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decision-making (Greek)

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A Greek state was the community of its citizens, and at least the most important decisions were made by an assembly of the citizens. Democracies and oligarchies differed not over that...

See overview in Oxford Index

Consciousness and Decision-Making

David Hodgson.

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

January 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mind. 10818 words.

In Chapter 4, I outline my views concerning conscious experiences, and I identify three distinguishing features of conscious processes that I contend contribute to decision-making, namely...

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Phenomenological Psychopathology and Clinical Decision-Making

Eduardo Iacoponi and Harvey Wickham.

in The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology

July 2019; p ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Mind. 4798 words.

This chapter examines how the phenomenological approach to psychopathology contributes to clinical decision making in psychiatry. It first considers competing forces in psychiatric clinical...

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Making Decisions about Inclusion and Exclusion

Graeme Diamond.

in The Oxford Handbook of Lexicography

November 2015; p ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Lexicography. 6925 words.

This chapter outlines the criteria used in assessing potential inclusions in the Oxford English Dictionary, and summarizes the resources—whether print or electronic, commercially available...

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Making Christian Life and Death Decisions

Kevin L. Flannery, SJ.

in Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality

August 2011; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Christian Life and Practice. 6456 words.

Decisions about withdrawing or continuing life-sustaining treatments are often not made in a reasoned manner: those who must make the decisions are often not sure what would constitute an...

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Humility and Decision-Making in Companies

Antonio Argandoña.

in Humility

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 7595 words.

A firm is a community of people who cooperate to achieve a purpose that is in everyone’s interest, albeit for different reasons. A manager’s task is to bring about this cooperation through...

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Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

David Stone.

September 2005; p ublished online January 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 324 pages.

This book uses manorial account rolls innovatively to reconstruct the economic mentalities of medieval farmers and, by so doing, argues that they have been unfairly stereotyped. It...

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The Intelligence Machine and the Decision Making Process

PETER JACKSON.

in France and the Nazi Menace

October 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 14260 words.

This chapter discusses the intelligence services in Germany and its decision making process. The most important characteristic of the intelligence community is that it was dominated by the...

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Fate, Freedom, Decision Making: Eteocles and Others

N. J. Sewell‐Rutter.

in Guilt by Descent

October 2007; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Literature. 15962 words.

This chapter investigates the agency and decision-making processes of the mortals in tragedy on whom the weight of supernatural causation rests. It considers successively fate, mortal...

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Decision-Making in Adolescents with Profound Hearing Loss

Bin Xuan, Peng Li, Aiqing Zhang and Liping Yang.

in The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

July 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Education; Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs. 6850 words.

Abstract

People with profound hearing loss show differences in language-related cognitive functions that may affect decision-making processes, but few studies...

Adolescent Parents and Medical Decision-Making

Kenneth De Ville.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The growing phenomenon of teenage pregnancy introduces the problem of who should serve as surrogate decision makers for the children of adolescent parents. The justifications which sanction...

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The Precautionary Principle and Medical Decision Making

David B. Resnik.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The precautionary principle is a useful strategy for decision-making when physicians and patients lack evidence relating to the potential outcomes associated with various choices. According...

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The Dangers of Democratic Decision Making (Sophocles’ Ajax)

Emily Katz Anhalt.

in Enraged

August 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies. 10084 words.

This chapter examines how the Ajax tackles the problem of rage and highlights the dangers of democratic decision making. In Ajax, Sophocles shows that democratic institutions alone cannot...

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Innate Constraints on Judgment and Decision‐Making?

Laurie R. Santos and Venkat Lakshminarayanan.

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3

April 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mind. 9260 words.

This chapter explores the possibility that human judgment and decision-making heuristics may have an innate component. It begins by providing a brief review of this heuristic approach,...

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Toward a Coherent Account of Pediatric Decision Making

Ana S. Iltis.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 12844 words.

Within and among societies, there are competing understandings of the status of children, including debates over whether they can bear rights and, if so, which rights they bear and against...

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Risk and Precaution in Decision Making about Nature

Jonathan Aldred.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics

January 2017; p ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 6081 words.

The normative bases for two fundamentally different approaches to environmental decision making are examined. First, orthodox “risk assessment.” In the conditions of (partial) uncertainty...

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Emotion versus Cognition in Moral Decision-Making

James Woodward.

in Moral Brains

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Mind. 15136 words.

This chapter discusses and criticizes the widely accepted idea that there is a sharp distinction between “cognitive” and “emotional” processing in the brain. It also criticizes the...

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Judicial Decision-Making: Judges and Arbitrators

Sophie Démare‐Lafont.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Law. 11191 words.

This article examines judicial decision-making in ancient Mesopotamia. It explains that the Mesopotamian perception of justice combined the notions of stability and straightness and it was...

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Royal Decision-Making: Kings, Magnates, and Scholars

Karen Radner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Historical Archaeology. 9150 words.

This article investigates the role of two distinct groups of advisors to the Assyrian king and their impact on royal decision-making: the highest state officials or magnates and scholarly...

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Authority, the Family, and Health Care Decision Making

Raymond Hain.

in Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality

December 2011; p ublished online November 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Christian Life and Practice. 7458 words.

The family, like so many other modern institutions, often looks more like an arena of competing wills than an ordered life in common. If we hope, therefore, to protect the special role that...

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