Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 22 items for:

decision-making x Biological Sciences x Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology x clear all

decision-making

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 239 words.

The process of changing from one activity to another, where there is incompatibility between the two activities. The term ‘decision-making’

decision-making

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 235 words.

The process of changing from one activity to another, where there is incompatibility between the two activities. The term ‘decision-making’,

Rate maximization and hyperbolic discounting in human experiential intertemporal decision making

Maayke Suzanne Seinstra, Manuela Sellitto and Tobias Kalenscher.

Edited by David Stephens.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 9867 words.

Abstract

Decisions between differently timed outcomes are a well-studied topic in as diverse academic disciplines as economics, psychology, and behavioral...

Statistically testing the role of individual learning and decision-making in trapline foraging

Carolyn A Ayers, Paul R Armsworth and Berry J Brosi.

in Behavioral Ecology

July 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 7350 words.

Abstract

Trapline foraging, a behavior consisting of repeated visitation to spatially fixed resources in a predictable sequence, has been observed over diverse...

Decision Making and Leadership in Using the Ecosystem

Hamisi Mutinda, Joyce H. Poole and Cynthia J. Moss.

in The Amboseli Elephants

March 2011; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 8726 words.

As elephants compete for food, water, and mates, dominant groups and individuals will access higher-quality food resources and, in the case of males, a greater number of mates than those...

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Habitat choice and complex decision making in a trap-building predator

Shay Adar, Roi Dor and Inon Scharf.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 6347 words.

The selection of a suitable habitat may maximize the survival and reproduction chances of individuals. We examined the habitat choice of wormlions, small sand-dwelling insects that...

rationality

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 239 words.

An aspect of *decision-making. Rational decision-making is self-consistent, a property that is usually called transitivity of choice. Suppose

rationality

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 237 words.

An aspect of decision-making. Rational decision-making is self-consistent, a property that is usually called transitivity-of-choice. Suppose an animal can

constraints

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 82 words.

Factors that prevent an animal from exercising behavioural options. Constraints are usually invoked in the study of animal *decision-making

constraints

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 34 words.

Factors that prevent an animal from exercising behavioural options. Constraints are usually invoked in the study of animal decision-making and

Introduction

Edited by Reuven Dukas and John M. Ratcliffe.

in Cognitive Ecology II

November 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 1776 words.

This chapter provides an introduction to cognitive ecology that gives attention to ecology and the evolution of “cognition,” defining it as the neuronal processes concerned with the...

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Aggressive spiders make the wrong decision in a difficult task

Chia-chen Chang, Zhi Yun Lim, Danielle A Klomp, Yusoff Norma-Rashid and Daiqin Li.

in Behavioral Ecology

July 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 6069 words.

Abstract

Accurate and timely decisions are critical for foraging, predator avoidance, and reproductive success. However, there is often a trade-off between...

Foraging bumblebees use social cues more when the task is difficult

David Baracchi, Vera Vasas, Soha Jamshed Iqbal and Sylvain Alem.

Edited by Dan Papaj.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 5896 words.

Abstract

When foraging in their natural environment, many animals readily complement their personal knowledge with additional social information. To balance...

Dominance and the initiation of group feeding events: the modifying effect of sociality

Julian C Evans, Teri B Jones and Julie Morand-Ferron.

Edited by Jonathan Pruitt.

in Behavioral Ecology

March 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 8446 words.

Abstract

Individuals can differ in how much they benefit from being in a group depending on characteristics such as their dominance rank or their behavior....

Turbidity weakens selection for assortment in body size in groups

Helen S. Kimbell and Lesley J. Morrell.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 6874 words.

Prey animals commonly associate with similar-looking individuals to reduce predation risk, via a reduction in predator targeting accuracy (the confusion effect) and preferential targeting...

A game-theoretical model of kleptoparasitic behavior in an urban gull (Laridae) population

Robert Spencer and Mark Broom.

Edited by David Stephens.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 17821 words.

Abstract

Kleptoparasitism (food stealing) is a significant behavior for animals that forage in social groups as it permits some individuals to obtain resources...

Camouflaging moving objects: crypsis and masquerade

Joanna R Hall, Roland Baddeley, Nicholas E Scott-Samuel, Adam J Shohet and Innes C Cuthill.

in Behavioral Ecology

September 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 6936 words.

Abstract

Motion is generally assumed to “break” camouflage. However, although camouflage cannot conceal a group of moving animals, it may impair a predator’s...

The Effects of Matrix Structure on Movement Decisions of Meadow Voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus)

Robin E. Russell, Robert K. Swihart and Bruce A. Craig.

in Journal of Mammalogy

June 2007; p ublished online June 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 4980 words.

The composition of the landscape between patches (the matrix) can have important effects on movement rates that potentially outweigh the effects of patch size and isolation. We conducted a...

Plant protein and secondary metabolites influence diet selection in a mammalian specialist herbivore

Amy C. Ulappa, Rick G. Kelsey, Graham G. Frye, Janet L. Rachlow, Lisa A. Shipley, Laura Bond, Xinzhu Pu and Jennifer Sorensen Forbey.

in Journal of Mammalogy

August 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 6336 words.

For herbivores, nutrient intake is limited by the relatively low nutritional quality of plants and high concentrations of potentially toxic defensive compounds (plant secondary metabolites...

Factors Affecting Diurnal Activity of Fishers in North-Central British Columbia

Richard D. Weir and Fraser B. Corbould.

in Journal of Mammalogy

December 2007; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 4829 words.

Mustelids, with their long, thin bodies and poor fat storage capabilities, perform an energetic balancing act when making decisions about energy expenditure. Activity rates provide vital...

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