Oxford Index Search Results

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difference principle

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the veil of ignorance, in Rawls's A Theory of Justice. The principle requires that social benefits and burdens are allocated in such a...

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A Transgenerational Difference Principle

Daniel Attas.

in Intergenerational Justice

May 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 12982 words.

Can Rawls's theory provide a framework for assessing obligations to future generations? Extending the veil of ignorance so that participants in the original position do not know to which...

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Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13633 words.

This chapter analyzes Rawls’s complex account of distributive justice. Rawls’s difference principle requires that economic systems be organized so that the least advantaged members of...

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Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle

Samuel Freeman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13233 words.

This chapter analyzes Rawls’s complex account of distributive justice. Rawls’s difference principle requires that economic systems be organized so that the least advantaged members of...

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Property-Owning Democracy and the Difference Principle

Samuel Freeman.

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 13764 words.

This chapter discusses John Rawls’s conception of property-owning democracy and how it is related to his difference principle. Rawls says that the main problem of distributive justice is...

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difference principle

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the veil of ignorance, in Rawls's A Theory of Justice. The principle requires that social benefits and burdens are allocated in such a...

See overview in Oxford Index

difference principle

Thomas Nagel.

in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 214 words.

The principle, proposed by John Rawls, that economic and social advantages for the better-off members of a society are

difference principle

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 54 words.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the veil of ignorance, in *Rawls’s A Theory of Justice

difference principle

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 54 words.

The principle chosen by rational people from behind the *veil of ignorance, in *Rawls's A Theory

maximin principle

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

A principle of decision theory, that counsels that at least in some circumstance, the right decision is that which maximizes the minimum outcome: i.e., that which makes the worst outcome as...

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maximin and minimax

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Game-and decision-theoretical strategies which require one to make one's worst possible outcome as good as possible (that is, to maximize the minimum). Maximin grounds Rawls's ‘difference...

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THE EVIL OF DEATH

Ben Bradley.

in Well-Being and Death

March 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 10354 words.

This chapter defends a difference‐making principle about the total value of an event for a person, similar to one defended by Fred Feldman. According to this principle, the value of an...

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The Beyonds of the Pleasure Principle

Aaron Schuster.

in The Trouble with Pleasure

March 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 12807 words.

Chapter II of Deleuze’s Difference and Repetition, “Repetition for Itself,” poses the crucial question of how the pleasure principle comes to rule over psychic life. This chapter examines...

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G. W. F. Leibniz

Daniel W. Smith.

in Deleuze's Philosophical Lineage

March 2005; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 9670 words.

This chapter analyses Gilles Deleuze's engagement with the philosophical thoughts of Gottfried Leibniz. It suggests that though having published a book-length study of Leibniz entitled The...

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Bottomless determination: How Yablo can get proportionality from gunk

Roy Sorensen.

in Analysis

October 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy. 1205 words.

Consider the beginningless sequence: …  being less than 0.01 grams, being less than 0.1 grams, being less than 1 gram, being less than 10 grams … There is no super-determinate in this...

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Inverse probability: you can’t be indifferent about it!

Graham Priest.

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction

October 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 2408 words.

People often confuse probabilities with their inverses. Many inductive arguments require us to reason about inverse probabilities. ‘Inverse probability: you can’t be indifferent about it!’...

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Well-Being and Death

Ben Bradley.

March 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Book. Subjects: Philosophy. 224 pages.

This book addresses philosophical questions about death and well‐being. It defends two main theses. The first is hedonism, or the view that pleasure is what has intrinsic value for us. The...

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conceptual scheme

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The general system of concepts which shape or organize our thoughts and perceptions. The outstanding elements of our everyday conceptual scheme include spatial and temporal relations...

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paradox of ideal evidence

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

A paradox in the philosophy of confirmation. Suppose a hypothesis is assigned a quite low or quite high probability given some body of evidence. Then in principle more evidence might be...

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original position

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The position defined for the consideration of justice in Rawls's A Theory of Justice (1971). In Rawls's contractarian theory, a social structure is just only if it could have been...

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incongruent counterparts

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Spatial items which relate to each other as mirror-images do, so that although the same shape, they cannot be superimposed so as to occupy exactly the same volume of space. In three...

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