Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 85 items for:

decision-making x Biological Sciences x Evolutionary Biology x clear all

Choice processes in multialternative decision making

Cynthia Schuck-Paim and Alex Kacelnik.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2007; p ublished online March 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8415 words.

We study how the mechanisms of choice influence preferences when animals face more than 2 alternatives simultaneously. Choice mechanisms can be hierarchical (if alternatives are assigned to...

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Nest value mediates reproductive decision making within termite societies

Katharina Hoffmann, Kevin R. Foster and Judith Korb.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4956 words.

The influences of costs and benefits on social evolution remain poorly understood, despite their importance for explaining social behavior, and continue to fuel high-profile debates. Here,...

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Rate maximization and hyperbolic discounting in human experiential intertemporal decision making

Maayke Suzanne Seinstra, Manuela Sellitto and Tobias Kalenscher.

Edited by David Stephens.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 9867 words.

Abstract

Decisions between differently timed outcomes are a well-studied topic in as diverse academic disciplines as economics, psychology, and behavioral...

Innovation, Replicative Behavior, and Evolvability: Contributions from Neuroscience and Human Decision-Making Theory

Daniel O. Larson.

in Innovation in Cultural Systems

October 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 5272 words.

This chapter argues that human cognitive processes and brain functions have evolved from a shared common history of natural selection under varying social and natural pressures. It...

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Experience-dependent flexibility in collective decision making by house-hunting ants

Nathalie Stroeymeyt, Elva J.H. Robinson, Patrick M. Hogan, James A.R. Marshall, Martin Giurfa and Nigel R. Franks.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6647 words.

When making a decision, solitary animals often adjust to local conditions by using flexible evaluation and decision criteria, even though these may occasionally lead to irrationality. By...

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Roosting behavior and group decision making in 2 syntopic bat species with fission–fusion societies

Daniela Fleischmann and Gerald Kerth.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7282 words.

In many social species, individuals make group decisions to coordinate their actions. Despite the importance of group decisions for successful group living, few studies investigated how...

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Food limitation leads to risky decision making and to tradeoffs with oviposition

Zachary Stahlschmidt, Mary Elizabeth O’Leary and Shelley Adamo.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4504 words.

A growing body of research over the past decade indicates that interindividual variation in behavior can result from a variety of factors. Two important sources of this variation are...

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Statistically testing the role of individual learning and decision-making in trapline foraging

Carolyn A Ayers, Paul R Armsworth and Berry J Brosi.

in Behavioral Ecology

July 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 7350 words.

Abstract

Trapline foraging, a behavior consisting of repeated visitation to spatially fixed resources in a predictable sequence, has been observed over diverse...

Decision making in dispersing Siberian flying squirrels

Vesa Selonen and Ilpo K. Hanski.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2010; p ublished online December 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6570 words.

How an individual selects resources of varying quality is essential for its future fitness. Decision rules that animals use to select novel items have long been studied in the context of...

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Background context and decision making in hoarding gray jays

Thomas A. Waite.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2001; p ublished online May 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6098 words.

If decision makers assign stable fitness-related values to options, preference for the most valuable of simultaneously encountered options should be independent of background context...

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The challenges of mixing associational learning theory with information-based decision-making theory

Meredith Root-Bernstein.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 3251 words.

Behavioral ecologists frequently incorporate associational learning (AL) concepts into studies of choice behavior. Within behavioral ecology, AL is often considered a mechanism for...

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Reproductive decision-making in the termite, Cryptotermes secundus (Kalotermitidae), under variable food conditions

Judith Korb and Michael Lenz.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2004; p ublished online May 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4883 words.

Relatedness concepts have dominated the discussion on the evolution and maintenance of eusociality in social insects. In the diploid termites, explanations based on relatedness asymmetries...

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Reproductive decision-making by female peacock wrasses: flexible versus fixed behavioral rules in variable environments

Barney Luttbeg and Robert R. Warner.

in Behavioral Ecology

November 1999; p ublished online November 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6981 words.

Because environments are temporally variable, animals may often estimate the current environmental state to inform their behavioral choices. However, using experience may cause behavior to...

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Habitat choice and complex decision making in a trap-building predator

Shay Adar, Roi Dor and Inon Scharf.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 6347 words.

The selection of a suitable habitat may maximize the survival and reproduction chances of individuals. We examined the habitat choice of wormlions, small sand-dwelling insects that...

State-dependent decision making: educated predators strategically trade off the costs and benefits of consuming aposematic prey

CA Barnett, M Bateson and C Rowe.

in Behavioral Ecology

July 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5264 words.

Aposematic prey advertise their defences, such as toxins or stings, to visually hunting predators using conspicuous warning coloration. Both the conspicuousness and the chemical content of...

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The Evolution of Innovation-Enhancing Institutions

Joseph Henrich.

in Innovation in Cultural Systems

October 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 9987 words.

This chapter uses an integrated approach to decision making and cultural evolution to analyze the development of population-level differences in innovativeness. It outlines research showing...

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The Power of Moral Belief

Scott Atran.

in Natural Security

January 2008; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 1840 words.

Suicide attacks have grown exponentially in recent years and result in roughly 50% of the casualties due to terrorism. This chapter examines the role of religion in motivating...

Go to University of California Press »  abstract

INTEGRITY

Frederick Grinnell.

in Everyday Practice of Science

December 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 10168 words.

Chapter 4 analyzes everyday practice of science in the context of surrounding sociocultural, political, and economic factors. Science policy determines what work will be done, who will do...

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INFORMED CONSENT AND RISK

Frederick Grinnell.

in Everyday Practice of Science

December 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 8125 words.

Chapter 5 presents an overview of ethical challenges to human research, especially the paradoxical relationship between research risks (mostly to the subject) and benefits (mostly to...

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Pregnancy in a Comparative Light

John C. Avise.

in Evolutionary Perspectives on Pregnancy

January 2013; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 5667 words.

This chapter examines the impact of alternative gestational modes (i.e. female/male pregnancy and internal/external brooding) on sexual selection and natural selection. In terms of sexual...

Go to Columbia University Press »  abstract