in Europe's Functional Constitution
April 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 12750 words.
This chapter analyzes the evolution of the EU’s non-discrimination principle from a norm designed to promote market integration into a constitutional framework for equal treatment. Although...
in European Tort Law
June 2007; p ublished online January 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 5211 words.
This chapter analyses the concept of strict liability in Europe. It shows that the difference between fault liability and strict liability is a gradual rather than a principle one. When...
in Continuity and Change in EU Law
March 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .
Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 12273 words.
This chapter considers some of the ways in which litigating before the Court of Justice differs from litigating before United Kingdom courts, and how those differences affect the manner in...
March 2002; p ublished online March 2012 .
Book. Subjects: EU Law. 298 pages.
The book examines the law of the free movement of goods and services. These two freedoms are fundamental to the European Community's internal market and form the basis for an...
in The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law
January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .
Chapter. Subjects: EU Law; Constitutional and Administrative Law. 10824 words.
Chapter 7 discusses the situation regarding the distribution of competence following the Lisbon Treaty. Several unresolved issues pertaining to what have hitherto been called ‘implied’...
in Human Rights and European Law
January 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .
Chapter. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; EU Law. 10390 words.
According to the proportionality principle, no state or official or institution can interfere with an individual’s rights under the European Convention on Human Rights or under EU law,...
in Independence and Legitimacy in the Institutional System of the European Union
February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: EU Law; Constitutional and Administrative Law. 31381 words.
This chapter explores, first, why the TFEU assigned monetary policy tasks to an independent institution, the ECB, and examines the features of its accountability, complement and...
in Towards a European Public Law
April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .
Chapter. Subjects: EU Law; Constitutional and Administrative Law. 7607 words.
Chapter 6 shows how, in spite of the differences of the various domestic legal systems in Europe, a European model for public administration is emerging. This can be seen across different...