Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 179 items for:

decision-making x Biological Sciences x Social Sciences x clear all

Hospice Decision Making: Diagnosis Makes a Difference

Deborah P. Waldrop and Mary Ann Meeker.

in The Gerontologist

October 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 6871 words.

Purpose:  This study explored the process of decision making about hospice enrollment and identified factors that influence the timing of that...

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Priority Actions to Improve Provenance Decision-Making

Martin F Breed, Peter A Harrison, Armin Bischoff, Paula Durruty, Nick J C Gellie, Emily K Gonzales, Kayri Havens, Marion Karmann, Francis F Kilkenny, Siegfried L Krauss, Andrew J Lowe, Pedro Marques, Paul G Nevill, Pati L Vitt and Anna Bucharova.

in BioScience

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biological Sciences; Environment. 5012 words.

Abstract

Selecting the geographic origin—the provenance—of seed is a key decision in restoration. The last decade has seen a vigorous debate on whether to use...

Decision-Making Involvement of Individuals With Dementia

Heather L. Menne and Carol J. Whitlatch.

in The Gerontologist

December 2007; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 6933 words.

Purpose:  Research underscores how autonomy and decision-making involvement may help to enhance the quality of life of older adults; however,...

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Adolescent Parents and Medical Decision-Making

Kenneth De Ville.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The growing phenomenon of teenage pregnancy introduces the problem of who should serve as surrogate decision makers for the children of adolescent parents. The justifications which sanction...

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The Precautionary Principle and Medical Decision Making

David B. Resnik.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The precautionary principle is a useful strategy for decision-making when physicians and patients lack evidence relating to the potential outcomes associated with various choices. According...

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Toward a Coherent Account of Pediatric Decision Making

Ana S. Iltis.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 12844 words.

Within and among societies, there are competing understandings of the status of children, including debates over whether they can bear rights and, if so, which rights they bear and against...

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"Choice" in End-of-Life Decision Making

Theresa S. Drought and Barbara A. Koenig.

in The Gerontologist

October 2002; p ublished online October 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 14239 words.

Purpose: The contribution of bioethics to clinical care at the end of life (EOL) deserves critical scrutiny. We argue that researchers have rarely...

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Parental Authority and Pediatric Bioethical Decision Making

Mark J. Cherry.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 9068 words.

In this paper, I offer a view beyond that which would narrowly reduce the role of parents in medical decision making to acting as custodians of the best interests of children and toward an...

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Adolescent Psychological Development, Parenting Styles, and Pediatric Decision Making

Brian C. Partridge.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 3200 words.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child risks harm to adolescents insofar as it encourages not only poor decision making by adolescents but also parenting styles that will...

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Intensity of Registered Nurse Participation in Nursing Home Decision Making1

Ruth A. Anderson and Reuben R. McDaniel.

in The Gerontologist

February 1998; p ublished online February 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 0 words.

In this study of data obtained from nursing home administrators and directors of nursing, we found that intensity of registered nurses' (RNs') participation in nursing home decision making...

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Dementia and Dignity: Towards a New Method of Surrogate Decision Making

Elysa R. Koppelman.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Autonomous decisions are decisions that reflect the self who makes them. Since patients in need of surrogate decision making can no longer enjoy the dignity of being free to express who...

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Love as a Regulative Ideal in Surrogate Decision Making

Erica Lucast Stonestreet.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 10774 words.

This discussion aims to give a normative theoretical basis for a “best judgment” model of surrogate decision making rooted in a regulative ideal of love. Currently, there are two basic...

The Role of Moral Imagination in Patients’ Decision-Making

Kjetil Rommetveit, Jackie Leach Scully and Rouven Porz.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

April 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 5754 words.

This article reviews recent developments within a number of academic disciplines pointing toward an increasing importance of imagination for understanding morality and cognition. Using...

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Consumer Decision-Making of Older People: A 45-Year Review

Dominik Hettich, Stefan Hattula and Torsten Bornemann.

in The Gerontologist

November 2018; p ublished online March 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Care of the Elderly; Gerontology and Ageing. 13079 words.

Abstract

Background and Objectives

Aging is one of the key future challenges for global life. Of particular...

Managing Scientific Uncertainty in Medical Decision Making: The Case of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

J. Michael Martinez.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

February 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8968 words.

This article explores the question of how scientific uncertainty can be managed in medical decision making using the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices as a case study. It...

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Narrative Interest Standard: A Novel Approach to Surrogate Decision-Making for People With Dementia

James M Wilkins.

in The Gerontologist

November 2018; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Care of the Elderly; Gerontology and Ageing. 3879 words.

Abstract

Dementia is a common neurodegenerative process that can significantly impair decision-making capacity as the disease progresses. When a person is...

Analysis of Key Decision-Making Incidents in the Life of a Nursing Home Resident

Celeste Shawler, Graham D. Rowles and Dallas M. High.

in The Gerontologist

October 2001; p ublished online October 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 9115 words.

Purpose: This study examined change in the decision-making autonomy of a single nursing facility resident. Design and Methods:null...

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Factors Affecting Long-Term-Care Residents' Decision-Making Processes as They Formulate Advance Directives

Heather C. Lambert, Mary Ann McColl, Julie Gilbert, Jiahui Wong, Gale Murray and Samuel E. D. Shortt.

in The Gerontologist

October 2005; p ublished online October 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 5948 words.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe factors contributing to the decision-making processes of elderly persons as they formulate...

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Leaps of Faith: How Implicit Assumptions Compromise the Utility of Ecosystem Models for Decision-making

Edward J. Gregr and Kai M.A. Chan.

in BioScience

January 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biological Sciences; Environment. 8006 words.

Ecological forecasts are increasingly seen as central to integrated management. However, to use such predictions, decision-makers require some understanding of how likely the forecasts...

A Family-Oriented Decision-Making Model for Human Research in Mainland China

Deng Rui.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

August 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8409 words.

This essay argues that individual-oriented informed consent is inadequate to protect human research subjects in mainland China. The practice of family-oriented decision-making is better...

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