Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-19 of 19 items for:

difference principle x Public Health and Epidemiology x clear all

difference principle

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the veil of ignorance, in Rawls's A Theory of Justice. The principle requires that social benefits and burdens are allocated in such a...

See overview in Oxford Index

An Entity in its Own Right

Markus Heilig.

in The Thirteenth Step

May 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 5214 words.

This chapter asks: Is there really any important difference between people who develop a destructive relationship with a drug and those who do not? Is there a line, however bright, the...

Go to Columbia University Press »  abstract

Alcohol-containing Mouthwashes and Oropharyngeal Cancer: A Spurious Association due to Underascertainment of Confounders?

Samuel Shapiro, John V. Castellana and J. Michael Sprafka.

in American Journal of Epidemiology

December 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

Recently it has been suggested that the use of alcohol-containing mouthwashes may increase the risk of oropharyngeal cancer. Heavy alcohol intake and tobacco use are established causes of...

Go to »  abstract

Intervening via chat: an opportunity for adolescents’ mental health promotion?

Rik Crutzen and Jascha De Nooijer.

in Health Promotion International

June 2011; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 3443 words.

Mental health problems are highly prevalent among adolescents, but a majority of adolescents is reluctant to seek help at mental health services because of shame and lack of anonymity....

Go to »  abstract

Mendelian randomization: the contribution of genetic epidemiology to elucidating environmentally modifiable causes of disease

George Davey Smith and Shah Ebrahim.

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition

December 2009; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 15576 words.

Conventional risk factor epidemiology — directly studying environmentally modifiable exposures that may influence disease risk — and genetic epidemiology have similarities and differences....

Go to »  abstract

Autonomy and Practice: the Case of Complementary Practitioners in the UK


in International Journal for Quality in Health Care

January 1997; p ublished online January 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

Objective:1. To identify the level of acceptance of the principle of British Medical Association (BMA) participation in the formulation of practice guidelines for complementary...

Go to »  abstract

A Meta-Regression Method for Studying Etiological Heterogeneity Across Disease Subtypes Classified by Multiple Biomarkers

Molin Wang, Aya Kuchiba and Shuji Ogino.

in American Journal of Epidemiology

August 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 5191 words.

In interdisciplinary biomedical, epidemiologic, and population research, it is increasingly necessary to consider pathogenesis and inherent heterogeneity of any given health condition and...

Go to »  abstract

Measurement Methods of Drug Consumption as a Secondary Judgment Criterion for Clinical Trials in Chronic Rheumatic Diseases

Florence Constant, Francis Guillemin, Bernard Herbeth, Jean François Collin and Michel Boulangé.

in American Journal of Epidemiology

May 1997; p ublished online May 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

Drug consumption is sometimes used as a secondary judgment criterion for clinical trials. Many measurement methods are available to quantify drug consumption. Several methods were applied...

Go to »  abstract

Use of condoms: intention and behaviour of adolescents living in juvenile rehabilitation centres

Gaston Godin, Christian Fortin, Francine Michaud, Richard Bradet and Gerjo Kok.

in Health Education Research

September 1997; p ublished online September 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

The aim of the present study was to identify the psychosocial factors explaining intention and behaviour regarding condom use among a sample of 152 adolescents (44 F; 108 M) living in...

Go to »  abstract

Equity and social determinants of health at a city level

Anna Ritsatakis.

in Health Promotion International

November 2009; p ublished online November 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 5486 words.

Equity in health has been the underlying value of the WHO Health for All policy for 30 years, distinguished from equality and difference in a commissioned series of theoretical reports in...

Go to »  abstract

Tobacco use and other risk behaviors: cross-sectional and predictive relationships for adolescent orthodontic patients

Joy M. Zakarian, Melbourne F. Hovell, Terry L. Conway, C. Richard Hofstetter and Donald J. Slymen.

in Nicotine and Tobacco Research

May 2000; p ublished online May 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

Background: The purpose of these analyses was to examine the prevalence of selected substance abuse, general and dental health risk, and scholastic risk behaviors and their cross-sectional...

Go to »  abstract

Symposium 25 Tuesday Sept. 25th 1.30 pm–3.00 pm; Room: Lecture Hall 1

in Alcohol and Alcoholism

August 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

One goal of behavioral neuroscience is to understand the biological mechanisms underlying brain function and behavior and their changes in pathological conditions. An ethoexperimental...

Poster Session PA2

in Alcohol and Alcoholism

August 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.


Shape analysis of insula in alcohol dependence

Jung YC, Jang D-P, Lee E, Kim J-J, Chung T-S, Namkoong K


Exogenous determinants of health

Jan Abel Olsen.

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

August 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Medical Statistics and Methodology. 2284 words.

This chapter considers some determinants that lie completely outside of people’s own control. For such exogenous causes of ill health, the unlucky ones cannot be held responsible for their...

Go to »  abstract

Urban health in low- and middle-income countries

Mark R. Montgomery.

in Oxford Textbook of Public Health

September 2009; p ublished online March 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Public Health. 14665 words.

Over the next 30 years, low- and middle-income countries will cross an historic threshold, becoming for the first time more urban than rural. This chapter explores the implications for...

Go to »  abstract

The Causes of Cases Versus Causes of Incidence

Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 6167 words.

An overview is provided of the concept that population-level causes are different than individual-level causes. A description of the seminal work of Geoffrey Rose is used to illustrate the...

Go to »  abstract

Cross-Cultural Research Methods and Practice

Martin J. Prince.

in Global Mental Health

November 2013; p ublished online February 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Public Health and Epidemiology; Public Health. 10916 words.

There are few examples in the cross-cultural mental health literature of demonstrably valid, culture-fair comparison. Much more could, in principle, be done to demonstrate measurement...

Go to »  abstract

Directly Observed Therapy for the Treatment of People with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: A Work in Progress

Jennifer Adelson Mitty, Valerie E. Stone, Michael Sands, Grace Macalino and Timothy Flanigan.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 5400 words.

The principle of directly observed therapy (DOT) has its roots in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB), for which DOT programs have improved cure rates in hard-to-reach populations. Human...

Go to »  abstract

Do Healthcare Professionals have Different Views about Healthcare Rationing than College Students? A Mixed Methods Study in Portugal

Micaela Pinho, Ana Pinto Borges and Richard Cookson.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2018; p ublished online May 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 6781 words.


The main aim of this paper is to investigate the views of healthcare professionals in Portugal about healthcare rationing, and compare them with the...

Go to »  full text: open access

A Multi-Host Approach for the Systematic Analysis of Virulence Factors in Cryptococcus neoformans

Athanasios Desalermos, Xiaojiang Tan, Rajmohan Rajamuthiah, Marios Arvanitis, Yan Wang, Dedong Li, Themistoklis K. Kourkoumpetis, Beth Burgwyn Fuchs and Eleftherios Mylonakis.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

September 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4913 words.

A multi-host approach was followed to screen a library of 1201 signature-tagged deletion strains of Cryptococcus neoformans mutants to identify previously unknown virulence factors. The...

Go to »  abstract