Oxford Index Search Results

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difference principle

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the veil of ignorance, in Rawls's A Theory of Justice. The principle requires that social benefits and burdens are allocated in such a...

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‘Not a Difference of Principle, but a Difference of Emphasis’

Matthew Frank.

in Expelling the Germans

March 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 24043 words.

This chapter discusses the impact of the Second World War on British thinking on population transfer in general, and on a transfer of Germans in particular. Four ‘case studies’ are examined...

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The Separation Principle

Neve Gordon.

in Israel's Occupation

February 2008; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 10153 words.

By the turn of the new millennium, Israel had almost totally abandoned forms of control whose goal was to manage the lives of the Palestinian inhabitants residing in the West Bank and Gaza...

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Economy and the Legal Framework

Dotan Leshem.

in The Origins of Neoliberalism

June 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Intellectual History. 6362 words.

The Fifth Chapter (Economy and the Legal Framework) returns to Agamben’s genealogy of economy discussed in the introduction and tackles his critique of Foucault’s genealogy of pastoral...

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Roberts v. City of Boston

Alicia Rivera.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 913 words.

Sarah C. Roberts v. The City of Boston, 59 Mass. 198–210 (5 Cush.) (1850) was the first case to challenge the practice of school segregation of blacks in the North. This case anticipated...

Whiteness.

Peter H. Halewood.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1281 words.

“Whiteness,” in American usage, describes the general constellation of privileges and benefits, public and private, that attach to persons deemed “white.” Though traceable to earlier...

House of Commons

Overview page. Subjects: History.

(UK) The lower chamber of the British Parliament. It began as an element of the Parliaments summoned by the king in the later 13th century: both knights of the shire and burgesses of...

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Stanley, Sara G.

Ellen Nickenzie Lawson.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1389 words.

teacher of freedmen, was born in New Bern, North Carolina, the daughter of John Stuart Stanley and Frances Griffith, teachers who ran an antebellum private school in New Bern that was...

Lundy, Benjamin

Merton L. Dillon.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 871 words.

Benjamin Lundy's newspaper, The Genius of Universal Emancipation, founded in 1821, was the first antislavery journal in the United States to survive for more than a few issues. At a time...

Miller, Kelly

Sylvie Coulibaly.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1120 words.

mathematician, sociologist, academic, essayist, and columnist. Miller was born a slave in Winnsboro, South Carolina, to Elizabeth Roberts, a slave, and Kelly Miller Sr., a free black who...

Equal Rights and Unequal People

Richard D. Brown.

in Self-Evident Truths

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 18958 words.

Though Americans have favored the idea of equal rights and equal opportunity, they recognize that differences in wealth and social advantage, like differences in ability and appearance,...

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Trotter, James Monroe (1842 - 1892), Union Army Officer, Political Activist, Federal Government Official, Music Historian

Stephen R. Fox.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1394 words.

James Monroe Trotter was born on February 7, 1842, in Grand Gulf, Mississippi, the son of a white man, Richard S. Trotter, and his slave Letitia. When Richard Trotter was married in...

Buccau, Quamino

Gloria Grant Roberson.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1072 words.

a devout Methodist, was born near New Brunswick, New Jersey, one of five children of slave parents. Buccau's life would have been lost forever if not for Memoir of Quamino Buccau, a...

Williamson, John Hendrick

Benjamin R. Justesen.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1187 words.

barber, newspaper editor, public official, and six-term state legislator, was born in Covington, Georgia, the son of James Williamson, a slave, and an unknown mother. Little is known of...

Richardson, Gloria St. Clair Hayes

Sharon Harley.

in Black Women in America, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1381 words.

Gloria St. Clair Hayes Richardson was one of the most feared and militant “up-south” (Maryland) black leaders of the early 1960s. This courageous grassroots organizer foresaw the death...

Modernism from Afro-America: An Interpretation of Wifredo Lam's Paintings

Gerardo Mosquera.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 2499 words.

The history of art has, to a large extent, been a Eurocentric story, a Western construction that has excluded, diminished, and decontextualized a good part of the aesthetic production of...

Moral Issues

Seymour Drescher.

in A Historical Guide to World Slavery

January 1998 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 4345 words.

In 1869 W. E. H. Lecky offered his famous verdict on the relationship between morality and slavery: “The unwearied, unostentatious, and inglorious crusade of England against slavery may...

Smith, Anna Deavere (also Deveare) (born 1950), Stage / Screen Actor, Dramatist, Essayist, Educator

Richard Schechner.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1490 words.

performer, author, director, teacher, and social activist, was born and grew up in Baltimore, Maryland, where her father, Deavere Young Smith Jr., was a self-employed coffee merchant and...

Gladwell, Malcolm (born 1963), Print Journalist, Biographer, Fiction Writer, Lecturer

Jennifer Curry.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1552 words.

New Yorker columnist and author of popular nonfiction, was born in Fareham, England, the youngest of three sons born to Graham M. L. Gladwell, a British mathematician, and Joyce (Nation)...

Weston Sisters

Leigh Fought.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1507 words.

At the heart of abolitionism in Massachusetts stood the Weston sisters, who led organizational and fund-raising activities for the entire northeastern region of the movement. Although...

Pawnship

Paul E. Lovejoy.

in A Historical Guide to World Slavery

January 1998 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 2403 words.

The legal category of social and economic dependency known as pawnship was, in various forms, common in many preindustrial societies, including Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and...