Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 196 items for:

decision-making x Mathematics x clear all

The precautionary principle: a new approach to public decision-making?

Katie Steele.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2006; p ublished online August 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 7513 words.

The precautionary principle recommends preventing possible harm to human health and environment. It has gained support in the international community as a higher-order legal principle that...

The game PIG: making decisions based on mathematical thinking

Y Shi.

in Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA

March 2000; p ublished online March 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics; Education. 0 words.

A study of the game PIG can be introduced to high school or first year undergraduate students as an interesting case for the study of decision making based on ''mathematical thinking''. When...

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Convergent evolution in law and science: the structure of decision-making under uncertainty

Michael J. Saks and Samantha L. Neufeld.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

The formal structure of decision-making under uncertainty used in legal trials bears a noteworthy similarity to the structure of decision-making under uncertainty used in hypothesis testing...

Formalizing Collaborative Decision‐making and Practical Reasoning in Multi‐agent Systems

Pietro Panzarasa, Nicholas R. Jennings and Timothy J. Norman.

in Journal of Logic and Computation

February 2002; p ublished online February 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Computing; Logic. 0 words.

In this paper, we present an abstract formal model of decision‐making in a social setting that covers all aspects of the process, from recognition of a potential for cooperation through to...

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Group decision making and Quality-of-Information in e-Health systems

Luís Lima, Paulo Novais, Ricardo Costa, José Bulas Cruz and José Neves.

in Logic Journal of the IGPL

April 2011; p ublished online July 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Logic. 0 words.

Knowledge is central to the modern economy and society. Indeed, the knowledge society has transformed the concept of knowledge and is more and more aware of the need to overcome the lack of...

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Closed-Form Approximations of First-Passage Distributions for a Stochastic Decision-Making Model

Tamara Broderick, Kong Fatt Wong-Lin and Philip Holmes.

in Applied Mathematics Research eXpress

January 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics. 5467 words.

In free response choice tasks, decision making is often modeled as a first-passage problem for a stochastic differential equation. In particular, drift-diffusion processes with constant or...

Workshop on using natural language processing applications for enhancing clinical decision making: an executive summary

Vinay M Pai, Mary Rodgers, Richard Conroy, James Luo, Ruixia Zhou and Belinda Seto.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

February 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 2889 words.

Abstract

In April 2012, the National Institutes of Health organized a two-day workshop entitled ‘Natural Language Processing: State of the Art, Future...

Use of population health data to refine diagnostic decision-making for pertussis

Andrew M Fine, Ben Y Reis, Lise E Nigrovic, Donald A Goldmann, Tracy N LaPorte, Karen L Olson and Kenneth D Mandl.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 4645 words.

Abstract

Objective To improve identification of pertussis cases by developing a decision model that incorporates recent, local, population-level...

Extending the Malmquist index to consider the balance factor of decision making units in a productivity analysis

Mohammadreza Alirezaee and Masoumeh Rajabi Tanha.

in IMA Journal of Management Mathematics

July 2016; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics. 5460 words.

This paper extends the Malmquist productivity index by considering an important factor called the ‘balance factor’. Although factors such as efficiency, scale and technology have been...

Decision making and card collecting

David K. Smith.

in IMA Journal of Management Mathematics

April 2005; p ublished online April 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics. 0 words.

Collecting a set of different, yet similar, items is a popular hobby. The “coupon collector's problem” is concerned with the number of items which must be obtained, one at a time, in order...

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Revisiting the p-value: a comparison of statistical evidence in clinical and legal medical decision making

Kelly H. Zou, Lisa M. DeTora, Steven J. Haker and Robert V. Mulkern.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2009; p ublished online March 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

While the use of p-values in evidence-based medicine (EBM) is consistent and well-defined, the application of statistical information in health law varies greatly. A comparative literature...

Variability in adolescent portal privacy features: how the unique privacy needs of the adolescent patient create a complex decision-making process

Marianne Sharko, Lauren Wilcox, Matthew K Hong and Jessica S Ancker.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

August 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 7063 words.

Abstract

Objective

Medical privacy policies, which are clear-cut for adults and young children, become ambiguous...

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A Randomized Effectiveness Trial of a Clinical Informatics Consult Service: Impact on Evidence-based Decision-making and Knowledge Implementation

Shelagh A. Mulvaney, Leonard Bickman, Nunzia B. Giuse, E. Warren Lambert, Nila A. Sathe and Rebecca N. Jerome.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

March 2008; p ublished online March 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 7370 words.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of providing synthesized research evidence to inform patient care practices via an evidence...

Bayesian decision-making in inventory modelling

ROGER M. HILL.

in IMA Journal of Management Mathematics

March 1999; p ublished online March 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics. 0 words.

The objective of this paper is to advocate the use of Bayesian methods in tackling decision problems with limited past data. It is assumed that a Bayesian approach is least likely to be...

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The logic of conflicts between decision making agents

L Ekenberg.

in Journal of Logic and Computation

August 2000; p ublished online August 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Computing; Logic. 0 words.

We present a formal model for the analysis of conflicts in sets of autonomous agents restricted in the sense that they can be described in a (first-order) language and by a transaction...

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Decision making in industrial production planning using fuzzy linear programming

Pandian Vasant, R. Nagarajan and Sazali Yaacob.

in IMA Journal of Management Mathematics

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics. 0 words.

Any modern industrial manufacturing unit inevitably faces problems of vagueness in various aspects such as raw material availability, human resource availability, processing capability and...

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Making Decisions Over and Over Again with Perl’s if and while

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer.

in Perl for Exploring DNA

August 2007; p ublished online April 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biomathematics and Statistics. 5689 words.

This chapter introduces the useful Perl ‘control structures’ that allow for the checking of unique situations and relieves the necessity of issuing the same statements over and over — Perl...

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Computer-aided decision-making with trust relations and trust domains (cryptographic applications)*

Simon Kramer, Rajeev Goré and Eiji Okamoto.

in Journal of Logic and Computation

February 2014; p ublished online May 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Logic; Computing. 0 words.

We propose generic declarative definitions of individual and collective trust relations between interacting agents and agent collections, and trust domains of trust-related agents in...

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Innovative approaches to support patient decision making, improve safety, and enable large-scale clinical research

Lucila Ohno-Machado.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

December 2011; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 884 words.

Can Cognitive Biases during Consumer Health Information Searches Be Reduced to Improve Decision Making?

Annie Y.S. Lau and Enrico W. Coiera.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 8643 words.

Abstract

Objective: To test whether the anchoring and order cognitive biases experienced during search by consumers using information retrieval...