The term “quality of life” has a long history in the bioethics literature. It is usually used in one of two contexts: in resource allocation discussions in the hope of arriving at an...

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The Ambivalence of Protocells: Challenges for Self-Reflexive Ethics

Brigitte Hantsche-Tangen.

in The Ethics of Protocells

April 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 9588 words.

This chapter deals with the public’s role in decision making about new technologies is a contentious issue. It highlights the difficulty of giving due weight to societal values when making...

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