Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 389 items for:

decision-making x Neuroscience x clear all

Decision making

Nathan F. Lepora.

in Living machines

April 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 2982 words.

Decision making is the process by which alternatives are deliberated and chosen based on the values and goals of the decision maker. In this chapter, we describe recent progress in...

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Probabilistic decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco.

in The Noisy Brain

January 2010; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 14899 words.

This chapter shows how an attractor network can model probabilistic decision making. For decision making, the attractor network is trained to have two or more attractor states, each of...

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Decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making

August 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 14274 words.

This chapter looks at selection of mainly autonomic responses and their classical conditioning. Selection of approach or withdrawal, and their classical conditioning are also mentioned. It...

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Decision-making mechanisms

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 48038 words.

The brain mechanisms involved in reward-related and other decision–making in the brain are described. The attractor network mechanism described has randomness or noise that makes the...

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Genetics of decision-making

Joshua C Gray, Sandra Sanchez-Roige, Abraham A Palmer, Harriet de Wit and James MacKillop.

in Genes, brain, and emotions

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Disorders of the Nervous System. 7609 words.

Persistent maladaptive decision-making is central to several psychiatric conditions, particularly addiction. Decision-making measures may serve as promising intermediate phenotypes (i.e....

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Confidence and decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco.

in The Noisy Brain

January 2010; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 24600 words.

This chapter considers how probabilistic decision making is influenced by the easiness versus the difficulty of the decision, and how confidence in a decision emerges as a property of the...

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Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making

Edmund T. Rolls.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Book. Subjects: Neuroscience. 776 pages.

This book presents a unified approach to understanding memory, attention, and decision-making. It shows how these fundamental functions for cognitive neuroscience can be understood in a...

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Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls.

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 704 pages.

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective...

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Neuroeconomics and decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 16229 words.

Classical microeconomics is reviewed to provide a background to neuroeconomics, which is then considered in terms of how expected value and outcome value are represented in the brain and...

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Executive Control and Model-Based Decision Making

Andreas Heinz.

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders

October 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4081 words.

Within instrumental behavior, more complex goal-directed decision making can be distinguished from habitual responding. This is illustrated by comparing model-based vs. model-free decision...

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The Neurocognitive Development of Social Decision Making

Wouter van den Bos and Eveline A. Crone.

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

October 2011; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6848 words.

This chapter focuses on the neurocognitive development of social decision making. It presents evidence that the development of social decision making is related to changes in different, but...

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Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex

Daniel Tranel.

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

August 2002; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 9207 words.

This chapter discusses the role of the orbital prefrontal cortex in behavior, with emphasis on the involvement of the ventromedial prefrontal (VMPF) lobe in emotions and decision making. It...

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Emotion, Decision Making and the Orbitofrontal Cortex

Antoine Bechara, Hanna Damasio and Antonio R. Damasio.

in Cerebral Cortex

March 2000; p ublished online March 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 10392 words.

The somatic marker hypothesis provides a systems-level neuroanatomical and cognitive framework for decision making and the influence on it by emotion. The key idea of this hypothesis is that...

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Dynamics of Oscillatory Activity during Auditory Decision Making

Jochen Kaiser, Therese Lennert and Werner Lutzenberger.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2007; p ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8340 words.

Perceptual decision making requires the comparison and integration of sensory evidence to generate a behavioral response. We used magnetoencephalography to investigate the temporal dynamics...

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Prefrontostriatal Circuitry Regulates Effort-Related Decision Making

Wolfgang Hauber and Susanne Sommer.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5817 words.

The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the basolateral amygdala (BLA), and the dopamine in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are part of a neural system that is critically involved in making...

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Decision-Making in Blackjack: An Electrophysiological Analysis

Johannes Hewig, Ralf Trippe, Holger Hecht, Michael G.H. Coles, Clay B. Holroyd and Wolfgang H.R. Miltner.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2007; p ublished online May 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8462 words.

Previous studies have identified a negative potential in the event-related potential (ERP), the error-related negativity (ERN), which is claimed to be triggered by a deviation from a reward...

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Moral decision-making and the brain

Patricia Smith Churchland.

in Neuroethics

April 2004; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7657 words.

This chapter addresses the question of whether we can have thought without biology. Developments in neuroscience and cognitive science have made it possible to formulate a rough hypothesis...

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Assessment of Healthcare Decision-making Capacity

Barton W. Palmer and Alexandrea L. Harmell.

in Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

September 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuropsychology. 9209 words.

It is often necessary for neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, and other healthcare professionals to assess an individual's capacity to consent to treatment related to healthcare....

Decision Making

Dana H. Ballard.

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

February 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8583 words.

Acting in the world in the situation that the agent is aware of requires command of decision options. Basic decision can be handled with barrier models, but social decisions require Game...

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Decision making

Lesley K. Fellows.

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

February 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8310 words.

Over the last several decades, considerable progress has been made in understanding some aspects of executive function. For example, as reviewed elsewhere in this volume, the mechanisms...

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