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difference principle

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the veil of ignorance, in Rawls's A Theory of Justice. The principle requires that social benefits and burdens are allocated in such a...

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Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13633 words.

This chapter analyzes Rawls’s complex account of distributive justice. Rawls’s difference principle requires that economic systems be organized so that the least advantaged members of...

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Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle

Samuel Freeman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13233 words.

This chapter analyzes Rawls’s complex account of distributive justice. Rawls’s difference principle requires that economic systems be organized so that the least advantaged members of...

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Property-Owning Democracy and the Difference Principle

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13764 words.

This chapter discusses John Rawls’s conception of property-owning democracy and how it is related to his difference principle. Rawls says that the main problem of distributive justice is...

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Private Law and Rawls’s Principles of Justice

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 16252 words.

This chapter discusses the application of Rawls’s principles of justice to private law, or the law of legal relationships between individuals, including the law of property, contracts, and...

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A Cosmopolitan Model of Global Justice: The Basic Framework

Gillian Brock.

in Global Justice

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 15896 words.

This chapter develops and defends a novel cosmopolitan model of global justice. The model includes the view that global justice requires all to be adequately positioned to enjoy the...

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Free Market Fairness

John Tomasi.

in Free Market Fairness

February 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 15399 words.

This chapter defends a “market democratic” interpretation of justice as fairness that it calls free market fairness, with a particular focus on institutions. The discussion encompasses the...

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Constructivism, Facts, and Moral Justification

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 11554 words.

This chapter responds to G. A. Cohen’s criticisms of Rawls’s reliance upon social and psychological facts about humans to argue for his principles of justice. Cohen contends that such facts...

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The Most Reliable Judgment Standard for Soft Legal Paternalism

William J. Talbott.

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 14769 words.

This author shows how the main principle would endorse a new ground-level principle of weak legal paternalism, the most reliable judgment standard, and compares this standard with the most...

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John Rawls

Alan Ryan.

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

August 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 7868 words.

This chapter examines the impact of John Rawls's A Theory of Justice on the liberal audience that took it up. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls offers a defense of civil disobedience that would...

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Liberalism and Distributive Justice

Samuel Freeman.

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 352 pages.

This volume of essays addresses a wide range of issues in contemporary political philosophy, from the different branches of liberalism and their relation to capitalism, to the basic...

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Introduction

Fred Feldman.

in Distributive Justice

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 2624 words.

After giving a more precise characterization of the target of this inquiry—political economic distributive justice—the book proceeds to explicate the concept of desert, evaluate proposed...

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Locating the Target

Fred Feldman.

in Distributive Justice

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 9885 words.

The central aim of Chapter 1 is to give the reader a clear understanding of the common subject matter of theories of distributive justice. This is done in part by offering sketches of...

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Desertism and Some Competitors

Fred Feldman.

in Distributive Justice

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 16511 words.

Some of the main opposing theories of distributive justice are certain forms of egalitarianism, luck egalitarianism, sufficientism, the difference principle, and libertarianism. This...

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Two Concepts of Fairness

John Tomasi.

in Free Market Fairness

February 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13499 words.

This chapter considers two concepts of fairness, starting the discussion by focusing on market democracy's thick conception of economic freedom in relation to social justice. Market...

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Equality, Cosmopolitanism, and Global Justice

Gillian Brock.

in Global Justice

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 9399 words.

This chapter argues that the model of global justice developed in this book adequately reflects our moral equality and also can defensibly claim to be cosmopolitan. The chapter begins by...

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The Alternative

Pierre Macherey.

in Hegel or Spinoza

December 2011; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 2264 words.

This chapter recounts Hegel’s acceptance of the professorial chair at the University of Heidelberg, the same offer that was previously declined by Spinoza. This event prompted Hegelians to...

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Introduction

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 5540 words.

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of liberalism, which is best understood as an expansive, philosophical notion. Liberalism is a collection of political, social, and...

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Mill in a Liberal Landscape

Alan Ryan.

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

August 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 17753 words.

This chapter examines the difficulties a late twentieth-century reader will have with John Stuart Mill's liberalism as well as its differences from many contemporary—that is, late...

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Exploitation in a Market Socialist Economy II

N. Scott Arnold.

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism

May 1995; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 14685 words.

This chapter discusses the opportunities for exploitation in a large cooperative setting. Ideally, other than in terms of sheer size, the differences between large cooperatives and smaller...

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Distributive Justice

Fred Feldman.

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 288 pages.

This book is a presentation and defense of a novel theory of justice, according to which political economic distributive justice reigns in a state if the government of that state ensures...

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